2021年10月25日

The Fourteenth Five-Year Plan for the National Economic and Social Development of the People’s Republic of China and the Outline of the Long-range Goals to 2035

BEIJING, March 12 (Xinhua) —

Chapter I Development Environment

Chapter II Guidelines

The third chapter is the main objective

Chapter IV Strengthening the State’s Strategic Scientific and Technological Force

The fifth chapter is to enhance the technological innovation ability of enterprises

Chapter Six Stimulate the Innovation Vitality of Talents

Chapter VII Improving the System and Mechanism for Scientific and Technological Innovation

Chapter Eight: Implementing the strategy of manufacturing power in depth

Chapter IX Developing and Expanding Strategic Emerging Industries

Chapter X Promoting Prosperity and Development of the Service Industry

Chapter XI Constructing a Modernized Infrastructure System

Chapter XII Unimpeding the Great Domestic Circulation

Chapter XIII Promoting Domestic and International Dual Circulation

Chapter 14 Accelerating the Cultivation of a Complete System of Domestic Demand

Chapter 15 Creating New Advantages in the Digital Economy

Chapter 16 Accelerating the Construction of Digital Society

Chapter 17 Improving the Construction Level of Digital Government

Chapter 18 Creating a Good Digital Ecology

Chapter XIX Inspire the Vitality of Various Market Entirees

Chapter 20 Building a High Standard Market System

Chapter XXI Establishing a Modern Fiscal, Tax and Financial System

Chapter 22 Enhance the Government’s Economic Governance Capability

Chapter 23 Improving the Quality, Benefits and Competitiveness of Agriculture

Chapter XXIV Implementation of Rural Construction Actions

Chapter XXV Improving Institutions and Mechanisms for Integrated Urban-Rural Development

Chapter 26 Consolidating and Expanding the Achievements of Poverty Reduction and Rural Revitalization

Chapter XXVII Accelerating the Citizenization of the Migrant Agricultural Population

Chapter 28 Improving the Spatial Layout of Urbanization

Chapter 29 Improve the Quality of Cities in an All-round Way

Chapter 30 Optimizing the Pattern of Spatial Development and Protection

Chapter 31 Thoroughly Implementing Major Regional Strategies

Chapter 32 Thoroughly Implementing the Strategy of Coordinated Regional Development

Chapter 33 Expansion of Space for Marine Economic Development

Chapter 34 Raising the Level of Social Civilization

Chapter 35 Improving the Level of Public Cultural Services

Chapter 36 Improving the System of Modern Cultural Industry

Chapter 37 Improving Ecosystem Quality and Stability

Chapter 38 Continuous Improvement of Environmental Quality

Chapter 39 Accelerating the Green Transformation of the Mode of Development

Chapter 40 Building a New System for a Higher Level Open Economy

Chapter 41 Promoting Joint Development of “One Belt And One Road” High-quality Development

Chapter 42 Actively Participating in the Reform and Building of the Global Governance System

Chapter 43 Building a Quality Education System

Chapter 44 Comprehensively Promoting the Building of a Healthy China

Chapter 45 Implementing the National Strategy for Actively Responding to the Aging of Population

Chapter 46 Improving the State Public Service System

Chapter 47 Implementing the Employment Priority Strategy

Chapter 48 Optimizing the Structure of Income Distribution

Chapter 49 Improving the Multilevel Social Security System

Chapter 50 Guaranteed the Basic Rights and Interests of Minors of Women and Disabled Persons

Chapter 51 Building a New Pattern of Grassroots Social Governance

Chapter 52 Strengthening the National Security System and Capacity Building

Chapter 53 Strengthening the Guarantee for State Economic Security

Chapter 54 Improve the Ability to Ensuring Public Security in an All-round Way

Chapter 55 Safeguarding Social Stability and Security

Chapter 56 Improving the Quality and Efficiency of the Modernization of National Defense and the Armed Forces

Chapter 57 Promoting the Synchronous Enhancement of National Defense Strength and Economic Strength

Chapter 58 Developing Socialist Democracy

Chapter 59 Comprehensively Promoting the Rule of Law in China

Chapter 60 Improving the System of Party and State Supervision

Chapter 61 Maintaining Long-term Prosperity and Stability in Hong Kong and Macao

Chapter 62 Promoting the Peaceful Development of Cross-Straits Relations and National Reunification

Chapter 63 Strengthening the Centralized, Unified Leadership of the Party Central Committee

Chapter 64 Improving the Unified Planning System

Chapter 65 Improving the Planning Implementation Mechanism

The 14th Five-Year Plan period is the first five-year period in which China, after completing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects and achieving the first centenary goal, will embark on a new journey towards the second centenary goal of building a modern socialist country in all respects.

China has entered a new stage of development, with a more solid foundation and profound changes in the conditions for development, and new opportunities and challenges for further development.

Section I Decisive Victory in Building a Moderately Prosperous Society in All Respects

The 13th Five-Year Plan period is a decisive period for building a moderately prosperous society in all respects. In the face of the complex international situation and the onerous tasks of domestic reform, development and stability, especially the severe impact of the COVID-19 epidemic, the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core stayed true to its original aspiration and kept its mission firmly in mind. It rallied and led the whole Party and the people of all ethnic groups in forging ahead, forging ahead with pioneering efforts, and advancing the cause of the Party and the country. Major breakthroughs were made in comprehensively deepening reform, major progress was made in advancing law-based governance, and major achievements were made in comprehensively enforcing strict Party self-governance. The modernization of China’s governance system and capacity was accelerated, and the leadership of the CPC and the socialist system of China further demonstrated its strengths.

China’s economic performance was stable on the whole, and its economic structure continued to improve. Its GDP exceeded 100 trillion yuan. We made China more innovative, and made major scientific and technological achievements in manned spaceflight, the lunar exploration program, deep-sea projects, supercomputing, quantum information, the Fuxing high-speed train, and the manufacturing of large aircraft. A total of 55.75 million rural people were lifted out of poverty, and absolute poverty, a problem that had plagued the Chinese nation for thousands of years, was solved in a historic way, creating a miracle in the history of poverty reduction. Agricultural modernization made steady progress, and the annual grain output kept steady at over 1.3 million metric tons. The goal of granting urban residency to 100 million people living in rural areas with rural migrant workers and other permanent urban residents was successfully achieved, and solid progress was made in major regional strategies. We intensified efforts to prevent and control pollution, exceeded our targets for reducing total emissions of major pollutants, significantly increased the efficiency of resource use, and significantly improved the ecological environment. Important progress was made in addressing financial risks. Opening up continued to expand and joint efforts to build “One Belt And One Road” have yielded fruitful results. Significantly improve people’s living standard, education fairness and quality up, higher education into the popularization stage, new jobs in cities and towns more than 60 million people, built the world’s largest social security system, basic medical insurance covers more than 1.3 billion people, the basic old-age insurance covers nearly 1 billion people, urban shantytowns housing reform starts more than 23 million sets. Major strategic achievements have been made in COVID-19 prevention and control, and the capacity and capability of responding to emergencies have been greatly improved. Public cultural services have been improved, and cultural programs and industries have flourished. National defense and the armed forces improved substantially, and major changes were made in the organization of the armed forces. National security has been comprehensively strengthened and social harmony and stability maintained.

“Much starker choices-and graver consequences-in planning goal task”, China’s economic strength, technological strength, comprehensive national strength and people’s living level onto the new big stage, build a well-off society in an all-round way the great historical achievements, the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation forward a big step in the new, socialist China with a more magnificent posture tall in the east.

Section 2 China’s development environment is facing profound and complex changes

At present and for some time to come, China is still in an important period of strategic opportunities for development, but there are new developments and changes in both opportunities and challenges. The world today is undergoing profound changes unseen in a century. A new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation is gaining momentum. The international balance of power is undergoing profound adjustments. At the same time, the international environment has become increasingly complex, obviously increase the instability and uncertainty and affect wide-reaching COVID – 19 outbreak, the world economy into a downturn, economic globalization a counter-current, profound changes, the global energy supply and demand of international economic and political pattern is complicated, the world into turmoil change and unilateralism, protectionism, hegemonism pose a threat to world peace and development.

China has shifted to a stage of high-quality development, with notable institutional advantages, improved governance efficiency, long-term economic growth, a solid material foundation, abundant human resources, broad market space, strong development resilience, and overall social stability. China has many advantages and conditions for further development. At the same time, the problem of unbalanced development in our country inadequate still prominent, the task is still arduous, key areas key to reform the innovation ability is not meet the requirements for high quality development, and agriculture as the foundation is not solid, regional development and income distribution gap between urban and rural areas is larger, the ecological environmental protection has a long way, the people’s livelihood security existence, social governance and weaknesses.

Must be global strategy of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and the world as a whole from the big change in one hundred, deep understanding social principal contradictions of our country change brings new features the new requirements, understanding the complex international environment brings new challenges of new contradictions, strengthen the consciousness of opportunity and risk awareness, based on the primary stage of socialism basic national conditions, maintain strategic concentration, do a good job in their own things, recognize and grasp the law of development, carry forward the fighting spirit, enhance the struggle ability, set up the bottom line of thinking, accurate strain, initiating change, change, the scientific knowledge education opportunities in the crisis, the change in the new bureau, seize the opportunity, challenge, advantage and, forge ahead.

For economic and social development during the 14th Five-Year Plan period, we must firmly grasp the following guiding ideology, principles and strategic guidance.

Section 1 Guiding Ideology

Holding the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, thoroughly implement the party’s in the 19th and the 19th session of 2, 3, 4, fifth plenary session of the spirit, adhere to marxism-leninism, MAO zedong thought, deng xiaoping theory and “three represents” important thought, the concept of scientific development, xi jinping, the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics as a guide, fully implement the party’s basic theory, basic line, basic strategy, overall promote economic construction, political construction, cultural construction, social construction and overall layout for the construction of ecological civilization, Coordination promote the all-round construction of socialism modernization country, deepening reform and overall strategic layout of the rule of law, comprehensive governing party unswervingly implement the innovation, coordination, new development of the green, open, sharing ideas, adhere to seek improvement in stability work always tone, with the development of high quality as the theme, to deepen the reform of the supply side structural as the main line, to reform and innovation as fundamental dynamics, the good life is to meet people’s increasing need for fundamental purpose, overall development and security, speed up the construction of modern economic system, speed up the building to the domestic large cycle as the main body, domestic and international binary mutual promotion of the new development pattern, We will modernize China’s governance system and capacity, ensure steady and sustained economic growth and social stability and harmony, and make a good start for building a modern socialist country in all respects.

Section 2 Principles to be Abided by

— Upholding the overall leadership of the Party. We should uphold and improve the systems and mechanisms for the Party to lead economic and social development, uphold and improve the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and constantly improve our ability and capability to implement the new vision and new pattern of development, so as to provide a fundamental guarantee for high-quality development.

— Putting people first. Adhere to the people’s main body status, adhere to the direction of common prosperity, always do development to the people, rely on the people, development achievements Shared by the people, safeguard people’s fundamental interests, and arouse all the people’s enthusiasm, initiative and creativity, promote social justice, promote the well-being of the people’s livelihood, constantly to realize people’s yearning for a better life.

— Adhering to a new development philosophy. We should make the new vision of development complete, accurate and comprehensive throughout the whole process and in all fields of development, establish a new pattern of development, effectively change the growth model, and promote change in quality, efficiency and growth drivers to achieve better quality, more efficient, fairer, more sustainable and safer development.

— Persisting in deepening reform and opening up. Unswervingly promote reform, firm open still wider to the outside world, strengthening national modernization management system and management ability, break restrict high quality development, the institutional obstacle of high quality life, strengthening is beneficial to improve the efficiency of the allocation of resources, favorable to arousing the initiative of the whole society’s important measures of reform and opening-up, continues to enhance the momentum and energy.

— Adhere to the concept of systems. Strengthen the proactive thinking, overall planning, strategic layout, integrity, overall domestic and international two overall situation, do a good job in developing both security events and adhere to the national game, better play to the central, local and enthusiasm, focus on solid foundation, Yang advantage, for short, strong or weak, pay attention to preventing risks of resolving major challenges, realize the development quality, structure, scale, speed, efficiency, safety, unifies.

Section III Strategic Orientation

To promote high-quality development during the 14th Five-Year Plan period, we must base ourselves on the new stage of development, implement the new development philosophy, and establish a new pattern of development. Grasping the new development stage is the practical basis for implementing the new development concept and building a new development pattern. Implementing the new development concept provides the action guide for grasping the new development stage and building a new development pattern, while building a new development pattern is the strategic choice for responding to the opportunities and challenges in the new development stage and implementing the new development concept. We must continue to deepen supply-side structural reform, use innovation-driven and high-quality supply to lead and create new demand, and make the supply system more resilient and responsive to domestic demand. We must put in place an effective system for expanding domestic demand, accelerate the development of a complete system of domestic demand, strengthen demand-side management, and build a strong domestic market. We must unswervingly advance reform, remove institutional obstacles to economic circulation, and promote the circular circulation of factors of production and the linkage between production, distribution, circulation, and consumption. We must unswervingly open wider to the outside world, continue to deepen the flow of factors of production, and steadily expand institutional opening, so as to form a strong gravitational field for global factor resources based on the domestic economic cycle. It is necessary to strengthen the leading role of the domestic cycle, enhance the efficiency and level of the domestic cycle with the international cycle, and realize the mutual promotion and co-development of the domestic and international cycles.

In accordance with the strategic arrangement for comprehensively building a modern socialist country, the long-term goals for 2035 and the main goals for economic and social development during the 14th Five-Year Plan period are as follows.

Section I: Vision for 2035

Looking forward to 2035, China will basically achieve socialist modernization. China’s economic strength, scientific and technological strength, and overall national strength will increase by a large amount; its economic aggregate and per capita income of urban and rural residents will reach new heights; major breakthroughs will be made in key and core technologies; and China will become a leading innovation-oriented country. We will basically achieve a new type of industrialization, IT application, urbanization, agricultural modernization, and build a modern economic system. We will basically modernize China’s governance system and capacity, fully protect the people’s rights to equal participation and equal development, and basically build a country, a government, and a society under the rule of law. China will develop into a strong country in culture, education, human resources, sports, and health. The quality of its people and the level of social civilization will reach new heights, and China’s cultural soft power will significantly increase. We will foster a wide range of green ways of working and living, ensure stable but healthy growth after carbon emissions peak, fundamentally improve the environment, and basically achieve the goal of building a beautiful China. We opened up to the outside world in a new way, and gained new advantages in participating in international economic cooperation and competition. Per capita GDP has reached the level of moderately developed countries, the middle-income group has significantly expanded, equal access to basic public services has been achieved, and the gap in development between urban and rural areas and between regions and in people’s living standards has been significantly narrowed. China has reached a higher level of development and basically modernized its national defense and armed forces. The people are living a better life, and more substantial progress has been made in achieving all-round human development and common prosperity for all.

Section II Main Goals of Economic and Social Development in the “Fourteenth Five-Year Plan” Period

— New achievements were made in economic development. Development is the basis for and key to solve all problems in our country, the concept of development must insist on the new development, the quality efficiency improved significantly on the basis of realizing economic sustainable and healthy development, growth potential into full play, the average annual GDP growth remains within a reasonable range, the annual “as put forward, the overall Labour productivity growth is higher than the growth in gross domestic product, the domestic market even more powerful, more economic structure optimization and innovation ability significantly increased, and the whole society development investment grew by an average of more than 7%, strive to put into actual strength is higher than the” much starker choices-and graver consequences-in “period, high-level industrial foundation obviously improve the modernization level, industry chain, The foundation of agriculture will become more solid; development between urban and rural areas and between regions will become much more balanced; the urbanization rate of permanent urban residents will rise to 65%; and major progress will be made in modernizing the economic system.

— New progress was made in reform and opening up. Major progress was made in reforming the property rights system and the market-based allocation of factors of production. The system for fair competition was further improved. The new system for building an open economy at a higher level was basically in place.

— The level of social civilization has been further enhanced. Core socialist values have taken root among the people. The ideological and ethical standards, scientific and cultural standards, and physical and mental health of the people have improved significantly. The system of public cultural services and the cultural industry system have improved.

— New progress was made in ecological conservation. National spatial development pattern of protection was optimized, the production of effective lifestyle green transformation, energy utilization efficiency of resource allocation more reasonable, greatly increased, per unit of GDP energy consumption and co2 emissions reduced by 13.5% and 18% respectively, total discharge of major pollutants continue to reduce, the forest coverage rate to 24.1%, continue to improve ecological environment, ecological security barrier more solid, urban and rural living environment improved obviously.

— People’s wellbeing reached a new level. Achieve more full employment, higher quality survey control the unemployment rate within 5.5% in cities and towns, per capita disposable income growth and gross domestic product (GDP) growth basic synchronization, distribution structure obviously improved, obviously improve the equalization of basic public service level, improve the level of education, the working age population by education duration of up to 11.3 years on average, the multi-level social security system will be further improved, the basic old-age insurance rates to 95%, the health care system more perfect, life expectancy increased 1 years, poverty crucial achievement consolidated development, comprehensively promote rural revitalization strategy, Solid steps have been taken to achieve common prosperity for all.

— China’s governance efficiency has been improved. Socialist democracy under the rule of law is more perfect, social equity and justice, further state administrative system more perfect, the government role in better play, significantly improve the administrative efficiency and credibility, social governance especially obviously improve the level of management at the grassroots level guard against resolving mechanism constantly and improve the significant risk system, will markedly enhance its capability of public emergency contingency, natural disaster prevention level improved significantly, development more powerful security, great strides have been taken in strengthening national defense and military modernization.

Adhere to the innovation in the core position in the global modernization construction in our country, the free-standing self-improvement as a national strategy to support the development of science and technology, the world technological frontier, economy the main, the major national requirements, geared to the needs of the people’s life and health, in-depth implementation of the strategy relying on science and education, the strategy of reinvigorating China through human resource development, innovation-driven development strategy, improve the national innovation system, we will accelerate the development of science and technology powerhouse.

We will formulate the Program of Action for Developing China through Science and Technology, improve the new national system in a socialist market economy, fight hard in key and core technologies, and improve the overall efficiency of the innovation chain.

Section I Integration and Optimization of Scientific and Technological Resources Allocation

We will improve the combination of innovation systems based on the country’s strategic needs, and move faster to build a strategic scientific and technological force led by national laboratories. A number of national laboratories have been set up and reorganized to form a laboratory system with reasonable structure and efficient operation, focusing on quantum information, photons and micro-nano electronics, network communications, artificial intelligence, biomedicine, modern energy systems and other major innovation fields. We will improve and upgrade innovation bases such as the National Engineering Research Center and the National Center for Technological Innovation. We will optimize the allocation and resource sharing of research forces by research institutes, institutions of higher learning, and enterprises. We will support the development of new types of research universities, new types of research and development institutions and other new types of innovation entities, and promote the diversification of investment entities, modernization of management systems, market-based operation mechanisms, and flexible employment mechanisms.

The second section is to strengthen the innovation of leading science and technology

We will formulate and implement strategic science plans and scientific projects in basic and core areas bearing on overall national security and development. We will launch a number of forward-looking and strategic national science and technology projects in frontier areas such as artificial intelligence, quantum information, integrated circuits, life and health, brain science, biological breeding, space and space science, and deep earth and deep sea. Proceed from the country’s urgent and long-term needs, we will pool superior resources to tackle key and core technologies in the fields of emerging infectious diseases and biosecurity risk prevention and control, medicine and medical equipment, key components, components and basic materials, and oil and gas exploration and development.

Section III Perseverance in Strengthening Basic Research

We will strengthen the drive of applied research, encourage free exploration, formulate and implement a 10-year action plan for basic research, and focus on establishing a number of research centers in basic disciplines. We will increase government spending on basic research, improve the structure of spending, give preferential tax treatment to enterprises in basic research, and encourage investment from the public through various channels, such as donation and establishment of funds. A sustained and stable investment mechanism will be put in place, and the share of spending on basic research in R&D spending will rise to over 8%. We should establish and improve an evaluation system and incentive mechanism in line with scientific laws, carry out long-term evaluation of basic research exploration, and create a sound scientific research ecology conducive to basic research.

Section IV: Building a Major Scientific and Technological Innovation Platform

We will support the Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area in shaping themselves into international science and technology innovation centers, build comprehensive national science centers in Beijing’s Huairou, Shanghai’s Zhangjiang, the Greater Bay Area, and Anhui’s Hefei, and support local governments, where conditions permit, in building regional science and technology innovation centers. We will strengthen the innovative functions of national innovation demonstration zones, development zones for new and high technology industries, and economic and technological development zones. We will appropriately advance the deployment of major national scientific and technological infrastructure to improve its sharing and efficiency. We will intensively build natural science and technology resource repositories, national field science observation and research stations (nets) and science big data centers. We will strengthen the R&D and manufacturing of high-end scientific research instruments and equipment. We will build a high-level platform for the exchange of national research papers and scientific and technological information.

We will improve the market-driven mechanism for technological innovation, strengthen the leading role of enterprises in innovation, and encourage enterprises to gather all kinds of factors of innovation, so as to form a technological innovation system in which enterprises play the leading role, the market is the guide, and enterprises, universities, research institutes and applications are deeply integrated.

Section 1: Encouraging enterprises to increase R&D investment

We will implement more favorable policies for all, including additional tax deductions for research and development expenses and preferential tax treatment for new and high-tech enterprises. We will expand and optimize insurance compensation and incentive policies for the first major pieces of technological equipment, give full play to the role of leading and demonstrating major projects, and use government procurement policies to support innovative products and services. By improving standards, quality and competition regulations, enterprises will be encouraged to innovate. We will improve the assessment system for encouraging SOEs’ research and development, and set up a R&D reserve system for independent accounting, exemption from evaluation of value added and value maintained, and tolerance and error correction, so as to ensure that the annual growth rate of R&D expenditure in state-owned industrial enterprises of the central government significantly exceeds the national average. We will improve preferential tax policies to encourage innovation among small and medium-sized technology-based enterprises.

Section 2: Supporting the R&D of industrial generic basic technologies

We will pool resources to integrate and upgrade a number of key generic technology platforms, and support leading enterprises in the industry in cooperating with institutions of higher learning, research institutes, and upstream and downstream enterprises in the industry in building national industrial innovation centers and undertaking major national science and technology projects. We will support qualified enterprises in forming industrial research institutes through joint transformation to provide commonweal generic technology services. We will build a new generic technology platform and solve key generic technology problems across industries and fields. We will give full play to the leading and supporting role of large enterprises, support innovative micro, small and medium-sized enterprises in growing into important sources of innovation, and promote integrated innovation in the middle and downstream sectors of the industrial chain as well as among large, small and medium-sized enterprises. We will encourage local governments where conditions permit to establish mixed-ownership industrial technology institutes based on industrial clusters to serve the research and development of key generic technologies in the region.

Section Three: Improving the Service System of Enterprise Innovation

We will further open national research platforms, science and technology reports, and research data to enterprises, innovate mechanisms for the commercialization of scientific and technological achievements, and encourage the licensing of eligible scientific and technological achievements supported by government funds to small and medium-sized enterprises. We will advance the reform of institutions for making innovations and starting businesses, and build specialized market-based institutions for transferring technology and a contingent of technical managers. We will improve the financial system for supporting innovation, encourage financial institutions to develop sci-tech financial products such as intellectual property pledge financing and sci-tech insurance, and carry out trials of compensating risks in loans for commercializing scientific and technological achievements. We will make it easier for science and technology companies to get listed in China, make the Science and Technology Innovation Board more technology-oriented, improve the role of the Growth Enterprise Board in serving growing innovative and entrepreneurial enterprises, encourage angel investment and venture capital, and give better play to the role of venture capital guidance funds and private equity funds.

We will implement the principle of respecting labor, knowledge, talents and creativity, deepen reform of systems and mechanisms for personnel development, train, introduce and put to good use talents in all respects, and give full play to the role of talents as the primary resource.

Section 1 Training and Training of High-level Talents

Follow the rules of talent growth pattern and the scientific research activities, to cultivate more international first-class strategy of science and technology talents, science and technology talents and innovation team, cultivate internationally competitive youth science and technology talents reserve, relying on the major task of science and technology and major innovation base found talent, enhance support innovation. We will strengthen the training of innovative, applied and skilled personnel, carry out a program to upgrade knowledge and skills, and build up the ranks of high-level engineers and skilled personnel. We will strengthen the training of top-notch students in basic disciplines, and build bases for mathematics, physics, chemistry and other basic disciplines and cutting-edge science centers. We will implement a more open talent policy and build a research and innovation highland that gathers outstanding talents from home and abroad. We will improve the suspension and residence policy for high-end and professional foreign talents to come to China for work, research and exchange, improve the permanent residence system for foreigners in China, and explore ways to establish a skilled immigration system. We will improve the systems of salary and welfare, children’s education, social security and tax preferences to provide an internationally competitive and attractive environment for overseas scientists to work in China.

The second section inspires talents to play a better role

We will improve the evaluation and incentive mechanism for talents, improve the evaluation system for scientific and technological talents based on innovation ability, quality, effectiveness and contribution, and establish a profit distribution mechanism that fully reflects the value of innovation elements such as knowledge and technology. We will select leading and top-notch talents and grant them greater decision-making power over technological routes and the right to use funds. To loosen the constraints of scientific research personnel in an all-round way and expand the “green channel” of scientific research management. We will implement a distribution policy oriented toward increasing the value of knowledge, improve the mechanism for sharing the rights and interests of scientific and technological discoveries made by researchers on the job, explore ways to grant them ownership rights or long-term use rights to their scientific and technological discoveries, and increase their share of profits. We will deepen reform of the academician system.

