SHANGHAI, Oct. 22 (Xinhua) — A total of 28,700 artificial intelligence (AI) papers were published in China in 2019, up 12.4 percent from the previous year, according to the China New Generation AI Development Report 2020, which was released at the Pujiang Innovation Forum 2020 outcome conference on Monday. China’s AI activity and influence at top international conferences in the field are increasing. In the same period, the number of AI patent applications in China exceeded 30,000, up 52.4 percent from the previous year.
The report was compiled by more than a dozen domestic and foreign institutions under the Chinese Academy of Science and Technology Development Strategy and the New Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Research Center under the Ministry of Science and Technology.
Globally, 21 of the 100 AI papers cited nearly five years ago were from China, ranking second, according to the report. In the fields of automatic machine learning, neural network interpretable methods and heterogeneous fusion brain computing, China has produced a number of innovative achievements with international influence.
Nationally, Beijing, Jiangsu, Guangdong and Hubei were the most active places to publish AI papers in 2019, becoming important sources of AI academic innovation in China. Guangdong, Beijing, Jiangsu and Shanghai lead the country in the number of patent applications, while Guangdong, Jiangsu, Beijing and Zhejiang are the most active regions in AI patent transfer.
In addition, the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, the Yangtze River Delta region, and the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area have become the three major regional engines of AI development in China, accounting for 83 percent of the country’s total number of AI enterprises. Chengzhou-Chongqing urban agglomeration and the middle reaches of the Yangtze River urban agglomeration have also shown regional vitality in AI development, and industrial agglomeration has shown regional leadership and synergy.
In addition, the development of AI disciplines and majors in China continued to advance in 2019. 180 universities were approved to add new undergraduate programs in AI in 2019, and 11 universities, including Peking University, have set up new AI schools or research institutes.
The Pujiang Innovation Forum was jointly organized by the Ministry of Science and Technology and the Shanghai Municipal People’s Government in 2008. The theme of this forum is “Co-governance of Science and Technology Cooperation and Innovation”.