2022年1月28日

Zhou Yumei, member of the committee: the implementation of the first-level disciplines to solve the chip “talent thirst

Integrated circuit talent shortage, this problem was once having 14 years of CPPCC member performance experience of Zhou Yumei a heart disease.

The integrated circuit industry, including the chip design and manufacturing industry, is a high-tech field with a high degree of talent dependence. In order to solve the problem of talent supply, Zhou Yumei, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and deputy director of Institute of Microelectronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, has proposed the topic of “establishing a first-level discipline urgently to cultivate integrated circuit talents” every year in recent years.

Fortunately, this year Zhou Yumei was able to change the subject. Her proposal finally led to the introduction of first-level disciplines last year.

“In August last year, the State Council issued No. 8 Document (Several Policies on Promoting the High-quality Development of the IC Industry and the Software Industry in the New Era), which clearly required accelerating the establishment of the first-level disciplines of the IC, and making efforts to cultivate versatile and practical high-level talents. On December 30, 2020, relevant departments officially issued a notice on the establishment of ‘Integrated Circuit Science and Engineering’.” Zhou Yumei told Science and Technology Daily that universities are working hard to implement it and it will be included in the general rules for graduate students next year.

Practical talents “quench their thirst”

“When you recruit a new student, you spend the first half of the year training, not to mention creating value.” Integrated circuit industry enterprises often have such complaints, from the school out of the students can not be invited to use.

“The integrated circuit industry has its own characteristics, through the practice of ‘master’ is very important.” But lab equipment is expensive, and most universities don’t have complete laboratories, Zhou said.

If the school has no conditions, can we study in an enterprise?

“It is hard to push away the shortcomings of this link by going to an enterprise for an internship.” Zhou Yumei said, there are two reasons: on the one hand, modern factories are not only clean plants, but also high level of automation, many factories with fewer people, practice difficult; On the other hand, the intellectual property rights and technical secrets of high-tech enterprises directly affect their competition in the market. Internship to learn true things conflicts with the requirements of enterprise secrecy.

In order to make up for the short board of talent practice, the state made a move.

“The National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Education and other departments have launched a platform for industry-university-research integration and collaborative education.” Zhou Yumei said that the national pilot construction practice platform has been piloted in four universities, exploring to provide a perfect industry-education integration environment for talent training.

Compound Talents “GET”

To lead the high-tech industry, there is no one that does not need the integration of various fields and the intersection of various disciplines. Integrated circuit field is no exception, it involves electronics, circuits, physics, chemistry, materials, computers, automation and other multidisciplinary knowledge, these disciplines of professional talents, integrated circuit fusion and penetration, can cultivate the field of integrated circuits needed talents.

But how to attract professional talent to the integrated circuit field “crossover”?

“This subject is actually very hard and tiring to learn. In the past, people did not know much about it, and the employment channels were relatively narrow.” ‘In the past, the appeal of this subject was mediocre,’ says Ms. Zhou.

With the improvement of social attention and the need for major national needs, the demand for talents in this field is becoming more and more urgent.

“The cultivation and accumulation of talents need a process. The setting of first-level disciplines guides the pooling of resources and talents, while helping to break the limitation of talent flow between different disciplines. This lays the foundation for the timely and high-quality training of integrated circuit talents with comprehensive quality.” Most realistically, Ms. Zhou said, the field of integrated circuits will be better positioned to attract high-quality students.

According to the White Paper on China’s Integrated Circuit Industry Talent (2019-2020 Edition), the dimission rate in the integrated circuit industry in 2019 was 12.51%, which was further down from 2018 but still higher than the healthy dimission rate. According to the results of the dimission reason survey, compensation return and equity incentive are the main factors affecting the turnover of employees in the industry.

No. 8 State Council article clearly pointed out: strengthen industry self-discipline, guide integrated circuit and software talents reasonable and orderly flow, to avoid vicious competition.

The root cause of bad talent competition is the lack of talent. “In addition to universities training talents through the construction of first-level disciplines, relevant departments are also exploring a joint training mode, hoping that the ‘talent thirst’ of integrated circuits can be alleviated as soon as possible.” Zhou Yumei said.

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