Section Three: Optimizing the Ecology of Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Creativity

We will vigorously promote the spirit of scientists in the new era, strengthen the integrity of scientific research, and improve the scientific and technological ethics system. We will protect the property rights of entrepreneurs and their profits from innovation in accordance with the law, and give full play to the important role of entrepreneurs in guiding the direction of innovation, pooling talents and raising funds. We will deepen innovation, entrepreneurship and innovation, and improve the layout of demonstration centers for mass entrepreneurship and innovation. We will advocate a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship featuring dedication, lean thinking, focus and tolerance for failure, and improve mechanisms for trial and error tolerance and correction. We will promote the spirit of science and craftsmanship, carry out extensive activities to popularize science, better guide and foster young people’s interest in science, foster a social atmosphere in which they love science and advocate innovation, and raise the scientific literacy of the whole people.

We will deepen reform of the management system for science and technology, improve the national science and technology governance system, optimize the national science and technology planning system and its operational mechanism, and promote integrated allocation of projects, bases, personnel, and funds in key areas.

Section I Deepening the Reform of the Management System for Science and Technology

We will speed up the transformation of the functions of science and technology management, strengthen policy guidance for planning, create an environment for innovation, and reduce direct intervention such as assigning projects according to the amount of money they receive. We will consolidate the system for funding government research and development, focus on strategic and key areas, and stop the fragmentation of government departments. We will reform the way major science and technology projects are set up, organized and managed, and give research institutions and researchers more autonomy. We will introduce a system in which chief technical engineers assume responsibility, and implement systems such as “ranking lists” and “horse racing.” We will improve the financial support mechanism that combines awards and subsidies. We will improve the science and technology evaluation mechanism, improve the classification and evaluation system for free exploratory and task-oriented science and technology projects, establish an evaluation mechanism for non-consensus science and technology projects, and optimize science and technology reward projects. We will establish and improve a modern system of research institutes, and support research institutions in experimenting with more flexible management systems for staffing, positions, and salaries. We will establish a sound mechanism for the free and orderly flow of innovation resources among institutions of higher learning, research institutions, and enterprises. We will continue to carry out trials of comprehensive innovation reform.

Section II Improving the System for Intellectual Property Protection and Application

We will implement the strategy of strengthening China’s intellectual property rights, implement a strict intellectual property protection system, improve laws and regulations related to intellectual property rights, and accelerate legislation on intellectual property rights in new fields and forms of business. We will strengthen judicial protection and administrative law enforcement of intellectual property rights, improve the systems of arbitration, mediation, notarization, and assistance for safeguarding rights, improve the system of punitive damages for intellectual property infringement, and increase compensation for damages. We will improve the patent subsidy and reward policies and the evaluation and evaluation mechanism, better protect and encourage high-value patents, and foster patent-intensive industries. We will reform the ownership and distribution mechanism of state-owned intellectual property rights, and expand the decision-making power of research institutions and institutions of higher learning in the handling of intellectual property rights. We will improve the intangible assets appraisal system and form a management mechanism that coordinates incentives with supervision. A public service platform for IPR protection and application will be established.

Section 3. Actively Promoting Science and Technology Opening and Cooperation

We will implement a strategy of international scientific and technological cooperation that is more open, inclusive, mutually beneficial and shared, and take a more active part in the global innovation network. We will promote practical international scientific and technological cooperation in global epidemic prevention and control, public health and other fields, and strengthen joint research and development with researchers from other countries on issues such as climate change and human health. We will actively design and lead the launch of international big science plans and projects, and give full play to the unique role of the Science Foundation. We will open our national science and technology programs wider to the outside world, launch a number of major science and technology cooperation programs, study the establishment of a global scientific research fund, and carry out a scientist exchange program. We will support the establishment of international science and technology organizations in China and foreign scientists taking positions in science and technology academic organizations in China.

We will continue to focus our economic development on the real economy. We will move faster to make China a manufacturer of goods and quality of goods. We will further integrate advanced manufacturing with modern service industries, strengthen the leading role of infrastructure, and build a modern industrial system featuring coordinated development of the real economy, scientific and technological innovation, modern finance and human resources.

We will ensure that China’s manufacturing sector is independent and controllable, secure and efficient, upgrade its industrial base and modernize its industrial chain, keep the share of the manufacturing sector basically stable, enhance its competitive edge, and promote high-quality development of the sector.

Section I Strengthening Capacity Building for Industrial Infrastructure

We will carry out the project to rebuild the industrial infrastructure, and move faster to improve the bottleneck areas such as basic spare parts and components, basic software, basic materials, basic processes, and industrial and technological infrastructure. Relying on leading enterprises in the industry, we will intensify efforts to tackle key problems in important products and key core technologies, and accelerate breakthroughs in engineering and industrialization. We will carry out major projects to tackle key technological and equipment problems, improve the incentive and risk compensation mechanisms, and promote the demonstration and application of the first equipment (sets), the first batch of materials, and the first edition of software. A sound industrial foundation support system, the layout of a batch of national manufacturing innovation center in key areas, improve the quality of national infrastructure, construction production application demonstration platform and standard measurement, certification and accreditation, inspection testing, test industrial technology basic public service platform, such as perfect technology, technology and other industrial foundation database.

Section Two: Enhancing the Modernization Level of Industrial Chain and Supply Chain

We should combine economy with safety, strengthen weak links and forge long ones, design supply chain strategies and implement targeted policies in different industries, and build a safer and more reliable industrial chain and supply chain with greater innovation, higher added value, and greater reliability. We will strengthen manufacturing chains, strengthen resources, technology, and equipment support, strengthen international industrial security cooperation, and diversify industrial chains and supply chains. Based on industrial scale advantages, supporting advantages and first-mover advantages in some areas, we will consolidate and improve the competitiveness of the whole industrial chain in the fields of high-speed railway, electric power equipment, new energy and shipping, and build a strategic overall industrial chain starting from complete machine products that meet the direction of future industrial reform. We will improve the distribution of the regional industrial chain, guide key links in the industrial chain to stay in China, and strengthen the capacity of the central, western and northeastern regions to accept industrial relocation. We will carry out a project to reserve the production capacity of emergency products, and build regional bases to ensure the production of emergency supplies. We will carry out the pilot enterprise cultivation project and cultivate a number of leading enterprises with ecological dominance and core competitiveness. We will encourage small and medium-sized enterprises to enhance their advantages in specialization, and foster specialized and innovative “little giant” enterprises and single champion enterprises in manufacturing. We will strengthen the assessment of technology, economy and security, and carry out the survey and evaluation project for industrial competitiveness.

Section III Promoting the Optimization and Upgrading of Manufacturing Industry

We will fully implement smart and green manufacturing projects, develop new models of service-oriented manufacturing, and make manufacturing high-end, intelligent, and green. We will foster clusters of advanced manufacturing industries, and promote the innovative development of industries such as integrated circuits, aerospace, shipbuilding and ocean engineering equipment, robotics, advanced rail transit equipment, advanced electric power equipment, construction machinery, high-end CNC machine tools, and medicine and medical equipment. We will transform and upgrade traditional industries; improve the distribution and structural adjustment of raw material industries such as petrochemicals, steel, non-ferrous metals, and building materials; increase the supply of quality products such as light industry and textiles; accelerate the transformation and upgrading of enterprises in key industries such as chemical engineering and paper making; and improve the green manufacturing system. We will fully implement the program to enhance the core competitiveness of the manufacturing sector and upgrade its technologies, and encourage enterprises to apply advanced and applicable technologies, upgrade equipment, and scale up the application of new products. We will build demonstration factories for smart manufacturing and improve the standard system for smart manufacturing. We will further implement the quality improvement campaign and encourage manufacturing products to “increase variety, improve quality, and create brand names”.

Section IV Implementing the Action to Reduce Cost and Burden in Manufacturing Industry

We will strengthen the protection of factors of production and provide efficient services, consolidate and expand our achievements in cutting taxes and fees, lower the cost of production and operation for enterprises, and make manufacturing more rooted in China and more competitive. We will increase the capacity and efficiency of industrial land use and promote new models of industrial land use. We will expand medium – and long-term loans and credit loans to the manufacturing sector, increase loans for technological upgrading, and encourage equity investment and bond financing to favor the manufacturing sector. We will allow all manufacturing enterprises to participate in market-based transactions in the electricity sector, standardize or lower logistics charges for ports, shipping, road and rail transportation, and comprehensively review and standardize charges related to enterprises. We will establish a full-cycle service mechanism for major manufacturing projects and a system for entrepreneurs to participate in the formulation of enterprise-related policies, and support the development of comprehensive service platforms for SMEs in the fields of information, technology, import and export, and digital transformation.

With a view to seizing opportunities for future industrial development, we will foster leading and pillar industries, and promote integrated, clustered and ecological development of strategic emerging industries. The added value of strategic emerging industries will account for more than 17% of GDP.

Section 1 Constructing the New Pillar of Industrial System

We will focus on strategic emerging industries such as new-generation information technology, biotechnology, new energy, new materials, high-end equipment, new-energy vehicles, green and environmental protection, and aerospace and Marine equipment. We will accelerate the innovative application of key and core technologies, enhance our ability to guarantee factors of production, and foster and strengthen new drivers of industrial development. We will promote integrated innovation in biotechnology and information technology, accelerate the development of industries such as biomedicine, bio-breeding, biomaterials, and bio-energy, and make the bio-economy bigger and stronger. We will deepen the promotion and application of the BDS and promote high-quality development of the BDS industry. We will deepen the project to develop national strategic emerging industrial clusters, improve the mechanisms for organizing, managing and professionalizing industrial clusters, develop a complex of innovation and public services, and build a number of growth engines for strategic emerging industries that have their own characteristics, complement each other’s strengths, and have a reasonable structure. We will encourage technological innovation and enterprise mergers and reorganizations, and prevent low-level and redundant construction. We will give full play to the guiding role of industrial investment funds and increase financing guarantees and risk compensation.

Section Two: Prospect and Plan the Future Industry

Organize and implement plans for future industry incubation and acceleration, and plan the layout of a number of future industries in such cutting-edge technologies and industrial reform fields as brain-like intelligence, quantum information, gene technology, future network, deep-sea and space-space development, hydrogen energy and energy storage. In regions with prominent scientific and educational resources and a strong industrial foundation, a number of national institutes of future industrial technology will be set up to strengthen multi-path exploration and integration of cutting-edge technologies and supply of subversive technologies. Demonstration projects of industrial cross-border integration will be implemented to create future technology application scenarios and accelerate the formation of several future industries.

Focusing on the needs of industrial transformation and upgrading and the upgrading of consumer spending, we will expand the effective supply of service industries, improve service efficiency and quality, and build a new service industry system with high quality and efficiency, optimized structure and strong competitiveness.

Section I Promoting the Integrated Development of Producer Services

We will encourage producer services to become more specialized and move up the value chain, with the development of high-quality service manufacturing as our guide. We will focus on improving industrial innovation and accelerate the development of services such as R&D, industrial design, business consulting, and inspection, testing and certification. We will focus on improving the efficiency of factor allocation and promote the innovative development of supply chain finance, information data, human resources and other services. We will focus on strengthening the advantages of the whole industrial chain, and improve the development level of modern logistics, procurement and distribution, production control, operation management, and after-sales service. We will promote the deeper integration of modern service industries with advanced manufacturing and modern agriculture, deepen business connections, extend chains, and penetrate technologies, and support the development of new types of specialized service organizations such as intelligent manufacturing system solutions and process reengineering. Fostering service enterprises with international competitiveness.

Section 2 Accelerating the Development of Quality Life Service Industry

We will promote the upgrading of consumer service industries to high quality and diversification with the guidance of improving convenience and service experience. We will accelerate the development of health, elderly care, childcare, culture, tourism, sports, and property management services, strengthen the supply of public welfare and basic services, and expand the supply of all kinds of services that cover the whole life cycle. We will continue to improve the quality and expand the capacity of the domestic service industry and integrate it with smart communities and elderly care and childcare. We will encourage innovation in the forms and models of business circulation, promote digital and intelligent transformation and cross-border integration, and meet consumer demand through all channels online and offline. We will move faster to improve standards for old-age care, housekeeping and other services, improve the certification and recognition system for consumer services, and promote the honest and professional development of consumer services.

Section 3 Deepening Reform and Opening Up in the Service Sector

We will open the service sector wider to the outside world, further relax market access, remove all unreasonable restrictions, and encourage non-government forces to expand the supply of diversified and multi-tiered services. We will improve the policy system for supporting the development of the service sector, and make innovations in land, fiscal, taxation, financial, and pricing policies that meet the needs of new forms and models of service businesses and integrated industrial development. We will improve the system of service quality standards and strengthen their implementation and promotion. We will accelerate the formulation of regulatory catalogues, procedures and standards for key service sectors, and build an efficient and coordinated regulatory system for the service sector. We will improve the system for assessing professional titles for personnel in the service sector, and encourage them to participate in vocational skills training and appraisal. We will further pilot comprehensive reform of the service sector and open it wider to the outside world.

We will promote the development of both traditional and new types of infrastructure in a coordinated way, and build a modern infrastructure system that is comprehensive, efficient and practical, smart, green, safe and reliable.

Section 1 Accelerating the Construction of New Infrastructure

To strengthen support for digital transformation, smart upgrading, and integrated innovation, we will develop new types of infrastructure, including information infrastructure, integrated infrastructure, and innovation infrastructure. We will build a high-speed, ubiquitous, integrated, interconnected, safe and efficient information infrastructure to enhance data perception, transmission, storage and computing capabilities. We will accelerate the large-scale deployment of 5G networks, increase the user penetration rate to 56%, and promote the upgrading of gigabit fiber networks. Prospective layout of 6G network technology reserves. We expanded the capacity of backbone Internet connections, set up a new number of international communications ports and exits, and comprehensively promoted the deployment of Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) for commercial use. We will carry out the project to improve the infrastructure networks of small and medium-sized cities in the central and western regions. We will promote the comprehensive development of the Internet of Things (IoT), and build the ability to connect things in a way that supports the integration of solid and mobile devices and the combination of width and width. We will accelerate the establishment of a nationwide integrated big data center system, strengthen coordinated and intelligent scheduling of computing power, build a number of national hub nodes and clusters of big data centers, and build E-class and 10E-class supercomputing centers. We will actively yet prudently develop the industrial Internet and the Internet of Vehicles. We will develop a space infrastructure system for communications, navigation and remote sensing that covers the world and operates efficiently, and develop commercial space launch sites. We will accelerate the digital transformation of traditional infrastructure such as transportation, energy and municipal services, and strengthen the development of ubiquitous awareness, terminal networking, and intelligent dispatch systems. We will give play to the leading role of the market, open up diversified investment channels, and establish a new standard system for infrastructure.

Section 2 Accelerating the Building of a Transport Power

We will develop a modern and comprehensive transport system, promote the integrated development of various modes of transport, and improve network effect and operational efficiency. We will improve comprehensive transport corridors, strengthen the construction of strategic key transport routes connecting Xinjiang with Tibet, the central and western regions, and the Yangtze River, coastal and border areas. We will work in an orderly manner to upgrade and expand the capacity of the transport routes that strain capacity, and strengthen connectivity with neighboring countries. We will build a high-speed network, with the “eight vertical and eight horizontal” high-speed railways running through the network, improve the quality of the national expressway network, and speed up the development of world-class ports and airports. We will improve the trunk railway network, speed up the development of general railway lines and the electrification of existing railways, improve the distribution of passenger and freight railroads, connect and upgrade bottlenecking sections of national and provincial highways, expand and upgrade the capacity of high-grade inland waterways, steadily develop feeder airports, general airports and cargo airports, and actively develop general aviation. We will improve postal facilities and carry out a project to send express delivery services to villages, factories and overseas. We will promote the integration of transportation in urban agglomerations and urban circles, accelerate the development of intercity and municipal (suburban) railways, build a loop system of expressways, and promote the orderly development of urban rail transit. We will increase transportation accessibility, promote the construction of regional railways, speed up the construction of roads from border to border, continue to promote the construction of good rural roads, and improve road safety facilities. China will build a multi-tiered, integrated and comprehensive transport hub system, improve the layout of terminals and stations at its hubs, promote intensive and comprehensive development, improve the collection and distribution system, develop multi-modal passenger and cargo transport, and promote one-stop and single-order transport services throughout the whole process. We will move forward with the construction of an assembly center for China-Europe freight trains. We will deepen the reform of railway enterprises, comprehensively deepen the reform of the air traffic control system, and promote the reform of the highway tolling system and maintenance system.

Section 3: Building a Modern Energy System

We will advance the energy revolution, build a clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient energy system, and improve our ability to guarantee energy supply. Speed up the development of non-fossil energy sources, insist on the centralized and distributed simultaneously, vigorously promote wind power, photovoltaic power generation scale, speed up the development of east-central distributed energy, and orderly development of offshore wind power, speed up the construction of hydropower bases in the southwest, safety driving coastal nuclear power construction, the construction of a batch can complement each other clean energy base, non-fossil energy accounted for the proportion of the total energy consumption to around 20%. We will promote the concentration of coal production in resource-rich areas, appropriately control the scale and pace of coal-power development, and promote the substitution of coal with electricity. We will liberalize market access for oil and gas exploration and development in an orderly manner, accelerate the use of deep-sea, deep-seated and unconventional oil and gas resources, and promote the increase of oil and gas reserves and production. Develop and utilize geothermal energy according to local conditions. Improve the utilization rate of UHV transmission channels. Accelerate the reform of intelligent grid infrastructure and smart grid construction, improve the power system is complementary each other aid and intelligent adjustment ability, strengthen the source network charge storage cohesion, promote clean energy given and storage capacity, improve power transmission and distribution capacity to remote regions, promote the coal flexibility, accelerate the construction of pumped storage power station and large-scale new energy storage applications. We will improve the trans-regional transport routes for coal and the collection and distribution system, speed up the construction of major natural gas pipelines, and improve the network of oil and gas connectivity.

Section IV Strengthening the Construction of Water Conservancy Infrastructure

Based on the balanced allocation of water resources in river basins as a whole and in space, we will strengthen the improvement and protection of trans-administrative river systems and the construction of key projects, strengthen the coordination of large, medium, and micro-sized water conservancy facilities, and improve our ability to optimize the allocation of water resources and prevent flood and drought disasters. We will give high priority to saving water, improve the system for allocating water resources, develop key projects for allocating water resources, and strengthen the construction of key water sources and urban emergency and backup water sources. We will carry out flood control projects to improve flood control, address weak links in flood control, speed up the construction of key flood control projects, harness small and medium-sized rivers, reinforce dilemidated reservoirs, and comprehensively advance the construction of embankments and flood storage and detention areas. We will strengthen the protection and restoration of water conservation areas, strengthen the protection and comprehensive improvement of key rivers and lakes, and restore the water ecosystem with clear waters and green coastal areas.

Adhere to the strategic basis points, to expand domestic demand to speed up cultivating a complete system of domestic demand, to implement the strategy of expanding domestic demand to deepen the supply side of the organic combination of structural reforms, driven by innovation, high quality supply lead and create new demand, accelerate the establishment in domestic large cycle as the main body, domestic and international new development pattern of two-cycle promote each other.

By relying on a strong domestic market, we will achieve a higher dynamic balance between production, distribution, distribution and consumption, in which demand drives supply and supply creates demand, and promote a virtuous cycle in the national economy.

The first section is to improve the adaptability of the supply system

We will deepen supply-side structural reform and enhance our ability to adapt supply to lead and create new demand. In response to personalized, differentiated and quality-oriented consumer demand, we will promote innovation in production models and industrial organization methods, continue to expand the supply of high-quality consumer goods and medium – and high-end products as well as the supply of education, medical care, elderly care and other services, improve the quality of products and services and customer satisfaction, and promote coordination and matching between supply and demand. We will improve and upgrade the supply mix, and promote the coordinated development of agriculture, manufacturing, the service industry, energy and resources. We will improve the industrial supporting system, speed up the marketization of competitive links in natural monopoly industries, and effectively link upstream and downstream sectors with production, supply and marketing. We will improve the long-term market-based and law-based mechanisms for reducing excess capacity, and improve laws, regulations and supporting policies for enterprise mergers and reorganizations. We will establish a sound system for grading quality, and accelerate the upgrading of standards and the application of international standards. We will carry out a campaign to create Chinese brands, protect and develop time-honored Chinese brands, enhance the influence and competitiveness of our own brands, and take the lead in cultivating a number of high-end brands in consumer goods such as cosmetics, clothing, home textiles and electronic products.

The second section promotes the smooth flow of resource elements

We should remove barriers to the rational flow of factors of production, correct the imbalance and misallocation of resources and factors of production, and unblock the circulation of the national economy at its source. We will improve the financial sector’s ability to serve the real economy, improve the institutional arrangements for the supply of medium – and long-term funds to the real economy, innovate financial products and services that directly reach the real economy, and enhance the financing function of the multi-tiered capital market. We will implement a long-term mechanism for the steady and sound development of the real estate market and promote balanced development of the real estate market and the real economy. We will effectively improve the skills of our workers, raise the quality of employment and incomes, and create a virtuous cycle of upgrading human capital and industrial transformation and upgrading. We will improve the mechanism for the free flow of factors of production between urban and rural areas, build a pattern of gradient transfer of industries among regions, and promote sound interactions between urban and rural areas and between regions.

Section 3 Strengthening the Supporting Role of the Circulation System

We will deepen reform of the distribution system, unblock channels for the distribution of goods and services, improve distribution efficiency, and reduce transaction costs across society. We will accelerate the building of a unified domestic market, improve the market environment based on advanced international rules and best practices, promote coordination and unification of standards, rules and policies of different regions and industries, and effectively abolish local protection, industry monopolies and market segmentation. Construction of modern logistics system, speed up the development of cold chain logistics, logistics hub facilities as a whole, backbone line, regional distribution center, and terminal distribution node construction, improve the facilities conditions of national logistics hub, backbone cold-chain logistics base, the country will perfect the three-level (county rural logistics distribution system, the development of high-speed rail express railway and fast freight products, such as strengthening the construction of international air cargo capacity, promote the competitiveness of the international ocean shipping. We will improve international logistics channels and speed up the establishment of a secure and efficient logistics network that connects China and other countries. We will improve the modern commerce distribution system, foster a number of globally competitive modern commerce enterprises, support the upgrading of convenience stores, farmers’ markets and other commerce distribution facilities, develop contactless transaction services, and strengthen standardization and green development of commerce distribution. We will accelerate the establishment of an emergency logistics system with sufficient reserves, rapid response and strong shock resistance.

Section Four: Perfecting the Policy System for Promoting the Great Domestic Circulation

We will maintain appropriate levels of government spending and deficit-to-GDP ratios, improve policies for reducing taxes and fees, and establish a tax system that helps businesses expand investment, increase research and development spending, adjust income distribution, and ease the burden on consumers. We will maintain reasonably sufficient liquidity, ensure that the growth of the money supply and nongovernmental financing is basically in line with nominal economic growth, innovate structural policy tools, guide financial institutions to increase support to key areas and weak links, and standardize the development of consumer credit. We will make industrial policies more inclusive and functional, strengthen the fundamental role of competition policy, and support technological innovation and structural upgrading. We will improve the system of income distribution, social security and public services that are commensurate with the level of economic development.

We should build a strong domestic market and trade power in a coordinated way, build a strong global gravitational field of resources and factors, promote balanced development of domestic demand and external demand, import and export, and foreign investment and overseas investment, and speed up efforts to cultivate new advantages in international cooperation and competition.

Section I Promoting Coordinated Development of Import and Export

We will improve the integrated regulation system for domestic and foreign trade, promote coordination between domestic and foreign trade laws and regulations, regulatory systems, business qualifications, quality standards, inspection and quarantine, and certification and accreditation, and promote the uniformity of lines, standards, and quality. We will lower import tariffs and government-imposed costs, import more high-quality consumer goods, advanced technology, important equipment, energy and resources, and diversify the sources of imports. We will improve export policies, improve the quality and mix of exports, and steadily increase the added value of exports. We will improve the layout of the international market, guide enterprises to deepen their efforts in traditional export markets and develop emerging markets, expand trade with neighboring countries, and stabilize their international market share. We will promote the transformation and upgrading of processing trade, deepen the development of bases for the transformation and upgrading of foreign trade, areas under special customs supervision, trade promotion platforms, and international marketing service networks, accelerate the development of new models of cross-border e-commerce and market procurement trade, encourage the construction of overseas warehouses, and ensure the smooth operation of the industrial and supply chains of foreign trade. We will make innovations in developing trade in services, build pilot and open platforms for the innovative development of trade in services, and upgrade the digitization of trade. We will implement the project to integrate trade and investment. We will successfully host China International Import Expo, China Import and Export Fair, China International Trade in Services Fair and other exhibitions.

Section 2 Raising the Level of Two-way International Investment

We should attach equal importance to “bringing in” and “going global”, make efficient use of global resources, factors and market space through high-level two-way investment, improve the mechanism for ensuring industrial chains and supply chains, and enhance industrial competitiveness. We will make greater efforts to attract and utilize foreign investment, and open up related businesses in such areas as telecommunications, the Internet, education, culture, and medical care in an orderly manner. Comprehensive optimization of the foreign investment service, strengthen the foreign investment promotion and protection of foreign investment projects play a major demonstration effect, support to foreign investment in high-end manufacturing, high-tech, transformation and upgrading of traditional manufacturing, modern services and the Midwest in such fields as investment, supporting foreign-funded enterprises set up r&d center and to participate in national science and technology plan projects. We will encourage foreign-invested enterprises to reinvest their profits. We will continue to play the role of enterprises, make innovations in the way we invest overseas, improve the mix and distribution of overseas investment, and improve our ability to prevent risks and increase returns. We will improve overseas production and service networks and distribution systems, accelerate the internationalization of producer services such as finance, consulting, accounting and law, and encourage Chinese products, services, technologies, brands and standards to go global. We will support enterprises in integrating into global industrial chains and supply chains, and improve their capabilities and capabilities in cross-border operations. We will guide enterprises to strengthen compliance management and guard against and defuse political, economic, security and other risks abroad. We will promote the development of multilateral and bilateral investment cooperation mechanisms, improve policies and service systems for promoting and guaranteeing overseas investment, and promote legislation on overseas investment.

We will fully implement the strategy of expanding domestic demand, strengthen the basic role of consumption in economic development and the key role of investment in improving the supply structure, and build a strong domestic market with strong demand for consumption and investment.

Section 1 Promoting Consumption in an All-round Way

In line with the trend of upgrading consumer spending, we will combine increasing consumption with improving the quality of people’s lives, promote green, healthy and safe consumption, and steadily raise consumer spending. We will increase traditional consumption, accelerate the shift from purchase management to use management of automobiles and other consumer goods, improve the compulsory scrapping system and the recycling and disposal system for consumer durables such as used home appliances and consumer electronics, and promote the healthy development of housing consumption. We will foster new types of consumption, develop information consumption, digital consumption, and green consumption, and encourage the development of new business models and forms such as customized, experiential, smart, and fashion consumption. We will develop consumption of services, relax market access for consumption of services, improve the quality and capacity of consumption in education and training, medical and health care, elderly care and childcare, cultural, tourism and sports, and accelerate integrated development of online and offline services. We will appropriately increase public consumption and improve the efficiency of spending on public services. We will increase holiday spending, improve the holiday system, and fully implement the system of paid vacations. We will foster and build international consumption center cities and a number of regional consumption centers. We will improve the integrated consumption network between urban and rural areas, expand the coverage of e-commerce in rural areas, improve the consumption environment at the county level, and promote the upgrading of rural consumption. We will improve the policy on duty-free shops in cities and plan to build a number of duty-free shops in cities with Chinese characteristics. We will take measures both to increase personal income and to reduce the burden on people, expand the middle-income group, and continue to unleash the potential of consumption. We will strengthen the protection of consumers’ rights and interests, improve quality standards and post-evaluation systems, improve systems for recalling defective products, monitoring product injuries, and guaranteeing product quality, and improve the mechanism for safeguarding rights and resolving disputes among diversified consumers.

Section 2 Expand Investment Space

We will improve the investment structure, raise the efficiency of investment, and maintain appropriate growth in investment. We will move faster to strengthen areas of weakness in infrastructure, public works, agriculture and rural areas, public security, environmental protection, public health, material stockpiling, disaster prevention and mitigation, and ensuring people’s wellbeing. We will encourage enterprises to upgrade equipment and technology, and increase investment in strategic emerging industries. We will advance the construction of major projects such as new types of infrastructure, new types of urbanization, and transportation and water conservancy projects that both promote consumption and benefit people’s lives and make structural adjustments to increase sustainable development. Service-oriented country important strategy, implement the sichuan-tibet railway, the west Lu Haixin channel, national water channel, the lower reaches of the yarlung zangbo river hydropower development, interstellar detection, beidou industrialization, such as major projects, promote the important scientific research facilities, major protection and restoration of ecosystem, the public health emergency safeguard, major water diversion, flood control and disaster reduction, transmission gas and border areas along the coastal transportation a batch of strong base, increase function, the long-term construction of major projects. We will deepen reform of the investment and financing systems, give full play to the role of government investment as a catalyst, stimulate the vitality of private investment, and create an internal mechanism for market-led investment growth. We will improve the mechanism for project planning, reserve, and promotion, strengthen the guarantee of capital, land use and other factors, and accelerate the implementation of investment projects to achieve results. We will promote public-private partnership (PPP) in a well-regulated and orderly way, promote the sound development of real estate investment trusts (REITs) in infrastructure, and effectively put existing assets to good use, so as to create a virtuous circle between existing assets and new investment.

To embrace the digital age, we should activate the potential of data factors, promote the building of a cyber power, speed up the building of a digital economy, a digital society, and a digital government, and use digital transformation to drive the transformation of modes of production, lifestyles and governance as a whole.

We should make full use of the advantages of massive data and rich application scenarios, promote the deep integration of digital technology with the real economy, empower the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, foster new industries, new forms and models of business, and strengthen new engines of economic development.

Section I Strengthening the Innovative Application of Key Digital Technologies

Focusing on high-end chips, operating systems, key algorithms of artificial intelligence, sensors and other key fields, we will accelerate research and development breakthroughs and iterative applications of basic theories, basic algorithms, equipment materials and other key fields. We will strengthen integrated research and development of universal processors, cloud computing systems and core software technologies. Speed up the layout of quantum computation, quantum communication, neural chip, DNA stored in cutting-edge technologies, such as strengthening the information science and life science, materials and other basic subjects innovation, support the development of digital technology, the open source community such innovation association, perfect the open intellectual property rights and legal system, encourage enterprises to open software source code, hardware design and application services.

Section 2 Accelerating the Promotion of Digital Industrialization

We will foster and strengthen emerging digital industries such as artificial intelligence, big data, blockchain, cloud computing, and cyber security, and raise the level of industries such as communications equipment, core electronic components and key software. We will develop a 5G-based application scenario and industrial ecology, and carry out pilot demonstrations in key areas such as smart transportation, smart logistics, smart energy and smart medical care. We will encourage enterprises to open up their search, e-commerce and social data, and develop a third-party big data service industry. We will promote the healthy development of the sharing economy and platform economy.

Section Three: Promoting Industrial Digital Transformation

Implementing the action of “Enabling Intelligence with Data in the Cloud” to promote the coordinated transformation of the whole industry chain with data enabling. In key industries and regions, we will build a number of world-class industrial Internet platforms and digital transformation promotion centers, deepen the digital application of R&D, design, production and manufacturing, operation and management, and market services, foster and develop new models of personalized customization and flexible manufacturing, and accelerate the digital transformation of industrial parks. We will deepen the digital transformation of the service sector, and foster new growth areas such as crowdsourced design, smart logistics, and new retail. We will accelerate the development of smart agriculture and digitize agricultural production, operation and management services.

We should adapt to the new trend that digital technology is fully integrated into social interactions and daily life, promote innovation in the way public services and social operations are conducted, and create a digital life that the people can enjoy.

Section I Provision of Intelligent and Convenient Public Services

Focusing on key areas such as education, medical care, elderly care, children’s care, employment, sports and sports, and assistance to the disabled, we will promote the application of digital services for all, and continue to enhance the people’s sense of gain. We will digitize resources in schools, hospitals, nursing homes and other public service institutions, and make greater efforts to open up, share and apply them. We will promote the common development and integration of online and offline public services, actively develop online classrooms, online hospitals, and smart libraries, support high-level public service institutions in connecting with community-level, remote and underdeveloped areas, and expand the coverage of quality public service resources. We will strengthen the development of smart courts. We will encourage non-government sectors to participate in the Internet Plus Public Services initiative and make innovations in service models and products.

Section 2: Building Smart Cities and Digital Countryside

We will promote innovation in urban and rural development and governance models through digitalization, and comprehensively improve operational efficiency and livability. We will push forward the development of new smart cities on a tiered and classified basis, integrate Internet of Things sensing facilities and communication systems into the unified planning and construction of public infrastructure, and promote the application and intelligent renovation of the Internet of Things in municipal public facilities and buildings. We will improve the urban information model platform and operation management service platform, build an urban data resource system, and promote the construction of an urban data brain. We will explore the construction of digital twin cities. We will accelerate the construction of digital villages, build a comprehensive information service system for agriculture and rural areas, establish a mechanism for providing agriculture-related information to all, and promote the digitalization of rural management services.

The third section constructs the beautiful digital life new prospect

We will digitize shopping, consumption, home life, tourism, leisure and transportation, and create a new type of digital life in which wisdom is shared and people live in harmony and co-governance. Promote the construction of smart communities, relying on the community digital platform and offline community service agencies, build a smart service circle for the convenience and benefit of the people, and provide online and offline integration of community life services, community governance and public services, intelligent communities and other services. Enrich the digital life experience and develop the digital family. We will strengthen digital skills education and training for all, and promote digital literacy for all citizens. We will move faster to make information barrier-free and help the elderly and the disabled share their digital lives.

Digital technology will be widely used in government management services, promote the process reengineering and model optimization of government governance, and constantly improve the scientific decision-making and service efficiency.

Section I Strengthening Open Sharing of Public Data

We will establish a sound national public data resource system, ensure the security of public data, and promote the integration, integration and in-depth utilization of data across departments, levels and regions. We will improve the system for cataloging data resources and listing responsibilities, enhance the functions of the national data sharing and exchange platform, and deepen the sharing and utilization of basic national information resources such as population, legal persons, and spatial geography. We will expand the security and orderly opening up of basic public information data, explore ways to integrate public data services into the public service system, build a unified national public data opening platform and ports for development and utilization, and give priority to making high-value data sets such as enterprise registration and regulation, health, transportation, and meteorology available to the public. We will carry out trials to authorize the operation of government data, and encourage third parties to deepen the mining and utilization of public data.

Section II: Promoting the Co-construction and Sharing of Informatization in Government Affairs

We will strengthen the overall planning of informationization in government affairs, improve the list of informationization projects in government affairs, continue to deepen the integration of government information systems, develop major information systems for governance capacity, rule of law, economic governance, market regulation, public security, and the ecological environment, and improve the ability of cross-departmental coordination in governance. We will improve the national e-government network, intensively develop a government cloud platform and data center system, and promote cloud migration of government information systems. We will strengthen the rapid iteration of IT application in government affairs, and enhance the capability of rapid deployment and flexible expansion of government information systems.

Section 3 Improving the Effectiveness of Digital Government Services

We will make government operations, business processes and service models more digital and intelligent. We will deepen the “Internet Plus Government Services” model and improve the functions of online service platforms that integrate the whole process. We will speed up the establishment of a mechanism to assist government decision-making with digital technology, and improve the level of accurate and dynamic monitoring, prediction and early warning based on high-frequency big data. We will strengthen the application of digital technology in responding to public health, natural disasters, accidents and disasters, social security and other public emergencies, and comprehensively improve our capabilities for early warning and emergency response.

We should attach equal importance to delegating power and regulation, promote the integration of development and standardized management, build a system of digital rules, and foster an open, healthy and secure digital ecosystem.

The first section establishes and improves the data factor market rules

We will coordinate data development and utilization, privacy protection, and public security, and accelerate the establishment of basic systems, standards and norms for data resource property rights, transaction circulation, cross-border transmission, and security protection. We will establish and improve data property rights trading and industrial self-discipline mechanisms, foster standardized data trading platforms and market players, and develop market operation systems for data assets evaluation, registration and settlement, transaction matching, dispute arbitration, and so on. We will strengthen data protection involving national interests, trade secrets and personal privacy, accelerate basic legislation on data security and protection of personal information, and strengthen protection of data resources throughout the life cycle. We will improve the data classification and classification protection system applicable to the environment of big data. We will strengthen data security assessments and promote the safe and orderly flow of data across borders.

Section 2: Creating a Normalized and Orderly Policy Environment

We will build a system of policies and regulations that are compatible with the development of the digital economy. We will improve the management of the sharing economy, platform economy, and new individual economy, clean up unreasonable administrative permits, qualifications and qualifications, and support platform enterprises in innovating and developing and enhancing their international competitiveness. We will strengthen economic oversight of Internet platforms in accordance with the law and regulations, clarify the positioning of companies on these platforms and regulatory rules, improve laws and regulations on monopoly identification, and crack down on monopoly and unfair competition. We will explore the establishment of regulatory frameworks for autonomous driving, online medical care, financial technology, and intelligent delivery, and improve relevant laws and regulations as well as rules for ethical review. We will improve the digital economy statistics and monitoring system.

Section III Strengthening Cyber Security Protection

We will improve national cybersecurity laws, regulations and institutional standards, and strengthen the security of data resources and networks and information systems in key areas. We will establish a sound system for protecting critical information infrastructure, and improve our ability to protect and maintain political security. Strengthen cybersecurity risk assessment and review. We will strengthen the development of cyber security infrastructure, strengthen cross-domain information sharing and coordination on cyber security, and improve the capabilities of cyber security threat detection, monitoring and early warning, emergency response command, and attack traceability. We will strengthen research and development of key cybersecurity technologies, speed up innovation in artificial intelligence security technologies, and enhance the comprehensive competitiveness of the cybersecurity industry. We will strengthen publicity, education and personnel training on cyber security.

Section 4: Building a Community of Shared Future in Cyberspace

We should promote international exchanges and cooperation in cyberspace and work out international rules for digital and cyberspace, with the United Nations as the main channel and the UN Charter as the basic principles. We should promote the establishment of a multilateral, democratic and transparent global Internet governance system, and put in place fairer and more equitable mechanisms for governance of Internet infrastructure and resources. Actively participating in the formulation of international rules and digital technology standards for data security, digital currency, digital tax, etc. We will promote the development of a global cybersecurity cooperation mechanism, and establish an international coordination and cooperation mechanism for protecting data elements, handling cybersecurity incidents and cracking down on cybercrimes. We will provide less developed countries with digital assistance such as technology, equipment and services so that all countries can share the dividends of the digital age. We will actively promote cultural exchanges and mutual learning on the Internet.

We should uphold and improve the basic socialist economic system, give full play to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation, better leverage the role of the government, and better integrate the effective market with an enabling government.

We will unswervingly consolidate and develop the public sector of the economy, encourage, support and guide the development of the non-public sector of the economy, and foster more dynamic, creative and competitive market entities.

Section I Accelerating the Optimization of the Distribution and Structural Adjustment of the State-owned Economy

To serve the national strategy, we will accelerate the optimization of the distribution, structural adjustment and strategic restructuring of the state-owned economy, make it more competitive, innovative, controllable, influential, and risk-resistant, and make state-owned capital and state-owned enterprises stronger, better, and bigger. Give play to the role of state-owned economy strategic support, to promote state-owned economy further focus on strategic security, industry leading, national economy and people’s livelihood, public service, and other functions, adjust the activate stock assets, optimize the distribution of the incremental capital, the relationship between national security, national economy important industry concentration, to provide public services, emergency capability construction and public relations important industry of national economy and people’s livelihood focus, to concentrate in forward-looking strategic emerging industries. For the state-owned economy in fully competitive areas, we will strengthen targets for capital gains and financial constraints, enhance liquidity, and improve the mechanism for optimizing the allocation of state-owned capital. We will establish a long-term mechanism for adjusting the distribution and structure of the state-owned economy, and publish guidelines on improving the distribution and structural adjustment of the state-owned economy on a dynamic basis.

Section II: Promoting the Improvement of the Modern Enterprise System with Chinese Characteristics by State-owned Enterprises

We should uphold the overall leadership of the Party over SOEs, promote the unity between strengthening Party leadership and improving corporate governance, and accelerate the establishment of a corporate governance mechanism with statutory powers and responsibilities, transparent powers and responsibilities, coordinated operation, and effective checks and balances. Strengthen the construction of the board of directors, implement the functions and powers of the board of directors, and make the board of directors become the subject of decision-making in the operation of enterprises. In line with the requirements of improving governance, strengthening incentives, highlighting main businesses, and improving efficiency, we will deepen the reform of mixed ownership of SOEs, deepen the transformation of their operating mechanisms, and explore ways to implement a governance mechanism and supervision system different from that of wholly state-owned or wholly owned companies. We will introduce a term system for managers and contractual management, improve market-based compensation distribution mechanisms, and provide various forms of medium – and long-term incentives in a flexible manner.

Section 3: Improving the State-owned Assets Supervision and Control System for the Management of Capital

We will continue to combine authorization with supervision, invigorate and properly manage state-owned assets, and vigorously promote multi-dimensional changes in the concept, focus, and methods of state-owned assets supervision. We will improve the way capital is managed, implement list-based management across the board, delegate power to lower levels based on specific categories, focus on performing duties through corporate governance, and strengthen ongoing and post-operational oversight. We will deepen the reform of state capital investment and operating companies, and scientifically and reasonably define the rights boundaries of the government and state capital supervision agencies, state capital investment and operating companies and enterprises in which they hold shares. We will improve the coordinated and efficient supervision mechanism, strictly investigate the responsibilities, and effectively prevent the loss of state-owned assets. We will accelerate centralized and unified supervision of profit-making state assets.

Section Four: Optimizing the Development Environment of Private Enterprises

We will improve the legal, policy and market environment that support the development of private enterprises, and protect their property rights and the rights and interests of entrepreneurs on an equal footing in accordance with the law. We will ensure that private enterprises have equal access to resources in accordance with the law, compete in an open, fair and fair manner, and enjoy equal legal protection. We will further relax market access for private enterprises and remove all barriers to bidding and tendering. We will innovate policy tools to support private enterprises in the financial sector, improve the system of financing support, treat private enterprises as equals in their credit rating and bond issuance, and lower overall financing costs. We will improve the policy system for promoting the development of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises and individual businesses, and give more preferential tax treatment and credit support. We will build cordial and clean relations between government and business, and establish standardized channels of communication between government and business. We will improve the long-term mechanism for preventing and resolving payment arrears to small and medium-sized enterprises.

Section V Promoting the High-quality Development of Private Enterprises

We will encourage private enterprises to reform and innovate, and improve their operational capacity and management. We will guide qualified private enterprises to establish a modern corporate system. We will support private enterprises in carrying out basic research and scientific and technological innovation, participating in research and development of key core technologies, and tackling key national science and technology projects. We will improve the mechanism for private enterprises to participate in the implementation of major national strategies. We will encourage private enterprises to operate in accordance with laws and regulations, and encourage them to actively fulfill their social responsibilities and participate in social welfare and charity undertakings. We will promote entrepreneurship and implement a plan to promote the healthy growth of young private entrepreneurs.

We will take action to develop a high-standard market system, improve the basic institutions of the market system, adhere to equal access, impartial oversight, openness, order, integrity and law-abiding, and form a single domestic market that is efficient, standardized and fair in competition.

Section I Comprehensively Improving the Property Rights System

We will improve the modern property rights system with clear ownership, clear rights and responsibilities, strict protection and smooth circulation. We will implement the Civil Code and revise property rights, creditor’s rights, equity and other laws and regulations to clarify the ownership of property rights and improve the rights and functions of property rights. We will improve the property rights protection system based on the principle of fairness, and give equal protection to the property rights of enterprises under all forms of ownership, including state-owned, private and foreign-funded enterprises, in accordance with the law. We will improve the judicial protection system for the enforcement of property rights, improve the protection mechanism for the appeal, review, and retrial of enterprise-related property rights cases, promote the normalization and institutionalization of the screening and correction of wrongful cases involving enterprises in accordance with the law, and open channels for the reporting and handling of government-related property rights disputes. We will strengthen the property rights system in data, knowledge, the environment and other areas, and improve the property rights system, laws and regulations for natural resource assets.

Section 2: Promoting the reform of market-based allocation of factors of production

We will establish and improve a unified market for land used for construction in both urban and rural areas, and coordinate reform of rural land expropriation, the marketing of collective land used for commercial construction, and the system for housing land. We will reform the way we manage land plans, give provincial-level governments greater autonomy over land use, and explore the establishment of a nationwide cross-regional trading mechanism for land used for construction purposes and for supplemental arable land. Establish a reasonable conversion mechanism for different industrial land types and increase the supply of land for mixed industries. We will improve a unified and standardized human resources market system, remove barriers to the flow of labor and talents between urban and rural areas, between different regions and between units of different ownership, and reduce unreasonable restrictions on the management of personnel records. Develop markets for technology and data elements. We will improve the mechanism for the operation of factor markets, and improve trading rules and the service system. We will deepen the integration and sharing of public resource trading platforms.

The third section strengthens the foundation position of competition policy

We will continue to encourage competition and oppose monopoly, improve the competition policy framework, and establish a competition policy implementation mechanism that covers all aspects before, during and after the event. We will work in a coordinated way to conduct incremental review and inventory review, strengthen rigid constraints on the fair competition review system, improve rules for fair competition review, and continue to review and abolish regulations and practices that impede the unified national market and fair competition. We will improve the market competition evaluation system and establish a complaint reporting, handling and response mechanism. We will step up law enforcement and judicial efforts against monopoly and unfair competition to prevent disorderly expansion of capital. We will promote market-oriented reforms in competitive sectors such as energy, railways, telecommunications, and public utilities, liberalize market access for competitive businesses, further introduce market competition mechanisms, and strengthen oversight over natural monopoly businesses.

Section IV Improving the Social Credit System

We will establish and improve a credit laws, regulations and standards system, formulate a catalogue of public credit information and a list of disciplinary measures for trust-breaking, and improve the credit repair mechanism for trust-breaking subjects. Promote the credit commitment system. Strengthen the collection, sharing, disclosure and application of credit information, and promote credit products and services that benefit the people and enterprises. Establish the sharing and integration mechanism of public credit information and financial information. We will foster internationally competitive corporate credit investigation agencies and credit rating agencies, strengthen supervision over credit investigation, and promote the healthy development of the credit service market. Strengthen credit information security management and protect the legitimate rights and interests of credit subjects. We will establish a sound government accountability system for trust-breaking.

We will make better use of the role of finance as a foundation and an important pillar of national governance, enhance the financial sector’s ability to serve the real economy, and improve fiscal, tax and financial systems that meet the requirements of high-quality development.

Section 1 Accelerating the Establishment of a Modern Financial System

We will deepen reform of the budget management system and strengthen macro guidance, review and oversight of budget compilation. We will strengthen coordination of fiscal resources, standardize government expenditures, and tighten budgetary constraints and performance-based management. We will improve the mechanism for balancing budgets over multiple years, strengthen management of medium-term fiscal planning, and increase financial support for major strategic tasks of the state. We will establish a fiscal relationship between the central and local governments with clearly defined powers and responsibilities, coordinated financial resources and balanced regions.We will appropriately strengthen the central government’s powers over intellectual property protection, old-age insurance, trans-regional ecological and environmental protection, and reduce and standardize the common powers of the central and local governments. We will improve the financial system at and below the provincial level and strengthen our ability to provide community-level public services. We will improve the system of transfer payments, optimize the structure of transfer payments, and standardize transfer payments. We will improve the accrual basis for comprehensive government financial reporting. We will establish a sound and standardized mechanism for financing government debt.

Section 2: Improving the Modern Tax System

We will improve the structure of the tax system, improve the direct tax system, and appropriately increase the proportion of direct tax. We will improve the personal income tax system, expand the scope of comprehensive collection, and optimize the tax rate structure. We will focus on supporting and stabilizing the manufacturing sector, consolidating industrial and supply chains, and further improve the VAT system. We will adjust and optimize the scope and rate of consumption tax collection, move forward the process of tax collection later and steadily lower it at local levels. We will standardize and improve tax incentives. We will advance legislation on real estate tax, improve local tax systems, and gradually expand local tax administration powers. We will deepen reform of the tax collection and administration system, develop smart taxation and promote the modernization of tax collection and administration.

Section 3: Deepening the supply-side structural reform of the financial sector

We will improve a modern financial system that is highly adaptable, competitive and inclusive, and put in place institutions and mechanisms for the financial sector to effectively support the real economy. We will develop a modern central banking system and improve the mechanism for controlling money supply. We will steadily advance research and development of digital currencies. We will improve the mechanism for setting and transmitting market-based interest rates, improve the central bank’s policy interest rate system, and better play the role of the benchmark interest rates quoted in the loan market. We will improve the structure of the financial system, deepen reform of state-owned commercial banks, move faster to improve the governance structure of small and medium-sized banks and rural credit cooperatives, and develop non-bank financial institutions in a well-regulated way to make finance more inclusive. We will reform and improve policy-based finance and strengthen our ability to serve national strategy and planning. We will deepen the reform of insurance companies and improve their ability to guarantee commercial insurance. We will improve corporate governance of financial institutions and strengthen oversight of shareholders’ equity rights and related transactions. We will improve the basic system of the capital market, improve the multi-tiered system of the capital market, vigorously develop institutional investors, and increase the proportion of direct financing, especially equity financing. We will fully implement a stock issue registration system, establish a regular delisting mechanism, and improve the quality of listed companies. We will deepen the reform of the New Third Board. We will improve the market-based bond issuance mechanism, steadily expand the size of the bond market, diversify bond varieties, and issue long-term Treasury bonds and long-term infrastructure bonds. We will improve the investor protection system and the deposit insurance system. We will improve the modern financial regulatory system, strengthen weak links in the regulatory system, advance financial innovation in an orderly manner on the premise of prudent regulation, improve the regulatory framework covering all risks, and enhance the transparency and rule of law of financial regulation. We will steadily develop financial technology and accelerate the digital transformation of financial institutions. We will strengthen the use of regulatory technology and risk assessment of financial innovation, and explore ways to establish mechanisms for correcting deviations and suspending innovative products.

We will accelerate the transformation of government functions, build a government governance system with clearly defined responsibilities and law-based administration, innovate and improve macro regulation, and make government governance more effective.

Section I Improving Macroeconomic Governance

We will improve the macro-economic governance system with the national development plan as the strategic guidance, fiscal and monetary policies as the main means, and policies on employment, industry, investment, consumption, environmental protection and regional development closely coordinated, with optimized objectives, reasonable division of labor, and efficient coordination. Enhance national development planning for the public budget, land development, and resource allocation policy of macro guidance, overall coordination function, and improve the mechanism of macro policy formulation and execution, attaches great importance to the expected management and guidance, reasonable grasp the economic growth, employment, prices, balance of payments such as control target, based on the interval control improve directional control, camera control and precision control. We will improve the macro-control policy system, do a good job in designing cross-cycle policies, improve our ability to make counter-cyclical adjustment, and promote economic aggregate balance, structural improvement, and internal and external balance. We will strengthen the development of databases for macroeconomic governance, enhance the capacity of modern technologies such as big data to assist governance, and promote the modernization reform of statistics. We will improve the system for evaluating macroeconomic policies and the mechanism for identifying and warning against major risks, make it easier for people to participate in policy making, and make decision-making more scientific, democratic, and law-based.

Section 2: Building a First-Class Business Environment

We will deepen reform to streamline administration, delegate more power, improve regulation, and provide better services. We will fully implement the list of government powers and responsibilities, and continue to improve the international business environment based on market forces and the rule of law. We will implement a nationwide negative list system for market access, remove hidden barriers to market access beyond the list, and further ease restrictions on market access, focusing on the service sector. We will streamline the number of administrative licensing items, reduce the number of merging qualifications and qualifications, abolish unnecessary record registration and annual inspections, and standardize inspections of enterprises. We will comprehensively carry out the reform of separating permits from permits and reducing permits after permits are granted, and reform the examination and approval system for construction projects. We will reform the production licensing system, simplify the examination and approval procedures for industrial products, and implement management of the list of items permitting enterprises to operate. We will establish a convenient, efficient and orderly exit system for market entities, simplify general cancellation procedures, and establish a sound bankruptcy system for enterprises and natural persons. We will innovate the way government services are provided and make approval services more accessible to the public. We will deepen the building of a “single window” for international trade. We will improve the assessment system for the business environment.

Section III Promoting the Modernization of Regulatory Capability

We will improve new regulatory mechanisms that rely on random inspections and public disclosure and Internet Plus oversight as the basic means, supplemented by key oversight, and based on credit supervision, and integrate online and offline supervision. We will tighten market oversight, quality oversight, and safety oversight; strengthen oversight of food and drugs, special equipment, online transactions, tourism, advertising, intermediary services, and real estate; strengthen oversight of market transactions involving factors of production; and exercise inclusive and prudent oversight over new industries and new forms of business. We will deepen the reform of comprehensive administrative law enforcement over market regulation, and improve the mechanism for inter-sectoral and inter-departmental coordination of law enforcement and oversight. We will deepen reform of trade associations, chambers of commerce and intermediaries. We will strengthen oversight by the public and the news media.

We will follow the path of socialist rural revitalization with Chinese characteristics, fully implement the rural revitalization strategy, strengthen industry to support agriculture and urban areas to support rural areas, foster a new type of relations between industry and agriculture and between urban and rural areas in which industry and agriculture reinforce each other, urban and rural areas complement each other, develop in a coordinated way, and achieve common prosperity, and accelerate the modernization of agriculture and rural areas.

We will continue to strengthen the position of agriculture as the foundation of the economy, deepen supply-side structural reform in agriculture, strengthen quality orientation, and promote the revitalization of rural industries.

Section I: Enhancing the Comprehensive Agricultural Production Capacity

We will strengthen the foundation of grain production capacity and ensure the safe supply of major agricultural products such as grain, cotton, oil, sugar, meat, and milk. We will adhere to the strictest possible system for protecting arable land, strengthen the protection of the quantity and quality of arable land, strictly observe the red line of 1.8 billion hectares of arable land, prevent the use of arable land for non-agricultural purposes and non-grain purposes, regulate the balance between the use of arable land and the use of irrigated land to supplement the quality of arable land, and strictly prohibit the use of irrigated land to supplement the quality of arable land and the use of irrigated land to supplement dry land. We will develop national food security industrial belts, focusing on functional grain production zones and protection zones for major agricultural products, and carry out the project to develop high-grade farmland, so as to complete contiguous high-grade farmland of 1.075 billion mu. We will carry out the black land protection project and strengthen the protection and restoration of the black land in northeast China. We will improve water conservation in large and medium-sized irrigated areas and carry out fine management, develop key water-saving irrigation projects, and carry out comprehensive reform of water pricing at the same time. We will strengthen research and development of large and medium-sized, intelligent and complex agricultural machinery, and increase the overall mechanization of farming and harvesting to 75 percent of agricultural crops. We will strengthen the protection and utilization of germplasm resources and the construction of seed banks to ensure the safety of provenances. We will strengthen efforts to tackle key problems in the technology of improved agricultural varieties, promote the industrial application of biological breeding in an orderly manner, and cultivate leading enterprises in the seed industry with international competitiveness. We will improve the system for innovation in agricultural science and technology, innovate ways of providing services for the spread of agricultural technology, and develop smart agriculture. We will strengthen animal epidemic prevention and control of crop diseases and insect pests, and improve agricultural meteorological services.

Section 2 Deepening the Adjustment of Agricultural Structure

We will optimize the distribution of agricultural production and develop industrial belts and areas with competitive agricultural products. We will promote coordinated planning of grain, feeding, agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery, optimize the structure of crop production, vigorously develop modern animal husbandry, and promote ecological and healthy aquaculture. We will actively develop facility agriculture and develop forestry and fruit industry in line with local conditions. We will intensify efforts to promote the project to produce high-quality grain. We will promote green transformation of agriculture, strengthen environmental protection and improvement in producing areas, develop water-saving and dry-farming agriculture, carry out intensive action to reduce pesticide and chemical fertilizers, control pollution caused by agricultural plastic film, improve the recycling efficiency of agricultural plastic film, and promote the comprehensive utilization of straw and the recycling of waste from livestock and poultry. We will improve the standard system for green agriculture, and strengthen the management of certification of green food, organic agricultural products, and agricultural products with geographical indications. We will strengthen supervision over the quality and safety of agricultural products throughout the whole process, and improve the traceability system. We will develop modern agricultural industrial parks and demonstration zones for agricultural modernization.

Section 3 Enriching Rural Economic Forms

We will develop the county economy, promote the integrated development of primary, secondary and tertiary industries in rural areas, extend the agricultural industrial chain, and develop modern rural industries with their own characteristics to enrich the people. We will promote the integration of planting, breeding and farming, and re-engineering industrial chains. We will improve the processing of agricultural products and agricultural producer services, and strengthen industries with special features, such as leisure agriculture, rural tourism, and the home-stay economy. We will strengthen facilities for storage and preservation of agricultural products and cold-chain logistics, improve platforms for rural property rights trading, trade circulation, inspection, testing and certification, and smart standard factories, and guide the concentrated development of secondary and tertiary industries in rural areas. We will improve the interest linkage mechanism, and enable farmers to share more of the value-added benefits of the industry by “changing resources into assets, funds into shares, and farmers into shareholders”.

We will give high priority to rural development in socialist modernization, improve the ecological space for production and life, continue to improve the appearance of villages and the living environment, and build a beautiful and livable countryside.

Section One: Strengthening the Planning and Guidance of Rural Construction

We will coordinate the planning and construction of towns and villages at the county level, taking into account land use, industrial development, construction of residential areas, improvement of the human settlement environment, ecological protection, disaster prevention and reduction, and historical and cultural inheritance. We will formulate a scientific plan for the layout of villages at the county level, promote village development based on local conditions and on different types of villages, carry out comprehensive land improvement across the whole region in a well-regulated manner, protect traditional villages and ethnic minority villages, and the appearance of rural areas. It is strictly prohibited to demolish or merge villages at will to create larger communities, or demolish or build villages against the wishes of farmers. We will optimize the layout of living Spaces in rural areas, strictly protect agricultural production Spaces and rural ecological Spaces, and scientifically delimit suitable, restricted and forbidden areas for breeding. Encourage areas where conditions permit to draw up practical village plans.

Section 2: Improving Rural Infrastructure and Public Services

We will take counties as the basic unit to promote integrated urban and rural development, and strengthen the ability of county towns to provide comprehensive services and the function of towns and townships to serve farmers. We will improve the mechanisms for unified planning, construction, and management and protection of urban and rural infrastructure, promote the extension of municipal public facilities to suburban villages and large central towns, improve rural infrastructure such as water, electricity, roads, gas, postal services, telecommunications, radio and television, and logistics, and improve the quality of rural housing construction. We will promote unified standards and systems for basic public services in urban and rural areas, increase the supply of education, medical care, elderly care, and cultural services in rural areas, promote the exchange and rotation of teachers and doctors at county levels, and encourage private sectors to start public welfare programs in rural areas. We will improve the scientific and cultural quality of farmers and promote the revitalization of talents in rural areas.

Section 3 Improving the Rural Human Settlement Environment

We have launched a campaign to improve rural living environments, and steadily solved prominent environmental problems such as “garbage enclosing villages” and black and smelly water bodies in rural areas. We will promote the local sorting and recycling of rural household garbage, and step by step promote the treatment of rural household sewage, with the focus on township government residences and central villages. We will support efforts to promote the rural toilet revolution in accordance with local conditions. We will promote comprehensive improvement of rural water systems. We will intensify efforts to clean and green villages, and ensure that public Spaces, courtyard houses and surrounding villages are clean and tidy.

We will put in place a sound policy system for equal exchange and two-way flow of factors of production between urban and rural areas, promote more flow of factors of production to rural areas, and enhance the vitality of agricultural and rural development.

Section I Deepening Agricultural and Rural Reform

We will consolidate and improve the basic rural operation system, implement the policy of extending the second round of land contracts for another 30 years after they expire, and improve the system for separating the ownership, contract rights and management rights of contracted rural land, so as to further liberalize rural management rights. We will develop diversified and appropriately scaled agricultural operations, accelerate the development of new types of agricultural businesses, such as family farms and farmers’ cooperatives, improve the system of specialized agricultural services, and ensure that small farmers are connected with modern agriculture. We will deepen the pilot reform of the rural homestead system, accelerate the determination and certification of homestead ownership rights, and explore ways to separate ownership rights, qualification rights, and use rights of homestead. We will actively explore and implement a market system for rural collective land used for commercial construction purposes. Rural collectives are allowed, on the premise of farmers’ willingness, to convert idle homesteads and abandoned collective public welfare construction land recovered with compensation into collective commercial construction land in accordance with the law. We will establish a mechanism for identifying public interests in land expropriation and narrow the scope of land expropriation. We will deepen reform of the rural collective property rights system, improve property rights and functions, quantify operational assets to members of collective economic organizations, and develop and expand a new type of rural collective economy. We will effectively reduce the burden on village-level organizations. We will leverage the exemplary role of national pilot zones for integrated urban-rural development and pilot zones for rural reform.

Section II: Strengthening the Guarantee of the Elements of Agricultural and Rural Development

We will improve the system for ensuring investment in agriculture and rural areas, and increase central government transfer payments, land transfer revenues, and local government bonds to support agriculture and rural areas. We will improve the system for supporting and protecting agriculture, improve the mechanism for subsidizing major grain-producing areas, put in place a new system of agricultural subsidy policies, and improve the minimum grain purchase price policy. We will deepen reform of supply and marketing cooperatives. We will improve the mechanism for ensuring land use in rural areas, and ensure reasonable land use needs for facility agriculture and rural industry development. We will improve the rural financial service system, improve the incentive mechanism for financial support to agriculture, expand the scope of financing guaranteed by rural asset collateral, and develop agricultural insurance. We will allow people who seek employment or start businesses in their townships to settle down in their hometowns and enjoy relevant rights and interests, and establish a system for researchers to work part-time and pay part-time salaries in their townships and start businesses when they leave their posts.

We will establish and improve mechanisms to help low-income people in rural areas and underdeveloped areas, maintain overall stability in major assistance policies and fiscal input, and continue to promote the development of areas that have been lifted out of poverty.

Section 1: Consolidating and Improving Poverty Alleviation Achievements

We will strictly implement the requirement that “no responsibility, no responsibility, no assistance, no oversight, no responsibility”, and establish a sound long-term mechanism for consolidating and expanding the achievements of poverty alleviation. We will improve the dynamic monitoring and precise assistance mechanism for preventing the return of poverty, carry out regular monitoring of those vulnerable to the return of poverty, establish and improve a mechanism for rapid detection and response, and bring it into the scope of assistance policies in a timely manner. We will improve the rural social security and assistance systems, and improve the mechanism for regularly supporting low-income rural residents. In areas out of poverty, we will continue to implement the policy of intra-provincial transactions linked to the increase or decrease of urban and rural construction land, and adjust and improve the policy of inter-provincial transactions. We will strengthen the management and supervision of poverty alleviation projects’ funds and assets, and promote the sustainable development of industries with distinctive features. We will expand the use of work relief to encourage low-income people to find jobs in local or nearby areas. We will provide follow-up assistance to those relocated from inhospitable areas, and strengthen the building of a new type of urbanization in large resettlement and relocation areas.

Section 2: Enhance the overall development level of poverty alleviation areas

We will take action to improve the farming and breeding industries with local characteristics in areas where poverty has been lifted out of poverty, carry out extensive activities to link the production and marketing of agricultural products, and deepen and expand support for consumption. Support will be given to a number of key rural revitalization counties among the counties that have been lifted out of poverty in the western region, providing them with centralized support in finance, finance, land, personnel, infrastructure, and public services, so as to strengthen their capacity to consolidate their achievements in poverty alleviation and endogenous development. We will adhere to and improve mechanisms for coordinating and providing assistance to the eastern and western regions, designated assistance by central government units, and participation of non-government forces in helping them, adjust and optimize the relationship and means of coordinating and helping the eastern and western regions, and strengthen industrial cooperation and labor cooperation.

We will continue to follow the path of a new type of urbanization with Chinese characteristics, deepen the people-centered strategy of a new type of urbanization, and promote coordinated and distinctive development of large, medium and small cities and small towns with the support of city clusters and metropolitan circles, so that more people can enjoy a better quality of city life.

We will make coordinated efforts to reform the household registration system and provide basic urban public services to all permanent urban residents. We will improve the supporting policies for granting urban residency to rural people who have moved to cities, and move faster to integrate them fully into cities.

Section I Deepening the Reform of the Household Registration System

Restrictions on household registration except in a few megacities will be relaxed, and a hukou system based on habitual residence will be implemented on a trial basis. We will lift all restrictions on urban hukou for permanent urban residents of less than 3 million, and ensure that urban hukou is granted to non-urban and local rural residents on an equal basis. We will relax the requirements for permanent urban residency in major I-type cities with 3 million to 5 million urban residents. We will improve the points-based household registration policy in megacities with permanent urban residents of more than 5 million, streamline the points-based household registration program, ensure that the number of years for which social insurance contributions have been made and the number of years for which residents have lived accounts for the main proportion, and encourage the abolition of the annual quota for household registration. We will improve the mechanism for providing basic public services based on the residence permit and linked to the length of residence and other conditions, encourage local governments to provide more basic public services and facilitate handling affairs, and improve the actual level of urban compulsory education, housing and other services enjoyed by holders of residence permits.

Section 2 Improve the mechanism for citizenization of migrant agricultural population

We will improve policies on linking transfer payments to the granting of urban residency to rural migrant workers, and increase the proportion of permanent residents converted into permanent residents in the balanced distribution of transfer payments. The allocation of central government funds for granting urban residency is mainly determined by the number of people who have settled in different provinces. We will establish a mechanism for subsidizing infrastructure investment from government construction funds for cities that attract more urban residents, and increase support for investment from the central government budget. We will adjust the basis for the annual allotment of land for urban construction, and establish a mechanism linking it with the number of people who can settle in rural areas and the amount of government-subsidized housing they can provide. We will adjust the quota of teachers and doctors and the layout of basic public service facilities in areas where the population flows in and out of the country according to the actual situation of population migration. We will protect, in accordance with the law, the rural land contract rights, the right to use homestead land, and the right to distribute collective income of rural residents who have settled in cities, establish a market system for transferring rural property rights, and improve the market-based withdrawal mechanism and supporting policies for rural households’ “three rights”.

We will develop and expand city clusters and metropolitan circles, guide the development of large, medium-sized and small cities in their respective directions and priorities, and form an urban spatial pattern that is well-spaced, well-coordinated, and fully functional.

Section 1: Promoting the Integrated Development of Urban Agglomerations

We will focus on promoting the development of city clusters and form a strategic pattern of “two horizontal and three vertical” urbanization across the board. Optimization promote beijing-tianjin-hebei, Yangtze river delta, the pearl river delta, the chengdu-chongqing expressway, such as urban agglomeration in the middle reach of Yangtze river, the development of shandong peninsula, guangdong, fujian and zhejiang, the guanzhong plain, the beibu gulf coastal, central plains urban agglomeration, to develop the long, LiaoZhong south, in the central of shanxi, guizhou, yunnan, call hubei elm, lanzhou, xining, along the yellow, north slope of tianshan mountain in ningxia and other urban agglomerations. We will establish and improve mechanisms for the integrated and coordinated development of city clusters, as well as mechanisms for sharing costs and benefits, and make coordinated efforts to promote the coordinated distribution of infrastructure, division of labor and cooperation among industries, sharing of public services, and joint ecological and environmental governance. We will optimize the internal spatial structure of urban agglomerations, build ecological and security barriers, and form a networked urban agglomeration that is multi-centered, multi-tiered and multi-node.

Section 2 Building a Modernized Metropolis Circle

Reling on central cities with strong radiating and driving capacity, we will improve the coordinated development of one-hour commuting circles, and foster and develop a number of modern urban circles with a high degree of integration. With intercity railways and urban (suburban) railways as the backbone, we will open up all kinds of “broken roads” and “bottleneck roads”, promote the effective connection of internal and external transport and the integration of rail transit into the “four networks”, and improve the connectivity of urban infrastructure. We will encourage mutual recognition of social security and household registration points in urban areas, and sharing of educational and medical resources. We will promote universal refinancing of vouchers for scientific and technological innovation, and cooperation in building industrial parks and research platforms. In urban areas where conditions permit, we will encourage the establishment of unified planning committees, so as to achieve unified formulation and implementation of plans, and explore ways to promote unified management of land and population.

Section 3 Optimizing and Improving the Functions of Central Urban Areas of Megacities

We should take into account the diverse needs of the economy, people’s livelihood, ecology, and security, change the way megacities are developed and built, strengthen risk prevention and control in the governance of megacities, and promote high-quality and sustainable development. In the central urban area, functions and facilities such as general manufacturing, regional logistics bases and specialized markets will be relocated in an orderly manner, as well as over-concentrated public service resources such as medical care and higher education, and the intensity of development and population density will be appropriately reduced. We will strengthen our role as the source of global resource allocation, the source of scientific and technological innovation, and the leading role of high-end industries, take the lead in forming an industrial structure with modern service industries as the mainstay and advanced manufacturing as the support, and enhance our overall level and international competitiveness. Adhere to the integration of industry and city, improve the functions of suburban new cities, to achieve multi-center, group development.

Section 4: Improving the livability and workability of large and medium-sized cities

We will make full use of our relatively low overall costs to actively undertake industrial relocation and function relocation in megacities and megacities, and lay a solid foundation for the development of the real economy. Based on characteristic resources and industrial foundation, establish differentiated positioning of manufacturing industry, promote large-scale cluster development of manufacturing industry, and build advanced manufacturing base, trade and logistics center and regional professional service center according to local conditions. We will improve the layout and functions of municipal public facilities, support the layout of tertiary hospitals and institutions of higher learning in large and medium-sized cities, increase the supply of cultural and sports resources, create a modern and fashionable consumption scene, and improve the quality of urban life.

Section Five: Promoting the Urbanization Construction with County Seat as the Important Carrier

We will move faster to strengthen areas of weakness in county seats, upgrade and expand public services, environmental sanitation, municipal utilities, and industrial supporting facilities, and enhance their overall carrying capacity and governance capacity. We will support the development of county seats in the eastern region with a good foundation, with the focus on the urbanization of the central and western regions and the northeast, and give reasonable support to the development of county seats in major agricultural production-producing areas and key ecological function areas. We will improve the investment and financing mechanism for county seat construction, give better play to the role of government funds, and guide financial and nongovernmental capital to increase their input. We will steadily and orderly promote the establishment of megacities in eligible counties and townships with a permanent population of 200,000 or more. We will develop small towns in accordance with local conditions, resource endowment and development basis, and promote the standardized and healthy development of small towns with local characteristics.

We will accelerate the transformation of the pattern of urban development, coordinate urban planning, development and management, carry out urban renewal campaigns, and improve the spatial structure and quality of cities.

Section I transforming the urban development mode

We will determine the size and spatial structure of cities in accordance with the carrying capacity of resources and the environment, and coordinate urban development, industrial development, ecological conservation, infrastructure and public services. Implement the intensive and compact development mode of functional complex, three-dimensional development and bus-oriented development, coordinate the use of aboveground and underground space, increase green nodes and public open space, and promote the block system for new residential buildings. We will promote urban design and style control, implement the guidelines for building in the new era that are applicable, economical, green and beautiful, and strengthen control over new high-rise buildings. We will accelerate urban renewal, renovate and improve the functions of existing urban areas such as old residential areas, old factory areas, old street blocks and urban villages, renovate old buildings, and actively expand and build new parking lots and charging piles.

Section II: Promoting the Construction of New Cities

In keeping with new ideas and trends in urban development, we will carry out pilot and demonstration projects to modernize cities, and build them into livable, innovative, smart, green, cultural, and resilient cities. We will make cities more intelligent, and implement digital management of urban buildings, public Spaces and underground pipe networks on a single map, and unified management of urban operations on a single network. We will make scientific plans for the layout of green rings, green corridors, green wedges and green highways in urban areas, promote ecological restoration and functional improvement, give priority to the development of urban public transport, develop a slow-traffic network of bicycle lanes and pedestrian corridors, develop smart construction, promote the use of green building materials, prefabricated buildings and steel-structure housing, and build low-carbon cities. We will protect and continue the urban context, prevent massive demolition and construction, and make the city’s memory and residents remember their homesickness. A system of urban flood control and drainage has been developed to reduce emissions at the source, combine storage and drainage, eliminate risks of waterlogging, and respond to emergencies exceeding the standard, and notable results have been achieved in controlling urban waterlogging. We will enhance the capacity of public facilities to respond to storms, droughts and geological disasters, and improve the emergency and refuge functions of public facilities and buildings. We will strengthen the construction of barrier-free environments. We will expand the sources of funds for urban construction, and establish a financing mechanism that matches the duration, diversifies the channels, and is financially sustainable.

Section 3 Raising the Level of Urban Governance

We will continue to make urban governance more scientific, refined, and intelligent, and promote the modernization of urban social governance by following the guidance of Party building, shifting the focus downward, and enabling urban science and technology. We will reform and improve the urban management system. We will promote the experience of grassroots management mechanisms such as “blowing whistles in the streets and townships, reporting to departments, and handling complaints immediately”, promote the sinking of resources, management and services to the communities in the streets, and accelerate the construction of modern communities. Digital technology will be used to promote innovation in urban management methods, management models and management concepts, so as to meet the needs of the masses accurately and efficiently. We will strengthen supervision over property services and improve the coverage, quality and standardization of property services.

Section 4: Improving the housing market system and housing security system

We will continue to see that housing is for living in, not speculation. We will move faster to put in place a housing system that ensures supply through multiple sources, provides support through multiple channels, and encourages both rental and purchase of housing. We will ensure that all the people have a place to live and a balance between jobs and housing. We will take a combination of measures in light of local conditions, ensure that urban governments have the primary responsibility, and keep land and housing prices and expectations stable. We will establish a mechanism for linking housing with land, strengthen regulation of real estate finance, give full play to the regulatory role of housing taxes, support reasonable demand for personal use and housing, and curb speculative demand for investment. We will move faster to foster and develop the housing rental market, put existing housing resources to good use, effectively and in an orderly way expand the supply of rental housing in cities, improve the policy on long-term rental housing, and gradually ensure that housing rental and purchase have the same rights to enjoy public services. We will accelerate the development of housing leasing laws and regulations, strengthen oversight of the leasing market, and protect the legitimate rights and interests of lessees and lessors. We will effectively increase the supply of government-subsidized housing and improve the basic system and supporting policies for providing housing. We will expand the supply of government-subsidized rental housing, focusing on cities with large population inflows and high housing prices, and focus on solving the housing problems of disadvantaged groups and new citizens. We will formulate a separate land use plan for rental housing, explore the use of collective construction land and idle land owned by enterprises and public institutions to build rental housing, and support the conversion of non-residential housing into affordable rental housing. We will improve the mechanism for distributing income from the transfer of land and increase fiscal, taxation and financial support. We will develop co-ownership housing in line with local conditions. We will properly handle the relationship between basic social security and non-basic social security, improve the way housing is provided for, and improve policies on the target of such social security, the threshold for access, and the management of people’s withdrawal from such social security. We will reform and improve the housing provident fund system, and improve the mechanisms for deposit, use, management and operation.

We will fully implement the major regional strategy, the coordinated regional development strategy, and the functional zoning strategy, improve the systems and mechanisms for coordinated regional development, and establish a regional economic distribution and territorial spatial support system for high-quality development.

Based on the carrying capacity of resources and the environment, we should give full play to the comparative advantages of different regions, promote the rational flow and efficient aggregation of various factors of production, and promote the formation of a new pattern of territorial space development and protection in which the main functions are obvious, the strengths of each other complement each other and the development is of high quality.

Section I Improving and Implementing the Function-oriented Zoning System

Both accords with the trend of the spatial structure change and major infrastructure projects, major productivity and optimize the layout of public resources, classification to improve the region urbanization development level, promoting agricultural production to the functional areas of grain production, reserves and production of major agricultural products characteristic advantage region agglomeration of agricultural products, optimizing the ecological security barrier system, gradually formed the urbanization areas, agricultural products producing three spatial pattern and ecological function areas. We will formulate differentiated policies for key development areas, ecologically fragile areas, and energy and resource-rich areas, and take targeted and targeted measures based on their respective functions. We will strengthen overall planning and coordination in space development to ensure the implementation of major national development strategies.

Section 2 Exploiting the Important Power Sources for High-quality Development

We will strengthen the carrying capacity of the economy and population, with the focus on central cities and urban agglomerations and other areas with advantages for economic development, and raise the overall economic efficiency of the country. With a focus on the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, the Yangtze River Delta region, and the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, we will enhance our ability to develop innovative sources of resources and allocate resources globally, and move faster to build a first-tier team that leads high-quality development. In the central and western regions where conditions permit, we will improve the function of city clusters, speed up industrialization and urbanization, and form an important region with high-quality development, led by central cities. We should remove barriers to the flow of resources, improve the layout of administrative divisions, increase the overall carrying capacity of central cities and their ability to optimize the allocation of resources, and strengthen their role in driving regional development.

Section Three: Enhance the Guarantee Capacity of Important Functional Areas

Supported by major agricultural production areas, key ecological function zones, energy and resource-rich areas and border areas that assume strategic functions, we will earnestly safeguard national food security, ecological security, energy security and border security, and jointly create a driving system for high-quality development with power source areas. We will support major agricultural production-producing areas in improving their agricultural production capacity, support functional ecological zones in focusing their development on protecting the ecological environment and providing ecological products, and support their population in gradually and orderly moving to urban areas and settling down in urban areas. We will improve the distribution of energy development and transportation, strengthen the construction of bases for the comprehensive development and utilization of energy and resources, and improve domestic energy supply security. We should strengthen the development capacity of the border areas, strengthen population and economic support, and promote ethnic unity and stability in the border areas. We will improve the mechanism for allocating public resources and provide effective transfer payments to key ecological function zones, major agricultural production-producing areas, and border areas.

We will focus on achieving strategic goals and enhancing our ability to lead and lead, work for new breakthroughs in major regional strategies, and promote inter-regional integration, interaction, and complementarity.

Section 1 Accelerating the Coordinated Development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region

We will focus on the relocation of non-capital functions in Beijing, establish a policy system for the relocation of functions, and implement a number of landmark projects for the relocation of functions. We will develop the Xiongan New Area with high standards and high quality, accelerate the development of the start-up and start-up areas, and promote innovation in the management system. We will build a high-quality sub-center of Beijing and promote the integrated development of Sanhe, Xianghe and Dachang counties and cities in Hebei Province. We will promote the high-quality development of the Tianjin Binhai New Area, and support the development of the functional zone for water conservation and ecological environment support in the capital of Zhangjiakou. We will improve the capacity of the Beijing Science and Technology Innovation Center for basic research and original innovation, give full play to the role of the Zhongguancun National Innovation Demonstration Zone as a pioneer and pilot, and further integrate the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei industrial chain with the innovation chain. We will basically put the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region on orbit, and improve coordination between airports and ports. We will deepen the joint prevention, control and control of air pollution, and intensify the comprehensive treatment of groundwater overextraction and land subsidence in North China.

Section 2: Promoting the Development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt in an All-round Way

We will give top priority to ecology, pursue green development, jointly promote environmental protection and economic development instead of pursuing major development, and build a beautiful model of China featuring harmonious coexistence between man and nature. We will continue to move forward with the rectification of prominent ecological and environmental problems, promote the management and control of the entire Yangtze River basin on a per-unit basis, and carry out projects to treat urban sewage and garbage, deal with industrial pollution, deal with pollution from non-point agricultural sources, deal with pollution from ships, and deal with pollution from tailings ponds. We will carry out demonstrations of green development and promote ecological and environmental protection in the Chishui River Basin. A 10-year fishing ban was imposed on the Yangtze River. We will design a comprehensive transportation system with a view to building the main artery along the Yangtze River, remove bottlenecks in the Three Gorges Project, and speed up the construction of high-speed rail and freight railways along the Yangtze River. We will give full play to the overall advantages of industrial coordination and linkage and build a green industrial system. We will protect the cultural relics and heritage of the Yangtze River.

Section 3 Actively and prudently promote the development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area

We will strengthen the coordinated development of industries, universities and research institutes in Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, improve the framework of the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong, Guangzhou-Zhuhai-Macao Science and Technology Innovation Corridor, the Shenzhen-Hong Kong River Link and the Guangdong-Macao Hengqin Science and Technology Innovation Pole, promote the building of a comprehensive national science center, and facilitate cross-border flow of innovation factors. We will accelerate the development of intercity railways, coordinate the layout of ports and airports, and optimize the allocation of shipping and aviation resources. We will deepen the reform of customs clearance modes to facilitate the convenient and efficient movement of people, goods and vehicles. We will expand the scope of mutual recognition of professional qualifications between the mainland and Hong Kong and Macao, and further align rules and mechanisms in key areas. It will make it easier for young people from Hong Kong and Macao to study, find jobs and start their own businesses in mainland cities in the Greater Bay Area, and create a brand of high-quality exchanges among young people from Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao.

The fourth section is to enhance the level of integration development of the Yangtze River Delta

Aiming at the international advanced scientific and technological innovation capacity and industrial system, we will speed up the building of the G60 scientific and technological innovation corridor in the Yangtze River Delta and the industrial innovation belt along Shanghai-Nanjing, and improve the Yangtze River Delta region’s ability to allocate global resources and promote national development. We will speed up infrastructure connectivity, achieve full coverage of high-speed rail in cities at and above the prefectural level in the Yangtze River Delta, and promote integrated management of port clusters. We will build Hongqiao as an international opening hub, strengthen the open economic agglomeration function of the Lingang New Area of the Shanghai Pilot Free Trade Zone, and deepen the interconnected development of the Shanghai-Suzhou-Zhejiang-Anhui Pilot Free Trade Zone. We will move faster to make public services more accessible to all, and improve the distribution of quality education and medical and health resources. We will promote co-protection and joint governance of the ecological environment, and build a high-level demonstration zone for integrated ecological and green development in the Yangtze River Delta.

Section 5: Promoting Ecological Protection and Quality Development in the Yellow River Basin

We will intensify efforts to protect and restore key upstream ecosystems, build the “China Water Tower” at the source of the Sanjiang River, and improve water conservation capacity in Gannan and Zoige. We will develop new models for controlling soil erosion in the middle reaches of the Loess Plateau, and actively develop comprehensive measures to control small river basins, build dry-farming terraces and build silt DAMS. We will promote the improvement of secondary overhanging rivers in the lower reaches and the comprehensive improvement of beach areas, and strengthen the protection and restoration of wetlands in the Yellow River Delta. We will control agricultural non-point source pollution in the Fen-Wei River Plain and Hetao irrigated areas, clean up and rectify industrial enterprises along the Yellow River shoreline, and strengthen the construction of sewage treatment facilities and supporting pipeline networks in towns along the Yellow River. We will take intensive measures to save water and control it to reduce the intensity of water resources development and utilization. We will appropriately control the intensity of coal exploitation, promote the integrated development and utilization of energy and resources, and strengthen ecological restoration in mines. We will improve the development of central cities and city clusters, and coordinate the development of county seats and villages along the Yellow River. We will carry out the Yellow River cultural heritage protection project and build a Yellow River cultural tourism belt with international influence. We will build a pilot zone for ecological protection and high-quality development along the Yellow River basin.

We will promote the large-scale development of the western region, the all-round revitalization of the northeast, the rise of the central region, and the eastern region taking the lead in development. We will support regions with special types of conditions in accelerating development, and promote relative balance in development.

Section 1: Promoting the Development of the Western Region and Forming a New Pattern

We will strengthen measures to promote the large-scale development of the western region and make policies more precise and effective. We will carry out a number of major ecological projects and carry out comprehensive improvement in key areas. Actively integrate into the “One Belt And One Road” construction, strengthen the construction of open channels, and build inland multi-level open platform. We will increase investment in infrastructure in the western region, support the development of industries with distinctive strengths, concentrate our efforts on consolidating achievements in poverty alleviation, and strengthen weak links in areas such as education and medical and health care that improve people’s lives. We will advance the development of the Chengdu-Chongqing twin-city economic circle, build an important economic center with national influence, a center for scientific and technological innovation, a new plateau in reform and opening up, and a livable place with high quality of life. We will improve the development of city clusters in the Guanzhong Plain, and promote cooperation and interaction between the northwest and southwest regions. We will support Xinjiang in building a national “Three Basis and One Corridor,” and Tibet in building an important corridor open to South Asia. To promote the protection and development of the area west of the 400 mm precipitation line.

Section Two: Making New Breakthroughs in Northeast China Revitalization

From the strategic perspective of safeguarding national defense, food, ecology, energy and industrial security, we will strengthen policy coordination and make breakthroughs in key areas. We will accelerate the transformation of government functions, deepen the reform of state-owned enterprises, improve the business environment, and vigorously develop the private economy. We will build the Liaoning Coastal Economic Belt, build the Chang-Kyrgyzstan-Turkestan Pilot Zone for Development and Opening-up, and upgrade Harbin’s openness to cooperation with Russia. We will accelerate the development of modern agriculture and build an anchor for ensuring China’s food security. We will step up efforts to protect ecological resources and build a solid ecological security barrier in northern Xinjiang. We will transform and upgrade traditional competitive industries such as equipment manufacturing, foster and develop emerging industries, vigorously develop characteristic industries such as ice-snow tourism and eco-tourism in cold areas, build an ice-snow tourism belt with international influence, and form a new industrial structure with balanced development and competitive advantages. Implement more attractive talent gathering measures. We will deepen cooperation with the eastern region.

Section 3 Creating a New Situation for the Rise of the Central Region

We will strive to build a major base of advanced manufacturing, improve our capacity for independent innovation in key areas, develop inland areas that are more open to the outside world, consolidate ecological and green development, and accelerate the rise of the central region. We will expand and strengthen advanced manufacturing, build a number of medium – and high-end industrial clusters along the Yangtze River, Beijing-Guangzhou, Longhai, and Beijing-Kowloon regions, and actively undertake the distribution and relocation of emerging industries. We will promote coordinated development of city clusters along the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, accelerate the development of Wuhan and Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan metropolitan areas, and build them into major growth poles in the country. We will consolidate the foundation for grain production, continue to improve the overall returns and competitiveness of agriculture, and accelerate the development of modern agriculture. We will strengthen co-protection and joint governance of the ecological environment and build a barrier for ecological security. We will support the coordinated development of the upper and lower reaches of the Huaihe River and the Hanjiang River eco-economic belts. We will accelerate the development of passageways for opening up to the outside world and build platforms for opening up inland areas to high standards. We will improve our capacity to ensure public services, especially to respond to major emergencies such as public health.

Section IV Encouraging the Eastern Region to Accelerate Modernization

We will leverage our strengths in the concentration of factors of innovation, accelerate breakthroughs in innovation-driven development, and encourage the eastern region to take the lead in achieving high-quality development. We will accelerate the development of world-class advanced manufacturing clusters, lead the development of emerging industries and modern service industries, raise the efficiency of factor output, and take the lead in industrial upgrading. We will take part in international economic cooperation and competition at a higher level, create new advantages in opening up, and take the lead in establishing an all-around open economic system. We will support Shenzhen in building a pilot demonstration zone for socialism with Chinese characteristics, Pudong in building a leading zone for socialist modernization, and Zhejiang in building a demonstration zone for high-quality development and common prosperity. We will further develop the Shandong Comprehensive Pilot Zone to replace old growth drivers with new ones.

Section V Support the Development of Special Types of Regions

We will promote the revitalization of old revolutionary base areas in a coordinated way, develop industries with distinctive features in light of local conditions, carry forward the red culture, support the former central Soviet areas in Jiangxi, Fujian and Guangdong in demonstrating high-quality development, and promote the green and innovative development of old revolutionary base areas in Shaanxi, Gansu and Ningxia, the Dabie Mountains, the Zuo and Youjiang rivers, Sichuan and Shaanxi provinces, and Yimeng provinces. We will promote comprehensive management of ecologically degraded areas and the protection and restoration of ecologically fragile areas, and support the construction of the Bijie Pilot Zone. We will promote the development of demonstration zones for sustainable development and pilot zones for transformation and innovation in resource-based areas, and carry out projects to comprehensively improve subsidence areas and upgrade independent industrial and mining areas. We will restructure the competitive advantages of manufacturing in old industrial bases and build demonstration zones for industrial transformation and upgrading. Improve the infrastructure of state – owned forest farms. We will take multiple measures to solve the difficulties in production and living in high-altitude areas. We will work to bring prosperity to border areas and their people, stabilize border areas and strengthen border areas, greatly improve working and living conditions in border areas, improve the system of towns and cities along the border, support the construction of border ports, and speed up the construction of villages and towns and corridors reaching the border. We will promote innovative development of border trade. We will increase targeted support for the development of key border areas.

Section 6: Improving the systems and mechanisms for coordinated regional development

We will establish and improve mechanisms for coordinating regional strategies, integrating market development, regional cooperation and mutual assistance, and compensating regional interests, so as to better promote common development between developed and underdeveloped regions, as well as the eastern, central, western, and northeastern regions. We will raise the level and level of regional cooperation, and support interprovincial border areas in exploring new cooperation mechanisms featuring unified planning, unified management, joint contribution, and shared benefits. We will improve the mechanism for transfer payments to underdeveloped areas, gradually ensure equal access to basic public services, and guide the flow of talented people to the west and to difficult and remote areas. We will improve mechanisms for regional cooperation and interest adjustment, support various forms of interest compensation between the upper and lower reaches of river basins, major grain-producing areas and regions where resources are exported and imported, and encourage the exploration of profit-sharing models such as jointly building industrial parks and enclave economies. We will strengthen the awareness of a community of the Chinese nation, increase support for the development of ethnic minority areas, carry out comprehensive, in-depth and sustained publicity and education on ethnic unity and progress, and promote exchanges, exchanges and integration among all ethnic groups.

We will work in concert to protect the Marine ecology, develop the Marine economy and safeguard maritime rights and interests, and accelerate our efforts to build China into a maritime power.

Section I Constructing a Modern Marine Industrial System

We will make breakthroughs in a number of key and core technologies in Marine engineering, Marine resources, and the Marine environment. We will foster and strengthen the Marine engineering equipment and Marine biomedicine industries, promote seawater desalination and large-scale utilization of Marine energy, and improve the development of Marine culture and tourism. We will improve the distribution of green aquaculture in coastal areas, develop Marine pastures, and develop sustainable pelagic fisheries. We will develop a number of high-quality demonstration zones for Marine economic development and distinctive Marine industrial clusters, and comprehensively improve the development of the three major Marine economic zones in the northern, eastern and southern regions. We will deepen maritime cooperation with neighboring countries based on the coastal economic belt.

Section 2: Creating a Sustainable Marine Ecological Environment

We will explore ways to establish a comprehensive governance system that integrates coastal areas, river basins and sea areas. We will tighten control over sea reclamation, strengthen comprehensive management of coastal zones and protect coastal wetlands. We will expand the total amount of pollutants discharged into the sea and ensure the water quality of river sections entering the sea. We will accelerate comprehensive improvement of key sea areas, establish a linkage mechanism for pollution prevention and control in river basins, estuaries and coastal waters, and promote the protection and development of beautiful bays. We will guard against major environmental risks such as oil spills and dangerous chemical leaks at sea, and improve our ability to respond to natural disasters and environmental emergencies at sea. We will improve the system for protecting coastlines and paying for the use of sea areas and uninhabited islands, and explore the system of retreat lines for coastal buildings and the system of compensation for damage to the Marine ecological environment. The natural coastline should be protected at least 35 percent of the time.

Section III: Intensive Participation in Global Maritime Governance

We will actively develop the Blue Partnership, deeply participate in the formulation and implementation of the international maritime governance mechanism and relevant rules, promote the building of a just and equitable international maritime order, and build a community with a shared future for the oceans. We will deepen practical cooperation with coastal countries in Marine environmental monitoring and protection, scientific research, maritime search and rescue, and strengthen surveys and assessments of strategic deep-sea resources and biodiversity. We will participate in practical cooperation in the Arctic and build a “Ice Silk Road”. We will enhance our capacity to participate in the protection and utilization of Antarctica. We will strengthen situation assessment, risk prevention and legal struggle, strengthen judicial work on maritime affairs, and resolutely safeguard China’s maritime rights and interests. We will advance legislation on the Basic Law of the Ocean in an orderly manner.

Adhere to marxist guiding status in the field of ideology, cultural self-confidence, adhere to the socialist core values guide cultural construction, the surrounding for flags, morale and people, culture, studies show that the image of the mission, promote to satisfy people’s cultural needs and improve the people’s spiritual power unifies, promote the power of socialist culture construction.

We will strengthen socialist cultural and ethical progress, foster and practice core socialist values, and promote the formation of ideas, attitudes, civilized customs, and codes of conduct that meet the requirements of the new era.

The first section promotes the normalization and institutionalization of ideal and belief education

We will intensify studies and education on Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, and improve the system of arming the whole Party and educating the people with the Party’s innovative theories. To establish and perfect the system of the “don’t forget the beginner’s mind, keep in mind that the mission” and a long-term mechanism, to strengthen and improve ideological and political work and continue to develop socialism with Chinese characteristics and the Chinese dream propaganda education, strengthening the party history, the history of new Chinese history, the history of reform and opening up, the socialist education, strengthen the education of patriotism, collectivism and socialism, strengthen the revolutionary cultural interpretation research and publicity and education, strive to carry forward the party and the people in each historical period in the formation of the great spirit. We will improve the legal and policy system for promoting core socialist values, incorporate the requirements of core socialist values into the rule of law and social governance, and incorporate them into the entire process of educating the people, promoting cultural progress, and creating and producing cultural products. We will improve the mechanism for the education of ideals and beliefs among young people.

Section II Developing Philosophy and Social Sciences with Chinese Characteristics

We will strengthen comprehensive and systematic research, publication, dissemination, publicity and interpretation of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, and work to adapt Marxism to China’s conditions, The Times, and the popularity of Marxism. We will thoroughly carry out the project to research and develop Marxist theory, promote the development of the Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era (Academies) and the Center for Research on the System of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics, and establish learning platforms for making China a strong country by learning. We will develop a discipline system, an academic system, and a discourse system for philosophy and social sciences with Chinese characteristics, deepen the implementation of the philosophy and social sciences innovation project, and strengthen the building of new types of think tanks with Chinese characteristics.

Section Three: Inheriting and Carrying Forward Excellent Traditional Chinese Culture

We will carry out in-depth programs to carry forward and develop fine traditional Chinese culture, strengthen systematic protection of important cultural and natural heritage and intangible cultural heritage, and promote creative transformation and innovative development of fine traditional Chinese culture. We will strengthen scientific and technological innovation in cultural relics, carry out projects to explore the origins of Chinese civilization and explore China, carry out a survey of Chinese cultural resources, strengthen the protection, research and use of cultural relics and ancient books, promote the protection of revolutionary cultural relics and historic sites, and improve the system for recovering and returning lost cultural relics. We will build national cultural parks along the Great Wall, the Grand Canal, the Long March, and the Yellow River, and strengthen protection of world cultural heritages, cultural relic protection units, archaeological site parks, and famous historical and cultural cities, towns, and villages. We will improve the system for protecting and passing on our intangible cultural heritage and strengthen the protection and passing on of the fine traditional handicrafts of all ethnic groups.

Section IV Continuously Enhance Civic Literacy

We will promote civic morality and vigorously promote social, professional, family, and personal morality. Publicize and study the winners of national MEDALS and titles of national honor as well as the role models, moral models, the most beautiful people and the good people around them. We will carry out the project to promote civilization, expand the development of centers for practicing civilization in the new era, conduct selection and commend of civilized cities, villages and towns, units, schools, and families in a scientific and standardized manner, and deepen the ideological and moral development of minors. We will improve social norms such as civic conventions, village rules and regulations, student codes of conduct, and association articles, and establish mechanisms for punishing immoral behaviors. Carry forward the culture of integrity and build a society of integrity. We will extensively carry out volunteer service and care activities. Advocate hard work, diligence and frugality, and carry out publicity and education with the theme of creating happiness through work. We will strengthen the construction of cyber civilization and develop a positive and healthy cyber culture.

We should keep to the orientation of serving the people and socialism, adhere to the principle of letting a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred schools of thought contend, strengthen the system of public cultural services and institutional innovation, strengthen the dissemination and promotion of Chinese culture and exchanges and mutual learning among civilizations, and better protect the cultural rights and interests of the people.

Section 1 Strengthening the Creation, Production and Dissemination of Excellent Cultural Works

We should take improving quality as the lifeline of literary and artistic works and improve our ability to create original works of literature and art. We will carry out a project to improve the quality of literary and artistic works, improve the planning and organization mechanism for the creation of works about major realities, revolutions, and history, strengthen the creation of works about rural areas and children, and constantly produce fine works of literature and art that reflect the new trends of The Times and extol the people’s new creations. We will establish and improve an incentive mechanism and an evaluation system for the creation, production, dissemination, guidance, and promotion of cultural products, and promote a healthy and clean literary and artistic ecosystem. We will strengthen the construction of cultural personnel, and train and train high-caliber creative talents and masters of virtue and art.

Section 2 Improving the Public Cultural Service System

We will optimize the allocation of cultural resources in urban and rural areas, and promote the integration of urban and rural public cultural service systems. We will make innovations in carrying out cultural projects that benefit the people, improve the functions of community-level comprehensive cultural service centers, and launch a wide range of mass cultural activities. Public libraries, cultural centers, art galleries, museums and other public cultural venues will be open to the public free of charge and digitalized. We will promote in-depth media integration and strengthen new mainstream media. We will improve the emergency broadcasting system, and carry out the project of securing border areas for smart radio and television and rural areas. Developing archival undertakings. We will further promote reading among the people, build a “literate China”, and improve and upgrade film screening in rural areas. We will make innovations in the mechanism for the operation of public cultural services and encourage nongovernmental participation in the supply of public cultural services and in the construction and operation of public cultural services.

The third section is to enhance the influence of Chinese culture

We will strengthen cultural exchanges with other countries and dialogue among civilizations at various levels. We will make new efforts to promote international communication. We will tell China’s stories well, spread China’s voice well, and promote closer people-to-people ties through both online and offline. Activities such as “Feel China”, “Visit China” and “Audio-Visual China” will be held, and the Chinese Culture Year and Tourism Year will be held successfully. We will establish a platform for Chinese language communication and a global communication system for Chinese language and culture and an international standard system for Chinese language education.

We will continue to give top priority to social benefits, integrate social benefits with economic benefits, and improve the modern cultural industry system and market system.

Section 1: Expand the Supply of Quality Cultural Products

We will implement the strategy of digitizing the cultural industry, accelerate the development of new types of cultural enterprises, forms of cultural business, and modes of cultural consumption, and strengthen the digital creative, online audio-visual, digital publishing, digital entertainment, and online broadcasting industries. We will accelerate efforts to improve the production and broadcasting capacity of ultra-high-definition TV programs, upgrade TV channels to high-definition, and promote applications such as immersive video and cloud broadcasting. We will implement the cultural brand strategy and create a number of influential and representative cultural brands. We will foster key cultural enterprises, standardize the development of cultural industrial parks, and promote the construction of regional cultural industrial belts. We will actively develop foreign cultural trade, open up overseas cultural markets, encourage excellent traditional cultural products and digital cultural products such as films, television dramas and games to go global, and strengthen the construction of national cultural export bases.

Section 2: Promoting the Integrated Development of Culture and Tourism

Adhere to the culture of tourism, travel to enhance the culture, to create a unique Chinese cultural tourism experience. We will further develop mass tourism and smart tourism, make innovations in the system of tourism products, and improve the experience of tourism consumption. We will strengthen the integration of regional tourism brands and services, build a number of culturally rich world-class tourist attractions and resort areas, and build a number of state-level tourism and leisure cities and districts with distinctive cultural characteristics. We will promote the innovative development of red tourism, cultural heritage tourism, and tourism and performing arts; improve the quality of services such as vacation, leisure, and rural tourism; and improve policies for the development of cruise ships, yachts, and low-altitude tourism. We will improve tourism infrastructure and the distribution and distribution system, promote the revolution in tourist toilets, and strengthen the development of smart scenic spots. Establishment of tourism service quality evaluation system, standardize online tourism management services.

Section 3 Deepening the Reform of the Cultural System

We will improve the cultural management system and production and operation mechanisms and enhance the effectiveness of cultural governance. We will improve the systems and mechanisms for managing state-owned cultural assets, deepen the reform of nonprofit cultural institutions, and advance the reform of the corporate governance structure of public cultural institutions. We will deepen the reform of state-owned cultural enterprises based on their categories, and advance the reform of state-owned art troupes and theater chains. We will improve the comprehensive law enforcement system for cultural markets, and formulate laws and regulations in areas such as online protection of minors and audio-visual dissemination of information on the Internet.

Adhere to the green water castle peak is the jinshan yinshan concept, insist on respect for nature, comply with the nature, protect nature, adhere to save and protect the preference, natural restoration is given priority to, implement the strategy of sustainable development, improve the mechanisms for coordinating areas of ecological civilization as a whole, build system of ecological civilization, promote economic and social development of comprehensive green transformation, the construction of beautiful China.

We will continue to improve the systems of mountains, rivers, forests, farmland, lakes, and grasslands, and strive to make ecosystems more capable of self-repair and more stable, guard natural ecological security boundaries, and improve the quality of natural ecosystems as a whole.

Section I Improving the System of Ecological Security Barrier

We will strengthen territorial space planning and control over its use, and draw and implement red lines for ecological protection, permanent basic farmland, boundaries for urban development, and protection lines for all types of sea areas. Red line with national key ecological function areas, ecological protection, such as national nature reserve as the focus, the implementation of major projects important ecosystem protection and restoration, accelerate the qinghai-tibet plateau ecological barrier zone, the Yangtze river, Yellow River key zone key ecological regions and the northeast forest zone, the north sand belt, southern hilly mountain belt, coastal zone ecological barrier construction, etc. We will strengthen ecological protection and improvement of major rivers such as the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers and major lakes and wetlands, and strengthen the construction and protection of major ecological corridors. We comprehensively strengthened the protection of natural forests and wetlands, and raised the proportion of wetlands under protection to 55 percent. We will make scientific efforts to comprehensively control soil erosion, desertification and stony desertification, carry out large-scale land afforestation, and introduce the forest-chief system. Scientific weather modification activities are carried out. We will promote the recuperation of grasslands, forests, rivers and lakes, improve the system of fallow and rotation of cultivated land, and consolidate the achievements made in returning farmland to forests and grasslands, returning farmland to lakes and wetlands, and returning fenced land to beaches and seas.

Section 2: Establishing a System of Protected Natural Areas

We will scientifically delimit the areas and functional zoning of protected natural areas, accelerate their integration, integration and optimization, and build a system of protected natural areas with national parks as the mainstay, nature reserves as the basis, and nature parks as the supplement. We will strictly control non-ecological activities within protected natural areas, and steadily promote the orderly withdrawal of residents, arable land, and mining rights in the core areas. We will improve the management system and operation mechanism for national parks, and establish a number of national parks in an integrated manner. We will carry out major projects to protect biodiversity, build a biodiversity conservation network, strengthen key state protection and the protection and restoration of rare and endangered wild animals and plants and their habitats, and strengthen the control of alien species. We will improve policies on land and sea use for ecological protection and restoration. We will improve the system for monitoring protected natural areas and red lines for ecological protection, and carry out monitoring and evaluation of the effectiveness of ecosystem protection.

Section 3 Improving the Compensation Mechanism for Ecological Protection

We will increase transfer payments to key ecological function zones, major river system headwaters, and protected natural areas, and encourage beneficiary areas, protected areas, and upstream and downstream river basins to make horizontal ecological compensation through various forms, such as capital compensation and industrial support. We will improve market-based and diversified ecological compensation, and encourage all types of private capital to participate in ecological protection and restoration. We will improve the ecological compensation system for forests, grasslands and wetlands. We will promote the establishment of whole-basin ecological compensation mechanisms in major river basins such as the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers. We will establish a mechanism for realizing the value of ecological products, and carry out trials in the Yangtze River Valley and the Sanjiangyuan National Park. We will formulate and implement regulations on compensation for ecological protection.

We will continue to fight the battle of pollution prevention and control, establish a sound environmental governance system, carry out precise, scientific, law-based and systematic pollution control, work in concert to reduce pollution and carbon emissions, constantly improve the quality of the air and water environment, and effectively control the risks of soil pollution.

Section 1: Intensive Action to Prevent and Control Pollution

We will continue to prevent and control pollutants at the source, adopt a comprehensive approach, and strengthen coordinated control of multiple pollutants and coordinated treatment among regions. We will strengthen the management of urban air quality to meet standards, promote coordinated control of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone (O3), reduce the PM2.5 concentration in cities at and above the prefectural level by 10%, effectively curb the increase in O3 concentration, and basically eliminate heavy pollution days. We will continue to improve air quality in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and its surrounding areas, in the Fenhe and Weihe River Plain, and in the Yangtze River Delta region. We will work in light of local conditions to promote clean heating in northern China, upgrade industrial furnaces, and upgrade the non-electricity sector to achieve ultra-low emissions. We will accelerate comprehensive control of volatile organic compounds emissions, and reduce total emissions of nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds by more than 10 percent each. Improve the water pollution prevention and control of river basin cooperation mechanism, strengthen the key river, major lakes and urban water body and nearshore comprehensive governance, pushing forward the construction of the beautiful lakes protection and cod and ammonia nitrogen emissions were down 8%, basically eliminated bad Ⅴ class urban black smelly control section and water. We will carry out standardized development of urban drinking water sources, and move forward with the relocation and renovation of heavily polluting enterprises in key river basins. We will promote the control and restoration of contaminated arable land and construction land, and carry out coordinated prevention and control of soil and water environment risks. We will strengthen prevention and control of plastic pollution throughout the chain. We will strengthen control of environmental noise pollution. We will attach importance to the control of new pollutants.

Section II. Enhance the level of environmental infrastructure in an all-round way

We will build an environmental infrastructure system that integrates facilities for the treatment and disposal of sewage, garbage, solid waste, hazardous waste and medical waste, as well as monitoring and supervision capabilities, and form an environmental infrastructure network that extends from cities to towns and villages. We will promote the full coverage of urban sewage pipe networks, carry out differentiated and precise upgrading of sewage treatment, and promote the use of centralized incineration of sewage sludge for harmless treatment. 90% of urban sewage sludge is safely disposed of, and the utilization rate of urban sewage for water shortage at prefectural level and above exceeds 25%. Constructing a household garbage treatment system of classified release, classified collection, classified transport and classified treatment. Facilities for the centralized utilization and disposal of hazardous waste will be laid out with the main industrial bases as the key points. We will accelerate the construction of centralized medical waste treatment facilities in cities at and above the prefectural level, and improve the system for the collection, transportation and disposal of medical waste at the county level.

Section 3 Strict Prevention and Control of Environmental Risks

We will establish and improve mechanisms for assessing, warning and responding to emergencies from key risk sources. We will comprehensively crack down on illegal stockpiles of solid waste, and improve our ability to supervise hazardous waste and prevent risks. We will strengthen monitoring and early warning of heavy metal pollution in key areas and industries. We will improve the environmental risk management system for toxic and hazardous chemicals, and complete the relocation and renovation of hazardous chemicals production enterprises in key areas. We will tighten oversight over nuclear and radiation safety and work to prevent and control radioactive pollution. We will establish a post-ecological and environmental emergency assessment mechanism and a public health impact assessment system. We will introduce compulsory environmental pollution liability insurance in high-risk sectors.

Section IV. Actively Responding to Climate Change

We will implement the 2030 Indetermined Nationally Determined Contributions to Climate Change, and formulate an action plan for peaking carbon emissions by 2030. We will improve both the total amount of energy consumed and the intensity of energy consumed, with the focus on controlling fossil energy consumption. We will implement a carbon intensity control system with total carbon emissions as a supplement, and support local governments, key industries and key enterprises to take the lead in achieving peak carbon emissions when conditions permit. We will promote clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient use of energy, and further promote low-carbon transformation in industry, construction, transportation and other sectors. We will step up efforts to control methane, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons and other greenhouse gases. Enhance the carbon sequestration capacity of ecosystems. Anchor efforts to become carbon neutral by 2060, with more robust policies and measures. We will strengthen observation and assessment of the impact of global warming on vulnerable areas in China, and improve the capacity of urban and rural development, agricultural production, and infrastructure to adapt to climate change. We will strengthen comprehensive scientific research on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Adhere to the principle of fairness, common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, we will take a constructive part in and lead international cooperation on climate change, promote the implementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and its Paris Agreement, and actively carry out South-South cooperation on climate change.

Section 5 Improving the Modern Environmental Governance System

We will establish an ecological and environmental governance system that integrates the above ground, underground, land and sea. We will implement the emission permit system across the board, issue emission permits for all fixed pollution sources, encourage industrial pollution sources to meet emission standards within a specified time limit, and promote market-based trading of emission rights, energy consumption rights, water rights, and carbon emission rights. We will improve the management of binding targets for environmental protection, energy conservation and emissions reduction. We will improve the management and protection mechanisms for rivers and lakes, and strengthen the systems of river and lake chiefs. We will strengthen auditing of leading officials’ natural resource assets when they leave office. We will improve the central supervision system for ecological and environmental protection. We will improve the vertical management system for monitoring, supervision and law enforcement of ecological and environmental institutions below the provincial level, advance the reform of comprehensive law enforcement for ecological and environmental protection, and improve the public interest litigation system for ecological and environmental protection. We will make environmental information more public, strengthen the system of corporate responsibility for environmental governance, improve the mechanism for public oversight, reporting and feedback, and guide social organizations and the public to participate in environmental governance. (To be continued)

(Note: PM2.5 is PM plus 2.5 in the lower right corner, O3 is O plus 3 in the lower right corner)

We will give top priority to ecology and pursue green development, promote total resource management, scientific allocation, comprehensive conservation and recycling, and jointly promote high-quality economic development and high-level protection of the ecological environment.

Section 1: Improve the efficiency of resource utilization in an all-round way

Insisted that energy conservation priority policy, deepen industrial, construction, transportation and other fields, and public institutions, to promote 5 g, big emerging areas such as data center efficiency, strengthening the management of key energy-using units, energy conservation and energy system optimization and energy saving technical reconstruction of key projects, such as speed up the energy consumption quota, product equipment mandatory national standard system revision of energy efficiency. We will implement a national water-saving initiative, establish a rigid water resource constraint system, improve the efficiency of water conservation in agriculture, conserve water and reduce emissions in industry, and reduce losses from water conservation in urban areas. We will encourage the use of recycled water, and reduce water consumption per unit of GDP by about 16%. Strengthen the economical and intensive utilization of land, increase the intensity of batch without and idle land disposal, revitalize the town inefficient use of land, and support for industrial and mining waste recovery utilization of land, improve land composite use, three-dimensional development support policy, new construction land scale control within the 29.5 million mu, drive unit of construction land use area of steady decline in GDP. We will improve the exploitation and protection of mineral resources, develop green mining and build green mines.

Section 2 Constructing the Resource Recycling Utilization System

We will fully promote the concept of a circular economy and build a multi-tiered system for efficiently recycling and using resources. We will push forward the transformation of industrial parks into more circular forms, complete and extend industrial chains, and promote the step-by-step utilization of energy and resources, the recycling of waste, and the centralized disposal of pollutants. We will strengthen the comprehensive utilization of bulk solid waste and standardize the development of the remanufacturing industry. We will accelerate the development of circular agriculture that combines farming with farming. We will strengthen the planning and construction of waste recycling facilities and improve the urban waste recycling and sorting system. We will promote “reverse recycling” and other models for production enterprises, and establish and improve a resource recycling system that integrates online and offline resources and controls the flow of resources. We will expand the coverage of the extended producer responsibility system. We will push forward the reduction, standardization and recycling of express packages.

Section 3 Vigorously Developing Green Economy

We will resolutely curb the blind development of high-energy consuming and high-emission projects, and promote positive development through green transformation. We will strengthen energy conservation and environmental protection, clean production, clean energy, the ecological environment, green infrastructure upgrading, and green services industries, and promote contract-based energy management, contract-based water conservation, and third-party treatment of environmental pollution. We will promote clean and efficient use of coal and other fossil fuels, promote green upgrading of the steel, petrochemical, and building materials industries, and accelerate the development of the “revolution rail” and “revolution water” transport of bulk goods and medium – and long-distance goods. We will promote the electrification of urban public transport and logistics delivery vehicles. We will put in place a market-oriented system for green technology innovation, carry out initiatives to tackle key green technology innovation issues, and raise the resource efficiency of key industries and products. We will establish a unified system of green product standards, certification, and labeling, and improve the promotion mechanism for energy-efficient home appliances, high-efficiency lighting products, and water-saving appliances. We will intensify efforts to promote green living.

Section Four: Establishing a Green Development Policy System

We will strengthen legal and policy safeguards for green development. We will implement tax policies conducive to energy conservation, environmental protection and comprehensive utilization of resources. We will vigorously develop green finance. We will improve the system for paying for the use of natural resources, and innovate and improve pricing mechanisms for natural resources, sewage and garbage treatment, and water and energy use. We will press ahead with the reform of the review and supervision of energy conservation in fixed asset investment projects and the management system for key energy-using units. We will improve the “front-runner” system for energy efficiency and water efficiency. We will strengthen the management of water use quotas in industries with high water consumption. We will deepen the development of pilot zones for promoting ecological progress. We will further promote the development of the Shanxi Provincial Experiment Zone for Comprehensive and Supporting Reform in the Transformation of the Resource-based Economy and the pilot comprehensive reform of the energy revolution.

Carrying out High-level Opening Up and Exploiting New Situation of Win-Win Cooperation

We will continue to open up in a wider range, in a wider range of areas, and at a deeper level. We will draw on the strength of China’s huge market to promote international cooperation, achieve mutual benefit and win-win results, promote the joint development of the “One Belt And One Road”, and promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind.

We will open wider to the outside world in all respects, promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, continue to deepen opening-up based on the flow of goods and factors of production, and steadily expand institutional opening-up based on rules, regulations, management, and standards.

Section I: Accelerating Institutional Opening Up

We will establish an institutional system and a regulatory model that is in line with the prevailing international rules. We will improve the management system of pre-establishment national treatment plus a negative list for foreign investment, further reduce the negative list for foreign investment, implement post-establishment national treatment, and level the playing field for domestic and foreign-invested enterprises. We will put in place a sound management system for cross-border trade in services on a negative list, and improve the system for promoting technology trade. We will steadily advance the opening up of banking, securities, insurance, funds, futures and other financial sectors, deepen the connectivity of domestic and overseas capital markets, and improve the system of qualified foreign investors. We will advance the internationalization of the RMB in a prudent manner, adhere to the principle that the market is driven and enterprises make independent choices, and foster a new type of mutually beneficial cooperation based on the free use of the RMB. We will improve the administration of entry and exit, customs, foreign exchange, taxation and other links.

Section 2: Enhancing the Functions of the Open Platform

We will coordinate the development of various platforms for opening up, and create new heights of opening up that will take the level of opening up to a higher level, create a better business environment, and play a stronger role in opening up. We will improve the layout of pilot free trade zones, grant them greater autonomy in their reform, deepen explorations of innovative, integrated, and differentiated reforms, and actively copy and spread their achievements in institutional innovation. Steadily push forward construction of free trade port in hainan, in order to trade in goods “zero tariff”, trade in services “access and quasi camp” for the direction to promote trade liberalization and facilitation, greatly ease market access, and fully implementing “minimalist” examination and approval system of investment, cross-border securities investment and financing reform pilot cross-border transmission and data safety management, the implementation of a more open talent, entry and exit, transportation policy, establish the free trade port in hainan, preliminarily established the system of free trade port policy and system with Chinese characteristics. We will make innovations to upgrade state-level new areas and development zones, promote high-level opening up of comprehensive bonded zones, improve the functions of key pilot zones for development and opening up along border areas, border economic cooperation zones, and cross-border economic cooperation zones, and support Ningxia, Guizhou, and Jiangxi in developing inland pilot economic zones for opening up.

Section Three: Optimizing the Regional Open Layout

We will encourage all localities to open wider to the outside world based on their comparative advantages, strengthen inter-regional connectivity in opening up, and build an opening pattern featuring land and sea connectivity and mutual benefit between the east and the west. We will consolidate the leading position of the eastern coastal areas and megacities in opening up, and take the lead in advancing all-round, high-quality opening up. We will accelerate the opening up of the central and western regions and the northeast, support the relocation of industries from home and abroad, foster major global processing and manufacturing bases and new growth poles, and explore the possibility of opening more first-class ports in inland areas to make them the frontiers of opening up. We will promote high-quality development in border development and opening up, accelerate innovative development of border trade, and better leverage the role of key ports and border cities in connecting the two sides. We will support Guangxi in developing itself into a champion of opening-up and cooperation with ASEAN, and Yunnan into a center of openness to South and Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean Rim region.

Section IV Improving the Open Security Guarantee System

We will put in place a regulatory and risk prevention and control system commensurate with a higher level of opening-up. We will improve the early warning system for industrial injury, enrich policy tools such as trade adjustment assistance and trade remedies, and properly handle economic and trade frictions. We will improve the systems for national security review, anti-monopoly review, management of the national technology safety list and the list of unreliable entities for foreign investment. We will establish a global supply chain risk warning system for important resources and products, and strengthen international cooperation on supply chain guarantee. We will strengthen monitoring of international payments and keep the basic balance of payments and foreign exchange reserves basically stable. We will strengthen monitoring of foreign assets and liabilities, and establish a sound supervision system for all foreign debt. We will improve the classified and hierarchical supervision system for overseas investment. We will build a system for protecting overseas interests and for early warning and prevention of risks. We will improve the infrastructure support capacity of diplomatic missions overseas, improve the systems and mechanisms for consular protection, and safeguard the safety and legitimate rights and interests of Chinese citizens and institutions overseas.

We should adhere to the principle of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits, uphold the principles of green, open and clean governance, deepen practical cooperation, strengthen security guarantee and promote common development.

Section I: Enhancing the synergy between development strategies and policies

We will promote synergy between strategies, plans, and mechanisms, and enhance connectivity in policies, rules, and standards. We will explore new ways of complementarity, work for effective implementation of the documents already signed, work for the signing of investment protection agreements and double taxation avoidance agreements with more countries, strengthen cooperation in customs, taxation and supervision, and promote higher level of integration in customs clearance. We will expand areas for complementarity of rules, and strengthen cooperation on complementarity of rules in financing, trade, energy, digital information and agriculture. We should promote synergy and synergy between the One Belt And One Road initiative and regional and international development agendas.

Section 2: Promoting Infrastructure Connectivity

Promote sea skynet four integral whole unicom to “more than six galleries all allied port” as the basic framework, to build the new asia-europe continental bridge economic corridor as the lead, such as central Europe trains, Lu Haixin channel channel and the information highway as skeleton, relying on the rail, ports, and network interconnection network, build a new channel international sea trade. We will focus on key corridors and cities, promote the construction of major cooperation projects in an orderly manner, and integrate high-quality, sustainable, risk-resistant, affordable, inclusive and accessible projects into the whole process of project construction. We will improve the quality of China-Europe freight trains and promote the formulation of rules for international land transport trade. Expand the brand influence of “Silk Road Shipping”. Fujian and Xinjiang will be promoted to build “One Belt And One Road” core areas. We will promote the construction of the “One Belt And One Road” spatial information corridor. Build a “Silk Road in the Air”.

Section 3 Deepening Practical Cooperation in Economy, Trade and Investment

We will promote the optimization and upgrading of trade and investment cooperation with One Belt And One Road countries, and actively develop Silk Road e-commerce. We will deepen international cooperation on production capacity, expand cooperation in third-party markets, build a mutually beneficial industrial and supply chain cooperation system, and expand two-way trade and investment. We will continue to focus on enterprises and the market, follow international practices and the principle of debt sustainability, and improve a diversified investment and financing system. We will make innovations in the financing cooperation framework and leverage the role of One Belt And One Road special loans and the Silk Road Fund. We will establish and improve the “One Belt And One Road” financial cooperation network, promote connectivity of financial infrastructure, and support multilateral and international financial institutions to participate in investment and financing. We will improve the One Belt And One Road risk prevention and control system and security guarantee system, strengthen legal service guarantee, and effectively prevent and defuse all kinds of risks.

Section four: building a bridge of mutual learning among civilizations

We will deepen people-to-people and cultural cooperation in public health, digital economy, green development, science, technology, education, culture and the arts, strengthen exchanges between parliaments, political parties, and non-governmental organizations, and increase exchanges among women, youth, and people with disabilities, so as to foster a pattern of diverse and interactive people-to-people exchanges. We will carry out the “One Belt And One Road” action plan for science, technology and innovation, and build a digital and innovation Silk Road. We will strengthen exchanges and cooperation on climate change, maritime cooperation, wildlife protection and desertification prevention and control, and promote the building of a green Silk Road. We will actively cooperate with One Belt And One Road countries in medical and health care and the prevention and control of infectious diseases, and build a health Silk Road.

We should hold high the banner of peace, development, cooperation and mutual benefit, adhere to an independent foreign policy of peace, promote the building of a new type of international relations, and make the global governance system more just and equitable.

Section I: Maintaining and Improving the Multilateral Economic Governance Mechanism

We will uphold the multilateral trading system, take an active part in the reform of the World Trade Organization, and resolutely safeguard the status of a developing member. We will encourage the G20 and other institutions to play their role in international economic cooperation, take a constructive part in economic governance cooperation in APEC, BRICS and other mechanisms, and put forward more Chinese initiatives and plans. We will encourage major multilateral financial institutions to deepen governance reform, support the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) and the New Development Bank (NDB) in playing a better role, and enhance their capacity to participate in international financial governance. We should promote international macro-economic policy communication and coordination, build a platform for international cooperation, and work together to maintain the stability of the global industrial chain and supply chain, the stability of the global financial market, and promote world economic growth. We will promote the formulation of economic governance rules in emerging sectors.

Section Two: Building a High-standard Free Trade Area Network

We will implement the strategy of upgrading free trade zones and build a global network of high-standard free trade zones. We will improve the layout of free trade areas, promote the implementation of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, speed up negotiations on the China-Japan-ROK free trade agreement, and steadily advance the building of the Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific. We will work to improve the development of free trade areas, actively consider joining the Comprehensive and Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership, and work to negotiate and conclude more high-standard free trade agreements and regional trade agreements.

Section 3 Creating a Good External Environment Actively

We will actively develop global partnerships, promote coordination and cooperation among major countries, deepen relations with neighboring countries, and strengthen solidarity and cooperation with other developing countries. We should uphold multilateralism and the principle of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits, uphold the international system with the United Nations at its core and the international order based on international law, and work together to meet global challenges. We will actively participate in international cooperation on the prevention and control of major infectious diseases and work to build a community of human health. We will deepen reform of foreign aid systems and mechanisms, optimize the distribution of foreign aid, provide assistance to the best of our ability to developing countries, especially the least developed countries, and strengthen foreign cooperation and assistance in such areas as health care, science, technology and education, green development, poverty reduction, human resources development and emergency humanitarian assistance. Actively implementing the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

We should give high priority to improving the quality of the people, build a high-quality education system and an all-around and full-cycle health system, optimize the population structure, expand the quality dividend of the population, and raise the level of human capital and the capacity for all-round development of the people.

We will fully implement the Party’s policy on education, give priority to the development of education, cultivate people through virtue, raise students’ literacy, awareness of social responsibility, and practical skills, and train them to be socialist builders and successors who develop morally, intellectually, physically, aesthetically, and diligently.

Section I: Promoting Equal Access to Basic Public Education

We will consolidate basic and balanced achievements in compulsory education, improve standards for running schools, and promote high-quality and balanced development of compulsory education and the integration of urban and rural areas. We will speed up the expansion of urban schools and ensure equal access to basic public education services for children of rural migrant workers. We will improve the conditions of small rural schools and boarding schools in towns and townships, strengthen the contingent of rural teachers, improve the quality and competence of rural teachers, improve the care system for left-behind children, and consolidate achievements in controlling dropout and ensuring school attendance in compulsory education. We consolidated and improved the availability of senior high school education, encouraged diversified development of senior high school schools, and raised the gross enrollment rate of senior high school education to over 92 percent. Standardize off-campus training. We will improve the mechanisms for ensuring universal pre-school education, special and specialized education, and increase the gross enrollment rate for preschool education to over 90 percent. We will improve the quality and level of education in ethnic minority areas, and step up efforts to popularize standard spoken and written Chinese.

The second section is to enhance the adaptability of vocational and technical education

Emphasizing the characteristics of vocational and technical (technical) education types, deepening reform and innovation, optimizing the structure and layout, and vigorously cultivating technical and technical personnel. We will improve the national standards for vocational and technical education, and introduce a system of “academic certificates + vocational skill grading certificates”. We will make innovations in the mode of running schools, deepen integration between industry and education, and cooperation between schools and enterprises. We will encourage enterprises to offer high-quality vocational and technical education, and explore apprenticeships with Chinese characteristics. We will implement a plan to improve the quality of modern vocational and technical education, develop a number of high-level vocational and technical colleges and specialties, and steadily develop vocational undergraduate education. We will deepen the integration of vocational education and realize mutual recognition and vertical flow between vocational and technical education and general education.

Section 3 Improving the Quality of Higher Education

We will advance the classified management of higher education and the comprehensive reform of institutions of higher learning, build a more diversified system of higher education, and raise the gross enrollment rate of higher education to 60 percent. We will develop first-class universities and disciplines in different categories, and support the development of high-quality research universities. We will develop high-quality undergraduate education, and encourage some regular undergraduate colleges and universities to shift their focus toward applied education. We will establish a mechanism for dynamic adjustment of disciplines and specialties and a guiding mechanism for distinctive development, make university disciplines more targeted, promote the reform of the training mode for high-level talents in basic disciplines, and accelerate the training of talents in science, industry, agriculture and medicine in short supply. We will strengthen the management of postgraduate training, improve the quality of postgraduate education, and steadily expand the scale of professional degree graduates. We will optimize the distribution of regional higher education resources and promote the revitalization of higher education in the central and western regions.

Section Four: Building a contingent of high-quality and professional teachers

We will establish a high-level modern teacher education system, strengthen teachers’ ethics, improve the policy system for teacher management and development, and enhance teachers’ ability to teach and educate students. We will focus on developing a number of bases for teacher education, support high-level comprehensive universities in conducting teacher education, improve the system of publicly funded education for normal university students, and advance the reform of exempting post-graduate students in education and publicly funded normal university students from examinations and recognizing the qualifications of teachers. We will support high-level engineering universities in offering vocational and technical teacher training programs, and establish a mechanism for institutions of higher learning, vocational schools and industrial enterprises to jointly train “double-qualified” teachers. We will deepen the comprehensive reform of the management of teachers in primary and secondary schools and kindergartens, coordinate the staffing and allocation of teachers and their cross-district adjustment, advance the reform of the management of compulsory education teachers under the supervision of counties and schools, and appropriately increase the proportion of middle – and senior-level teachers in positions.

Section V Deepening Educational Reform

We will deepen the reform of education evaluation in the new era, establish and improve education evaluation systems and mechanisms, develop quality-oriented education, and pay more attention to cultivating students’ patriotism, innovative spirit and healthy personality. We will adhere to the principle of public welfare in education, increase funding for education, reform and improve the management system for the use of funds, and improve the efficiency of the use of funds. We will ensure and expand school autonomy, improve the internal governance structure of schools, and guide the public to participate in school governance in an orderly manner. We will deepen comprehensive reform of examination and enrollment. We will support and standardize the development of private schools and carry out high-quality Chinese-foreign cooperation in running schools. We should give full play to the advantages of online education, improve the system of lifelong learning, and build a learning society. We will promote the opening of educational resources in high-level universities, improve the system of registered learning and flexible learning, and open channels for the mutual recognition and conversion of learning outcomes of different types.

We will give top priority to the protection of people’s health in the strategic position of development, adhere to the principle of putting prevention first, deepen the implementation of the Healthy China Initiative, improve the national health promotion policy, strengthen the national public health protection net, and provide the people with a full range of life-cycle health services.

Section I: Building a Strong Public Health System

We will reform the disease prevention and control system, and strengthen the functions of monitoring and early warning, risk assessment, epidemiological investigation, inspection and testing, and emergency response. We will establish a stable investment mechanism for public health services, improve the basic conditions for disease control, and strengthen the public health system at the community level. We will ensure that medical institutions are responsible for public health, and innovate mechanisms for coordinating medical treatment and prevention. We will improve the mechanism for monitoring, early warning and handling public health emergencies, strengthen the laboratory testing network, improve the system for medical treatment, scientific and technological support and material support, and enhance our ability to respond to public health emergencies. A network for treating infectious diseases at different levels has been established, a unified national public health emergency materials reserve system has been established and improved, and large public buildings are equipped with interfaces for epidemic prevention and rehabilitation. Strengthen epidemic prevention lines at ports. We will strengthen the development of schools of public health and personnel. We will improve public health service projects, expand the national immunization program, and strengthen the prevention, early screening and comprehensive intervention of chronic diseases. We will improve the mental health and mental health service system.

Section 2 Deepening the reform of the medical and health care system

We will adhere to the public nature of basic medical and health services, take improving the quality and efficiency of medical services as our guidance, and expand the supply of medical service resources with public medical institutions as the mainstay and non-public medical institutions as the supplement. We will strengthen the development of public hospitals, accelerate the establishment of a modern hospital management system, and deepen reform of governance structure, personnel and remuneration, staffing management, and performance appraisal. We will accelerate the expansion of high-quality medical resources and the balanced distribution of medical resources among regions, and build national and regional medical centers. We will strengthen the development of community-level medical and health services, and improve the network of urban and rural medical services, with the focus on community-level urban and rural hospitals, border port cities and county-level hospitals. We will accelerate the development of a tiered diagnosis and treatment system and actively develop medical consortia. We will strengthen the organic linkage between prevention, treatment, nursing and rehabilitation. We will advance the reform of centralized procurement and use of state-organized medicines and consumables in limited quantities, and develop high-end medical equipment. We will improve the mechanism for rapid review and approval of innovative drugs, vaccines, and medical devices, accelerate the review and approval of clinically urgent drugs and drugs for treating rare diseases and medical devices, and promote the early marketing of clinically urgent new drugs and medical devices that have been marketed abroad. We will improve the quality and scale of the training of medical personnel, increase the number of doctors in paediatrics and general practices who are in short supply, and increase the number of registered nurses to 3.8 per 1,000 people. Regional registration of doctors will be implemented, and doctors will be encouraged to practice in multiple institutions. We will steadily expand the scope of contracted services provided by family doctors in urban and rural areas and improve the quality of contracted services. We will support non-governmental organizations in running medical services and encourage experienced medical practitioners to open clinics.

Section 3 Improving the National Medical Insurance System

We will improve the mechanism for stable and sustainable financing of basic medical insurance and adjustment of benefits, improve the policy of paying for medical insurance and participating in medical insurance, and implement a medical insurance benefits list system. We will ensure overall planning of basic medical insurance at the city level and promote provincial-level planning. We will improve the mechanism of outpatient assistance for basic medical insurance, and improve the system of medical insurance and assistance for major diseases. We will improve the mechanism for dynamic adjustment of the medical insurance directory. We will carry out a diversified and compound medical insurance payment mode based on payment by disease type. Qualified online medical services will be included in the coverage of medical insurance payments, and settlement of out-of-place medical treatment will be implemented. We will make solid progress in standardizing and informationizing medical insurance, and improve the quality of its handling services. We will improve the regulatory mechanism for medical insurance funds. We will steadily establish a long-term care insurance system. We will actively develop commercial medical insurance.

Section Four: Promoting Inheritance and Innovation of Traditional Chinese Medicine

We should attach equal importance to traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine and draw on each other’s strengths, and vigorously develop traditional Chinese medicine. We will improve the TCM service system and give full play to the unique advantages of TCM in disease prevention, treatment and rehabilitation. We will strengthen the integration of traditional Chinese and western medicine and promote the development of ethnic minority medicine. We will strengthen the sorting and mining of the essence of classical medical books, build a platform for TCM science and technology support, reform and improve the mechanism for TCM review and approval, and promote the research, development, protection and industrial development of new TCM drugs. We will strengthen supervision over the quality of traditional Chinese medicine and improve its quality. We will strengthen the training of TCM professionals with distinctive characteristics, strengthen the inheritance and innovative development of TCM culture, and promote TCM to the world.

Section 5 Building a Nation in Sports

Extensive national fitness campaigns will be carried out to improve the people’s physical fitness. We will move the health gateway forward, and deepen the integration of sports, education, health, and tourism. We will improve the public service system for public fitness, promote the development of social sports venues and facilities and the opening and sharing of school venues and venues, increase the coverage of convenient fitness venues such as fitness trails, develop sports parks in light of local conditions, and support the construction of public sports facilities on beaches and other areas without impeding flood control safety. The time for physical education class and extracurricular exercise in schools should be guaranteed, and national physical fitness monitoring and intervention should be carried out with the focus on teenagers. We should attach equal importance to cultural education and professional training, strengthen the training of reserve talents in competitive sports, raise the competitive level of key sports, consolidate the advantages of traditional sports, explore the development path of football, basketball and volleyball with Chinese characteristics, continue to promote the development of ice and snow sports, and develop professional sports events with world influence. We will expand sports consumption and develop sports industries such as fitness, leisure and outdoor sports. We will successfully host the Winter Olympics and Paralympics in Beijing and the Asian Games in Hangzhou.

Section 6 Conducting in-depth patriotic health campaigns

We will enrich our patriotic health work and encourage the people to develop a civilized and healthy way of life. We will strengthen the construction of public health and environmental infrastructure, promote the improvement of urban and rural environmental sanitation, and strengthen the control of disease vectors. We will intensify efforts to create healthy cities and towns. Strengthen health education and popularization of health knowledge, establish good eating habits, stop food and beverage waste, carry out tobacco control and alcohol control actions, resolutely put an end to bad habits such as excessive eating of wild animals, and popularize living habits such as eating chopsticks for meals and garbage sorting.

We will formulate a long-term population development strategy, improve the family planning policy, improve the population service system with the focus on “one elderly person, one elderly person and one young person”, and promote long-term and balanced population development.

Section 1 Promoting the Realization of an Appropriate Fertility Level

We will make family planning policies more inclusive, promote their integration with economic and social policies, reduce the burden of family bearing, upbringing and education, and unleash the potential of family planning policies. We will improve policies on infant care, youth development, support for the elderly, and care for the sick and disabled, as well as the maternity leave system, and explore the implementation of parental leave for parents. We will improve whole-process services for prenatal and postnatal care, strengthen health services before and during pregnancy, and improve the quality of newborns. We will establish a sound system of all-around support and support for families with special difficulties in family planning. We will reform and improve the population statistics and monitoring system and closely monitor the fertility situation. We will deepen research on strategies for population development and improve the mechanism for comprehensive decision-making on population and development.

Section 2: Improving infant and young child development policies

We will develop a universal childcare service system, and improve the policy system for supporting infant care services and early development. We will strengthen support and guidance for family care and community services, and enhance the ability of scientific family parenting. We will strictly implement the policy of supporting kindergartens in urban communities, actively develop various forms of infant care service institutions, encourage employers to provide infant care services if conditions permit, support enterprises, public institutions, social organizations and other social forces to provide universal childcare services, and encourage kindergartens to develop integrated childcare services. We will promote the professional and standardized development of infant care services, and improve the quality and level of infant care and education.

Section Three: Improving the old-age service system

We will promote the coordinated development of old-age services and industries, improve the basic old-age services system, vigorously develop inclusive old-age services, support families in carrying out their functions for old-age care, and build an old-age services system in which home and community institutions coordinate and medical care and health care are integrated. We will improve the network of community home-based old-age care services, promote the upgrading of public facilities for the elderly, extend the services of professional institutions to communities, and integrate and utilize existing resources to develop community embedded old-age care. We will strengthen the provision of basic necessities for disabled and partially disabled elderly people in extreme poverty, and actively develop rural happiness homes for mutual assistance in elderly care. We will deepen the reform of public old-age care institutions, improve their service capacity and level, improve the public and private management mechanism, support the transformation of training and rehabilitation resources into old-age care, strengthen policy support for private nursing care institutions, and carry out special actions to promote the integration of old-age care cities and enterprises. We will strengthen health services for the elderly and integrate medical care with health care. We will strengthen the training of elderly care personnel, expand the supply of nursing beds in nursing institutions, and raise the proportion of nursing beds in nursing institutions to 55%, so as to better meet the needs of nursing services for disabled and mentally disabled elderly people. We will gradually improve the welfare of elderly people, and improve the system of subsidies for disabled elderly people with financial difficulties and the system of visits and care for disabled elderly people who stay behind in special difficulties. We will improve the comprehensive supervision system for elderly care services. We will build a social environment conducive to supporting the elderly, showing filial piety to them and respecting them, and strengthen protection of their rights and interests. Taking into account factors such as rising average life expectancy, accelerating aging of the population, increasing years of schooling, and changes in the structure of the labor force, we will gradually raise the mandatory retirement age in accordance with the principles of small adjustments, flexible implementation, differentiated development, and overall consideration, so as to make full use of human resources. We will develop the grey-haired economy, develop technologies and products suitable for aging, and foster new business forms such as smart elderly care.

Stick to do your best, strengths, and improve the basic public service system, to strengthen the construction of universality, basic, out of the people’s livelihood, improve work sharing of social governance system, set up to promote the common prosperity outline, and consciously take the initiative to narrow regional, urban and rural income gap, to make the development more fair benefit all the people, increasing people’s feeling, happiness and security.

We will move faster to strengthen weak links in basic public services, focus on strengthening weak areas in non-basic public services, and strive to improve the quality and level of public services.

Section I: Improving Equalization of Basic Public Services

We will work to unify the systems of basic public services between urban and rural areas and between regions, and effectively link their quality and level. We will establish and improve a standard system for basic public services in areas such as public education, employment and entrepreneurship, social insurance, medical and health care, social services, housing security, public culture and sports, preferential treatment for entitled groups, and services for persons with disabilities. We will clarify national standards and establish a dynamic adjustment mechanism, so as to achieve a balance between urban and rural areas and between regions at the standard level. We will coordinate the distribution, joint construction and sharing of basic public service facilities in accordance with the size of the permanent resident population and service radius, and encourage the extension of basic public service resources to communities at the community level, to rural areas, and to outlying areas and people with living difficulties.

Section 2: Innovating the ways of providing public services

We should distinguish basic from non-basic, highlight the government’s dominant role in the supply and guarantee of basic public services, and promote the diversification of the providers and methods of non-basic public services. We will support non-government forces in expanding the supply of universal normative services in areas such as childcare and elderly care, where there is a sharp contradiction between supply and demand, and ensure that all types of institutions providing universal normative services enjoy preferential policies on an equal basis. We will encourage nongovernmental participation in the supply of public services through public and private construction, government purchase of services, and cooperation between government and nongovernmental capital. We will deepen the reform of public institutions in the field of public services and create a market environment in which public institutions compete on a level playing field with non-government forces.

Section Three: Improving the Public Service Policy Guarantee System

We will improve the structure of government spending and give priority to ensuring basic public services to strengthen areas of weakness. We will clarify the powers and spending responsibilities of the central and local governments in the field of public services, and increase financial support from the central and provincial governments in providing basic public services. We will put more public service projects on the guiding list of government procurement of services, increase government procurement, and improve preferential policies on fiscal, financing, and land use. We will give equal treatment to both private and public institutions in terms of qualification access, professional title assessment, land supply, financial support, government procurement, supervision and management.

We will improve mechanisms for promoting fuller and higher quality employment, expand the capacity and quality of employment, and alleviate structural problems in employment.

Section I: Strengthening the Employment First Policy

We will make economic development more employment-oriented, and improve the mechanisms for assessing employment targets and responsibilities and assessing employment impacts. We will improve the employment support system for key groups such as college graduates, demobilized military personnel, and rural migrant workers. We will improve industrial policies linked to the capacity of job creation, support the development of the service sector, small, medium and micro businesses, and labor-intensive enterprises with strong employment capacity, and steadily expand the number of jobs in community supermarkets, convenience stores, and community services. We will promote equal employment, increase quality employment, focus on developing skills-intensive industries, support and standardize the development of new forms of employment, and expand government purchases of community-level education, medical care, and specialized social services. We will put in place a multi-channel and flexible employment mechanism to encourage business startups to create more jobs, comprehensively remove restrictive policies, and make the labor market more inclusive. We will coordinate urban and rural employment policies and actively guide rural workers to find jobs. We will provide more public welfare jobs, and focus on helping people with disabilities, zero-employment family members and others who have difficulty finding jobs.

Section 2: Improving the Public Service System for Employment

We will improve the public service system for employment that covers both urban and rural areas, strengthen the development of community-level public service platforms for employment and entrepreneurship, and provide free policy consultation, job referrals, and employment guidance to workers and enterprises. We will put in place a regular mechanism to help stabilize enterprises and make good use of employment subsidies and unemployment insurance funds in a coordinated way. We will improve the coordination mechanism between labor-importing regions and labor-exporting provinces, and strengthen the precise cross-regional coordination of labor forces. We will strengthen the protection of workers’ rights and interests, improve the labor contract system and the labor relations coordination mechanism, improve the long-term mechanism for the management of unpaid wages and the labor dispute mediation and arbitration system, and explore ways to establish a mechanism to protect the labor rights and interests of employees in new forms of business. We will improve the mechanisms for investigating employment needs and monitoring and early warning unemployment.

Section 3: Enhance Workers’ Ability to Find Employment and Start Businesses in an All-round Way

We will improve the lifelong skills training system and continue to carry out vocational skills training on a large scale. We will fully implement the campaign to improve vocational skills and the special training plan for key groups, and provide extensive skills training for employees working in new forms and models of business to effectively improve the quality of training. We will coordinate vocational skills training funds at all levels and of all types, make innovations in the way they are used, and ensure that training subsidies are channelized directly to enterprises and trainers. We will improve the policy on pre-tax deductions for training funds, and encourage enterprises to conduct training programs to improve their skills. Support to carry out ordering and meal training. We will build a number of public training bases and bases for the integration of industry and education, and promote the co-construction and sharing of training resources. We will make the national vocational skills competition a success.

We will ensure that personal income increases basically in step with economic growth and that labor remuneration increases basically in step with labor productivity, continue to raise the incomes of low-income groups, expand the middle-income group, and work more actively and effectively to promote common prosperity.

Section 1: Expand the channels for increasing residents’ income

We will continue to make distribution according to work the main part and have a variety of modes of distribution coexist, and increase the proportion of labor remuneration in primary distribution. We will improve the mechanism for determining wages, ensuring reasonable increases in wages and ensuring payment, improve the minimum wage and the mechanism for setting guidelines for wages, and actively promote the system of collective bargaining over wages. We will improve the policy and system of distribution based on factors of production, improve the mechanism whereby remuneration for various factors of production is determined by the market, and explore ways to increase the income of low – and middle-income groups from factors of production through the right to use land, capital and other factors of production and their usualities. We will improve the market-based salary distribution mechanism in SOEs and implement performance-based management for all employees. We will reform and improve the compensation system in public institutions that reflects job performance and is managed by different levels and categories. We will standardize labor dispatch and ensure equal pay for equal work. We will increase property income for urban and rural residents through multiple channels, increase the share of land-value gains for farmers, improve the dividend sharing system for listed companies, and create more financial products that meet the needs of household wealth management. We will improve the system by which state capital gains are turned over to public finance and increase public finance spending to ensure people’s wellbeing.

Section 2: Expand the middle-income group

We will implement the action plan to expand the middle-income group, and steadily increase the proportion of the middle-income group with the focus on college and vocational college graduates, skilled workers, and migrant workers. We will improve the employment matching of graduates from colleges and vocational schools and the labor force participation rate. We will expand channels for the promotion of skilled workers, open channels for non-public economic organizations, social organizations, and freelance professional and technical personnel to apply for professional titles and identify their skill levels, and raise the benefits and social status of skilled personnel. We will implement a program to cultivate high-quality farmers and use agricultural and rural resources and modern operation methods to increase incomes. We will improve policies to support small and micro entrepreneurs, and support groups of individuals, businesses and people with flexible employment, in making their fortunes through hard work.

Section 3 Perfecting the Redistribution Mechanism

We will increase regulation of taxation, social security, and transfer payments with greater intensity and precision, give full play to the role of charity and other secondary distribution, and improve the distribution of income and wealth. We will improve the direct tax system, improve the individual income tax system that combines comprehensive taxation with categorization, and strengthen tax regulation and supervision over high-income individuals. We will make social security benefits and services more equitable and accessible, and improve the dynamic adjustment mechanism for social security benefits. We will standardize the order of income distribution, protect legitimate income, properly regulate excessive income, ban illegal income, and curb the use of monopoly and unfair competition to obtain income. We will establish and improve a personal income and property information system. We will improve the modern system for monitoring payments and income.

We will adhere to the principle of providing all social security that is needed, and work faster to improve a fair, unified, and sustainable multi-tiered social security system that covers the entire population, integrates urban and rural areas, and is designed to meet the needs of most people, build a dense network, and build mechanisms.

Section I Reform and Improve the Social Insurance System

We will improve the old-age insurance system and promote long-term balance of basic old-age insurance funds. We will achieve national pooling of basic old-age insurance, relax conditions for people with flexible employment to participate in insurance, and ensure that all eligible people under the law are covered by social insurance. We will improve the system for transferring state capital to increase social security funds, and improve and strengthen the social security strategic reserve fund. We will improve the mechanism for adjusting basic pensions for urban workers and gradually raise basic pensions for both urban and rural residents. We will develop a multi-level and multi-pillar old-age insurance system, increase the coverage of enterprise annuities, and standardize the development of old-age insurance under the third pillar. We will make unemployment insurance and work-related injury insurance more widely available to professional workers, and achieve overall planning at the provincial level. We will promote the transfer and continuance of social insurance, and improve the unified national public service platform for social insurance.

Section 2: Improving the system of social assistance and charity

We will improve a tiered and classified social assistance system, with the focus on urban and rural recipients of subsistence allowances, people in special difficulties, and low-income families, and build a comprehensive pattern of assistance. We will improve the basic living assistance system and the special assistance system for medical treatment, education, housing, employment, and disaster victims, and improve the criteria for assistance and the mechanism for adjusting the dynamic status of aid recipients. We will improve policies and measures for temporary assistance and strengthen the function of social assistance in emergencies. We will strengthen coordination between urban and rural aid systems and gradually realize the application of aid for permanent residents. We will actively develop service-oriented social assistance and encourage the government to purchase social assistance services. We will promote the development of charities and improve fiscal and taxation incentive policies. We will standardize and develop online charity platforms, and strengthen the management of lottery tickets and public welfare funds.

Section 3 Improving the Work System and Security System for Ex-servicemen

We will improve the organization and management system, work operation system, policies and institutions for veterans’ affairs, and improve the level of services provided to veterans. We will deepen reform of the resettlement system for demobilized military personnel, increase support in education, training and employment, expand employment areas, and improve the quality of resettlement. We will establish and improve a new type of system for ensuring benefits to eligible groups, improve and implement preferential treatment policies, appropriately raise the standards of benefits for demobilized military personnel and other entitled groups, and do a good job in arranging, settling down in, and educating spouses and children who have been sent to military posts. We will improve the system of transfer, placement, treatment and recuperation for retired servicemen and wounded, sick and disabled servicemen, strengthen the development of service centers (stations) for veterans, and improve the quality of services provided by hospitals for special care, honor centers, and military supply stations. We will strengthen the convergence of the insurance systems for veterans. We will vigorously promote the spirit of martyrs, strengthen the construction and protection of memorial facilities for martyrs, and build military cemeteries. We will further promote the development of model cities (and counties) for double support.

We will adhere to the basic state policy of gender equality, give priority to the development of children, improve care and services for people with disabilities, and effectively protect the development rights and opportunities of women, minors, and people with disabilities.

Section I: Promoting Gender Equality and Women’s All-round Development

We will fully implement the Program for Women’s Development, continue to improve the environment for women’s development, and encourage women to exercise their rights on an equal footing and in accordance with the law, participate in economic and social development, and share in the fruits of development. We will ensure women’s access to health services, and improve the comprehensive prevention and treatment system and policies for cervical cancer and breast cancer. We will ensure women’s equal right to education, and continue to improve the number of years of education they receive and their overall ability and quality. We will ensure that women enjoy equal economic rights and interests, eliminate gender discrimination in employment, enjoy maternity leave and maternity allowances in accordance with the law, and protect rural women’s rights and interests in land. We will ensure women’s equal enjoyment of political rights and promote their extensive participation in social affairs and democratic management. We will implement mechanisms for assessing gender equality in laws and policies, and improve the gender-specific statistics system. We will improve care and services for left-behind women. Illegal and criminal acts infringing upon the personal rights of women and girls will be severely cracked down on.

Section 2: Improving the Care and Care Service Level of Minors

We will fully implement the Program for Children’s Development, improve the environment for children’s development, and ensure children’s rights to survival, development, protection and participation. We will improve the health service system for children, prevent and control diseases among children, reduce deaths and severe birth defects among children, effectively control obesity and myopia among children, and implement a program to improve nutrition for preschool children. We will safeguard children’s right to equal access to education, and strengthen education and services for children’s mental health. We will improve the system of care and services for left-behind children in rural areas, and improve the mechanisms for ensuring that orphans and children who have no one to care for them are supported. We will improve and implement the system of guardianship for minors, severely crack down on illegal and criminal acts infringing on the rights and interests of minors, and improve the comprehensive system for protecting minors. We will fully implement the youth development plan, promote the all-round development of young people, build a platform for them to grow and make contributions, and stimulate their creativity and entrepreneurship.

Section 3 Strengthening Family Construction

Focusing on the construction of civilized families, the implementation of scientific family education, and the inheritance of fine family traditions, we will thoroughly implement the project of happiness and health of every family. We will establish a legal and policy system that supports family development, advance legislation on family education, step up enforcement of the Anti-Domestic Violence Law, strengthen marriage and family counseling services, and prevent and resolve marital and family conflicts and disputes. We will establish a family education guidance and service system that covers both urban and rural areas, and improve the mechanism for coordinating education between schools and families. We will promote diversified development of family services. Give full play to the role of family tutors in grassroots social governance.

Section IV: Enhancing the Security and Development Capability of Persons with Disabilities

We will improve the system of assistance for disabled people, help them participate in basic medical care and basic old-age insurance, and make dynamic adjustments to living allowances for disabled people in need and nursing subsidies for severely disabled people. We will improve the employment support system for persons with disabilities, strengthen protection of their labor rights and interests, give priority to vocational skills training for them, and support them to start their own businesses. We will promote full coverage of education for school-age children and adolescents with disabilities, and improve the quality of special education. China will establish a rehabilitation university, promote the market-oriented development of rehabilitation services, increase the availability of rehabilitation AIDS, and improve the quality of rehabilitation services. We will provide care and care services for severely disabled people. We will strengthen the capacity to provide services and comprehensive services for the disabled, improve the policy system for building and maintaining a barrier-free environment, and support the upgrading of barrier-free facilities for families with disabled people in need.

We will improve the community-level social governance system in urban and rural areas under the leadership of Party organizations that combines self-governance, rule of law and rule of virtue, improve the system of democratic consultation at the community-level, and build a community of social governance in which everyone has a responsibility, responsibility, and enjoyment.

Section 1: Strengthening the Foundation for Social Governance at the Grassroots Level

We will improve the community-level social governance framework under the leadership of Party organizations, with village (neighborhood) committees playing the leading role and the people playing the main role. In accordance with the law, we will clarify the powers and responsibilities of community-level governments and community-level mass self-governing organizations, formulate a list system for functional departments of counties (districts) and townships (subdistricts) in urban and rural community governance, and implement a system of access to work items, so as to lighten the burden on community-level organizations, especially village-level organizations. We will strengthen the standardization of community-level self-governing mass organizations and properly determine their functions, scale and scope of business. We will strengthen mechanisms for self-governance at the community level, improve the vehicles for self-governance such as village (neighborhood) people’s councils, councils, and oversight committees, and improve the organizational forms and institutional channels through which village (neighborhood) people participate in social governance.

Section 2: Improving the community management and service mechanism

We will work to lower the focus of social governance and services and lower resources, and improve the ability of urban and rural communities to provide precise and refined services and management. Advance to the grassroots level for examination and approval authority and the public service items, build grid management, fine service, information support, open sharing of grass-roots management services platform, to promote employment, social security, pension nursery, FuCan assistive, health care, domestic service, logistics providers, public security law enforcement, dispute mediation convenient service scenario, the psychological aid organic integration and accurate docking. Improve the functions of urban community neighborhood committees, urge industry committees and property service enterprises to perform their duties, and improve community property service management. We will build a contingent of full-time and professional urban and rural community workers.

Section 3 Actively Guiding Social Forces to Participate in Grass-roots Governance

We will give full play to the role of mass organizations and social organizations in social governance, open up and standardize channels for market entities, new social strata, social workers and volunteers to participate in social governance, and stimulate the vitality of social governance at the community level. We will foster standardized trade associations and chambers of commerce, public welfare and charitable organizations, and urban and rural community social organizations. We will strengthen policy support such as financial subsidies, service purchase, tax preferences, and talent guarantee, and conduct ongoing and post-operational oversight. We will support and develop social work service agencies and voluntary service organizations, expand the ranks of volunteers, build more platforms for voluntary service, and improve the system of voluntary service.

We will adhere to a holistic approach to national security, implement a national security strategy, maintain and shape national security, balance traditional and non-traditional security, integrate security development into all fields and the whole process of China’s development, guard against and defuse risks that may hinder China’s modernization, and build a stronger shield for national security.

We will continue to enhance our national security capability by upholding the organic unity of political security, people’s security, and national interests, taking people’s security as our tenet, political security as our fundamental purpose, economic security as our basis, and military, scientific and technological, cultural, and social security as our guarantee. We will improve the centralized, unified, efficient and authoritative national security leadership system; improve the legal system, strategic system, policy system, personnel system, and operational mechanism for national security; and improve national security legislation, systems, and policies in key areas. We will strengthen the people’s line of defense against national security, strengthen publicity and education on national security, raise public awareness of national security, and establish and improve mechanisms for assessing, coordinating and defusing national security risks. We will improve the national security review and supervision system and strengthen national security law enforcement. We will resolutely safeguard the security of China’s political power, institutions, and ideology, comprehensively strengthen the cyber security system and capacity building, earnestly safeguard security in new areas, and strictly prevent and crack down on infiltration, sabotage, subversion, and secessionist activities by hostile forces.

We will strengthen mechanisms and capacity building for early warning, prevention and control of economic and security risks, ensure that key industries, infrastructure, strategic resources, major science and technology, and other key areas are secure and controllable, and focus on enhancing our capacity for secure development in food, energy, finance, and other areas.

Section I Implementing the Food Security Strategy

We will implement the strategy of ensuring the supply of major agricultural products based on crop varieties, and improve the system for ensuring the supply of major agricultural products and the system for the production, purchase, storage, marketing, and sale of grain. We will ensure that grain rations are absolutely safe, grain is basically self-sufficient, and there is an adequate supply of major agricultural and sideline products. We will not give up our efforts in grain production, fully implement the strategy of storing grain in the ground and using technology to conserve grain, and tackle the problem of “locking the seed source” technology, so as to improve the ability of improved seed varieties to be independent and controllable. We will strictly observe the red line for arable land and the control line for permanent basic farmland, stabilize and increase the acreage sown to grain and output, and rationalize the distribution of regional bases for ensuring emergency supplies of agricultural products. We will deepen reform of the system for purchasing and stockpiling agricultural products, speed up efforts to foster multiple market entities that buy and sell agricultural products, reform and improve the system for managing central grain reserves, and improve our ability to regulate grain reserves. We will strengthen the system of provincial governors’ responsibility for food security and the system of mayors’ responsibility for food security, so that the Party and government share responsibility. We will effectively reduce wastage in the production, storage, transportation and processing of grain, and carry out efforts to save grain. We will actively carry out international cooperation on major agricultural products, improve the mechanism for managing the import of agricultural products, diversify sources of import, and cultivate major international grain traders and agribusiness groups. We will formulate a law on ensuring food security.

Section II Implementing the Strategy for Energy and Resources Security

We will continue to rely on domestic demand, strengthen weak links, provide diversified security, and strengthen reserves. We will improve the production, supply, storage and marketing systems, and enhance our ability to maintain a sustained and stable supply of energy and manage risks. We will ensure that coal supply is secure, core oil and gas demand is self-guaranteed, and power supply is stable and reliable. We will consolidate the foundation for domestic output, maintain steady and increased production of crude oil and natural gas, and do a good job in planning, layout, and control strategic bases for producing oil and gas from coal. We will expand the scale of oil and gas reserves, and improve the oil and gas reserve system in which government reserves and corporate social responsibility reserves are both organic and complementary. We will strengthen capacity building for coal reserves. We will improve the emergency management and control system for energy risks, strengthen the guarantee of power supply in key cities and users, and strengthen security protection of major energy facilities and energy networks. We will diversify the sources of oil and gas imports and safeguard the security of strategic passageways and key junctions. We will foster a trading center and pricing mechanism with China as the core, and actively promote local currency settlement. We will strengthen the planning and control of strategic mineral resources, enhance the ability to ensure the security of reserves, and implement a new round of strategic action to make breakthroughs in ore prospecting.

Section III Implementing the Financial Security Strategy

We will improve the systems for the prevention, early warning, handling and accountability of financial risks, implement regulatory and territorial responsibilities, and have zero tolerance for violations of laws and regulations to ensure that systemic risks do not occur. We will improve the macro-prudential management system and keep the macro leverage ratio focused on maintaining stability while keeping it at a lower level. We will strengthen oversight of systemically important financial institutions and financial holding companies, strengthen the identification and disposal of non-performing assets, guard against and defuse risks in shadow banking, handle high-risk financial institutions in an orderly manner, crack down on illegal financial activities, and improve the long-term mechanism for regulating Internet finance. We will improve the mechanisms for identifying, assessing, warning and effective prevention and control of debt risks, improve the mechanism for dealing with bond market defaults, promote unified law enforcement in the bond market, prudently resolve hidden local government debts, and severely punish acts of evading or rejecting debt. We will improve the management framework for cross-border capital flows, strengthen regulatory cooperation, and enhance our ability to prevent, control and respond to risks in an open environment. We will strengthen the development of the RMB cross-border payment system, ensure the security and controllability of core IT technologies in the financial sector, and safeguard the security of financial infrastructure.

We will put the people first and life first, improve systems and mechanisms for public security, strictly implement the responsibility and management system for public security, and ensure people’s lives.

Section I Improving the Level of Production Safety

We will improve and implement the responsibility system for work safety, and establish a system for the investigation of potential public safety hazards and safety prevention and control. We will establish a responsibility system for production safety for all employees, and strengthen the responsibility of enterprises for production safety. We will strengthen monitoring, early warning, supervision, supervision and law enforcement of workplace safety, intensify efforts to improve safety in key areas such as hazardous chemicals, mines, construction, transportation, fire control, civil explosives, and special equipment, and carry out level-by-level supervision over the treatment of major hidden dangers and evaluate the effectiveness of the rectification. We will promote standardization of workplace safety in enterprises, and strengthen safety management in industrial parks and other key areas. We will strengthen the innovative application of advanced technology and equipment in deep mining and major disaster prevention and control, and encourage robots to replace dangerous jobs. We will promote full coverage of workplace safety liability insurance in key areas.

Section 2 Strict Supervision over Food and Drug Safety

We will strengthen and improve the food and drug safety oversight system, improve the food and drug safety laws, regulations and standards, and explore the establishment of a system of punitive damages for civil public interest lawsuits over food safety. We will fully implement the food safety strategy, strengthen oversight over the quality and safety of the entire food chain, advance efforts to build projects to ensure food safety, and intensify joint efforts to address food safety issues in key areas. We will strictly prevent and control drug safety risks, establish a life-cycle management mechanism for drugs and vaccines, improve the electronic drug traceability system, and ensure that the source and destination of key categories of drugs can be traced throughout the whole process. We will steadily promote the unique labeling system for medical devices. We will strengthen food and drug safety risk monitoring, sampling inspection, supervision and law enforcement, and strengthen rapid notification and response.

Section 3 Strengthening the prevention and control of biosafety risks

We will establish a sound system for biosafety risk prevention, control and management, and comprehensively improve the national capacity for biosafety management. We will improve the national biosafety risk monitoring and early warning system and the prevention and control emergency plan system, and improve the unified information release mechanism for major biosafety incidents. We will strengthen prevention and control of animal and plant epidemics and invasive alien species at ports. We will coordinate the layout of biosafety infrastructure, build a national biosafety data center system, and strengthen the construction and operation management of a high-level biosafety laboratory system. We will strengthen the supervision of biosafety resources, formulate and improve the catalogue of human genetic resources and biological resources, and establish and improve the risk assessment mechanism for biotechnology research and development. We will promote the implementation of the Biosafety Law. China will strengthen international cooperation in the field of biosafety and actively participate in the formulation of international biosafety rules.

Section 4 Improving the National Emergency Management System

We will put in place an emergency management system featuring unified command, both specialized and regular operations, quick response and coordination between the upper and lower levels, improve the national emergency management capability system, and improve our ability to prevent, mitigate, combat and provide disaster relief. We will continue to take responsibility at different levels, giving priority to local areas, improve the response mechanism at the central and local levels, and strengthen inter-regional and inter-river coordination in disaster and accident emergency response. We will identify and address the risks and hidden dangers of disasters and accidents, carry out projects to strengthen public infrastructure and improve our ability to prevent and control natural disasters, and raise standards for preventing natural disasters such as floods and droughts, forest and grassland fires, geological disasters, meteorological disasters, and earthquakes. We will strengthen the building of a comprehensive national fire and rescue team and enhance the rescue capability of all types of disasters. We will strengthen and improve aviation emergency rescue systems and capabilities. We will make scientific adjustments to the types, size and structure of emergency supplies stockpiles, and improve our capacity for rapid deployment and emergency transportation. We will build an emergency command information and a comprehensive monitoring and early warning network, and strengthen the capacity of emergency and rescue communications support in extreme conditions. We will develop catastrophe insurance.

We will properly handle contradictions among the people under the new circumstances, strengthen law and order prevention and control, and build an all-dimensional, multi-dimensional, and intelligent social safety net.

Section I Improving the Comprehensive Control Mechanism for Social Conflicts

We will adhere to and develop the “Fengqiao experience” in the new era, and establish a comprehensive social conflict management mechanism featuring source prevention and control, troubleshooting, dispute resolution, and emergency response. We will make it clear and standardized for the people to express their demands, coordinate their interests, and protect their rights and interests, and improve the system of coordinated mediation by the people, administrative mediation, and judicial mediation. We will improve the multiple mechanisms for resolving conflicts and disputes, and give full play to the role of mediation, arbitration, administrative adjudication, administrative reconsideration, and litigation in preventing and resolving social conflicts. We will improve and implement the system for handling letters and visits, and promptly and locally address people’s legitimate demands in accordance with the law. We will improve the mechanism for coordinating risk prevention and control of social conflicts. We will improve the system of social and psychological services and the mechanism for crisis intervention.

Section 2 Promoting the Modernization of the Public Security Prevention and Control System

We will continue to integrate organizations, groups, prevention and treatment, make public order more multi-dimensional, law-based, professional, and intelligent, put in place a working mechanism for joint management of problems, joint work, and joint efforts to ensure safety, and improve the prevention and control system for public order. We will continue to carry out the people’s war against drugs and the fight against terrorism, make the fight against Mafia and evil a routine one, crack down hard on all kinds of illegal and criminal activities, and enhance our ability to crack down on new types of cybercrimes and transnational and trans-regional crimes. We will continue to combine fighting and prevention with integrated prevention and control, strengthen investigation and rectification in key areas of public security, and improve the mechanism for coordinating public security. We will promote the construction of an intelligent platform for public security big data. We will improve the mechanisms for supervising and restricting the exercise of law enforcement and judicial power, and improve the mechanisms for protecting the rights and interests of law enforcement and judicial personnel. We will build an international security prevention and control system. Deepening practical cooperation on international law enforcement and security.

Implement xi army thought, implement the military strategic principle of the new era, adhering to the party’s absolute leadership of the people’s army, insist on the political army building, army army, army, talents, technology reform in accordance with the law, accelerate the development of mechanization intelligent information fusion, comprehensively strengthen training, improve to defend national sovereignty, security and development interests of strategic capabilities, to ensure the one hundredth year in 2027 to achieve goals.

We should accelerate the modernization of military theories, innovate in war and strategic guidance with The Times, improve the military strategic system for the new era, and develop advanced operational theories. We should accelerate the transformation of the services, arms and armed forces and the armed police force. We should strengthen strategic forces and combat forces in new areas and qualities. We should build a high-level system of strategic deterrence and joint operations, and strengthen joint training, joint support and joint use of military forces. We will accelerate the modernization of military personnel, implement the policy on military education for the new era, improve the trinity system for training new types of military personnel, and forge a new phalanx of highly qualified and specialized military personnel. We should accelerate the modernization of weapons and equipment, focus on independent and original innovation in defense science and technology, accelerate the development of strategic cutting-edge and subversive technologies, and accelerate the upgrading and upgrading of weapons and equipment as well as the development of intelligent weapons and equipment.

In coordination with the modernization of the country, we should make better strategic planning, deepen the sharing of resources and elements, strengthen coordination between policies and institutions, improve organization and management, work performance, policies and institutions, personnel, and risk prevention and control systems, and build an integrated national strategic system and capacity. We will promote coordinated development of key regions, key fields and emerging fields, and concentrate resources on implementing major projects in the field of national defense. We will integrate military development with regional economic development to better serve the strategic needs of national security and development. We will deepen joint military-civilian innovation in science and technology, strengthen coordinated military-civilian development in oceanography, space and space, cyberspace, biology, new energy, artificial intelligence, and quantum science and technology, promote the sharing of resources among military-civilian research facilities, and promote the two-way application of military-civilian research results and the development of key industries. We will strengthen joint construction and common use of infrastructure, strengthen coordinated development of new infrastructure, and step up efforts to implement national defense requirements in economic development projects. We will accelerate the development of a modern military logistics system and an asset management system. We will strengthen joint training of military and local personnel, and improve systems for the exchange and use of military and local personnel and their qualification certification. We will improve the distribution of defense-related science, technology and industries and accelerate their standardization and application. We will advance reform of market access for weapons and equipment and air traffic management. We will improve the national defense mobilization system, strengthen coordination in responding to emergencies and wars, improve the mechanism for strengthening border defense, strengthen national defense education among the people, and consolidate unity between the military and the government and between the army and the people. We will safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of servicemen and their families, and make servicemen a profession respected by the whole society.

We will uphold the organic integration of the leadership of the CPC, the position of the people as masters of the country, and the rule of law, and promote self-improvement and development of the socialist political system with Chinese characteristics.

We will uphold and improve the leadership system under which the Party exercises overall leadership and coordinates the efforts of all parties, and apply the Party’s leadership to all areas and links of national development. We will uphold and improve the system of people’s congresses, strengthen the oversight of the people’s congresses over the State Council, the People’s Government, the People’s Committee, and the People’s Procuratorate, and ensure that the people manage state affairs, economic and cultural undertakings, and social affairs through various channels and forms in accordance with the law. We will adhere to and improve the system of multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the CPC, improve the level of socialist participation in building political parties with Chinese characteristics, strengthen the development of specialized consultative bodies of the CPPCC, leverage the unique strengths of socialist consultative democracy, and improve the ability to advise, advise, govern, and build consensus. We will fully implement the Party’s policy on ethnic groups, uphold and improve the system of regional ethnic autonomy, foster a strong sense of community among the Chinese nation, and promote the common struggle of all ethnic groups for common prosperity and development. We will fully implement the Party’s basic policy on religious affairs, stick to the sinicization of religions in China, and actively guide religions to adapt to socialist society. We will improve the system of self-governance at the community level and make it more effective for the people to manage, serve, educate, and supervise themselves. We will give full play to the role of trade unions, the Communist Youth League, women’s federations and other people’s organizations to rally the people they associate with closely around the Party. We will improve the structure of our united front work, promote harmony between political parties, ethnic groups, religions, social strata, and compatriots at home and abroad, and consolidate and develop the situation of great unity and alliance. We will fully implement the Party’s policy on overseas Chinese affairs, rally the hearts of overseas Chinese and serve the overall interests of the country.

We will unswervingly follow the path of socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics, jointly advance law-based governance, governance and administration, build a law-based country, government and society in an integrated manner, and implement the plan for building China under the rule of law. We will improve institutions and mechanisms for ensuring the full implementation of the Constitution, strengthen enforcement and oversight of the Constitution, implement mechanisms for the interpretation of the Constitution, and promote constitutional review. We will improve legislative systems and mechanisms, strengthen legislation in key, emerging, and foreign-related areas, enact, amend, repeal, and interpret laws simultaneously, and improve the socialist system of laws with Chinese characteristics with the Constitution at its core. We will implement the Program for Building a Rule of Law Government, adhere to and improve the system of major administrative decision-making procedures, deepen reform of the administrative law enforcement system, strictly regulate, fairly enforce the law in a civilized manner, standardize the power of discretion in law enforcement, and advance reform of the administrative review system. We will deepen the comprehensive and supporting reform of the judicial system, improve the judicial, procuratorial, penal and lawyer systems, fully implement the judicial responsibility system, strengthen oversight over judicial activities, deepen the reform of the judicial enforcement system, and promote judicial fairness. We will implement the implementation program for building a law-based society, strengthen the development of a socialist culture of the rule of law, intensify publicity and education on the rule of law, implement the Eighth Five-Year Plan to popularize the law, and improve the public legal service system, legal aid, and the state judicial assistance system. We will comprehensively strengthen judicial protection of human rights and promote all-round development of the cause of human rights. We will strengthen the development of the foreign-related legal system and strengthen the training of foreign-related legal personnel.

We will improve an authoritative and efficient oversight system that features unified Party leadership, comprehensive coverage, and effective oversight, and form a mechanism for exercising power that ensures sound decision-making, firm enforcement, and effective oversight. We will carry out the primary responsibility and oversight responsibility for comprehensively governing the Party with strict discipline, strengthen political oversight, deepen political inspections, and intensify the implementation of rectification efforts. We will promote coordinated oversight of discipline, supervision, dispatch, and inspection, and coordinate all kinds of oversight with intra-Party oversight taking the lead, so as to form a permanent and long-term joint oversight force, and make the oversight system better integrated into the national governance system. We will deepen reform of the system for discipline inspection and supervision, strengthen the leadership of commissions for discipline inspection and supervision at higher levels over commissions for discipline inspection and supervision at lower levels, promote standardization and rule of law in discipline inspection and supervision, and give full play to the role of supervision in ensuring implementation and promoting improvement and development. We will improve the system of exercising power based on different functions, setting up different posts, delegating authority at different levels, and rotating posts on a regular basis. We will improve the system of transparency in Party, government, judicial, and other fields. We will improve effective mechanisms for identifying problems, correcting deviations, and holding people accountable precisely. We will ensure that there are no restricted zones, full coverage, and zero tolerance for corruption. We will work in an integrated way to ensure that we do not dare, cannot, and do not want to corruption, and create a sound political environment and development environment that is clean and upright. Deepen international cooperation against corruption. We will work tirelessly to implement the CPC Central Committee’s eight-point decision on improving our work style, improve long-term mechanisms for improving our conduct, and continue to check formalism and bureaucratism. We will prevent the resurgence of hedonism and extravagance, and resolutely combat corruption and unhealthy practices around the people.

We will maintain long-term prosperity and stability in Hong Kong and Macao, promote the peaceful development of cross-Straits relations and the reunification of the motherland, and create a bright future for the great renewal of the Chinese nation.

Full and accurate implementation of “one country, two systems”, “Hong Kong people ruling Hong Kong”, “hands Macao” and a high degree of autonomy of the guidelines, adhere to the port for Australia in accordance with the law, safeguard the constitution and the basic law to determine the constitutional order of the special administrative region, the implementation of the central government to the special administrative region comprehensive governance rights, the implementation of the special administrative region shall maintain the national security law system and execution mechanism, safeguarding state sovereignty, security and development interests and special administrative region of the social stability, and resolutely prevent and curb outside forces intervention in Hong Kong and Macao affairs, support for Hong Kong and Macao to consolidate competitive advantage, to better integrate into the nation’s overall development.

Section I Supporting Hong Kong and Macao in Consolidating and Enhancing their Competitive Advantages

We will support Hong Kong in elevating its status as an international financial, shipping and trade center and international aviation hub, and in strengthening its functions as a global offshore RMB business hub, an international asset management center and a risk management center. We will support Hong Kong in building itself into an international innovation and technology center, an international legal and dispute resolution service center in the Asia-Pacific region, and a regional intellectual property trade center. We will support Hong Kong in developing its service industry into a high-end and value-added industry, and support Hong Kong in developing itself into a center for cultural and art exchanges with other countries. Supports macau enriching the connotation of the world tourism leisure center, hengqin way the cooperative project, and expand China and portuguese-speaking countries trade cooperation service platform function, make the Chinese culture as the mainstream, multicultural coexistence base of exchanges and cooperation, support the development of traditional Chinese medicine research and development manufacturing and characteristic of financial, such as high and new technology and business convention and exhibition industry, promote economic development moderately.

Section II Supporting Hong Kong and Macao in Better Integrating into the Overall Development of the State

We will improve the mechanism for integrating Hong Kong and Macao into the overall development of the country and complementing and coordinating their development with the mainland. We will support Hong Kong and Macao in participating in and facilitating the development of China’s fully opening up and modernizing economic system, and build a functional platform for joint development of the One Belt And One Road. We will deepen economic and trade cooperation and scientific innovation between the mainland and Hong Kong and Macao, and deepen and expand financial market connectivity between the mainland and Hong Kong and Macao. We will develop a high-quality Greater Bay Area, deepen cooperation between Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, and the Pan-Pearl River Delta region, and promote the development of major cooperation platforms for Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, such as Qianhai in Shenzhen, Hengqin in Zhuhai, Nansha in Guangzhou, and the Shenzhen-Hong Kong River Pass. We will strengthen exchanges and cooperation between the mainland and Hong Kong and Macao in various fields, improve policies and measures to make it easier for Hong Kong and Macao residents to develop and live on the mainland, strengthen education in the Constitution and the basic laws of Hong Kong and Macao, and in China’s national conditions, and enhance the national awareness and patriotism of our compatriots in Hong Kong and Macao. We will support Hong Kong and Macao in carrying out exchanges and cooperation with other countries and regions.

We will adhere to the one-China principle and the 1992 Consensus, work for the peaceful and integrated development of cross-Straits relations with the well-being of compatriots on both sides of the Taiwan Straits as our priority, and be highly vigilant against and resolutely curb separatist activities for “Taiwan independence.”

Section 1 Deepening the Integrated Development of the Cross-Straits

We will improve systems and policies that ensure the well-being of Taiwan compatriots and enable them to enjoy equal treatment on the mainland. We will continue to introduce and implement policies and measures that benefit Taiwan and the people, so that Taiwan compatriots can share development opportunities and participate in the mainland’s economic and social development. We will support Taiwan businesses and enterprises in participating in the “One Belt And One Road” development and the national and regional coordinated development strategy. We will promote cross-Straits financial cooperation and support qualified Taiwan-invested enterprises in listing on the mainland. We will promote the development of platforms for cross-Straits cooperation, such as the Cross-Straits Industrial Cooperation Zone, the Pingtan Comprehensive Experimental Zone, and the Kunshan Experimental Zone for Deepening Cross-Straits Industrial Cooperation. We will support Fujian in exploring a new path for integrated development across the Taiwan Straits, and accelerate the development of demonstration zones for integrated development across the Taiwan Straits. We will strengthen cross-Straits industrial cooperation, build a cross-Straits common market and strengthen the economy of the Chinese nation.

Section 2 Strengthening People-to-People Exchanges across the Straits

We will actively promote cross-Straits exchanges, cooperation and personnel exchanges, deepen mutual understanding and enhance mutual trust and recognition. We will promote exchanges and cooperation between the two sides in culture, education, medical care and other areas, promote the sharing of social security and public resources, and support the equalization, universality and convenience of basic public services in areas adjacent to or with comparable conditions across the Straits. We will encourage people on both sides of the Straits to carry forward and develop the fine traditional Chinese culture through innovation. We will strengthen community-level exchanges with young people on both sides of the Taiwan Straits, and encourage young people from Taiwan to pursue, pursue and fulfill their dreams on the mainland. We will unite our compatriots in Taiwan in opposing secessionist activities for “Taiwan independence”, safeguard and promote peaceful development of cross-Straits relations, and strive for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

We will uphold the overall leadership of the Party, improve the mechanism for ensuring planning and implementation, better perform government duties, stimulate the vitality and creativity of various entities to the maximum extent, and form a strong synergy for comprehensively building a modern socialist country.

To carry out the party set the direction, seeks the overall situation and policy, promoting the reform, in-depth study and implement xi new era Chinese characteristics socialism, strengthen the consciousness of “four”, firm “four confidence”, “two maintenance”, constantly improve, political implementation, political sense, political understanding of the party’s leadership in various areas and the whole process, through to the planning and implementation to ensure that the central party committee the deployment of the implementation of the major policy decisions. We will make full use of our guiding and guaranteeing role in comprehensively enforcing strict Party self-governance, and integrate the improvement of the Party and state oversight system into our plans and implementation. We will improve the organizational system that links all levels of government with effective execution, and make leading bodies and officials at all levels better able to carry out reform, promote development, and maintain stability in line with the new demands of the new era and enhance their professional competence.

We should encourage the whole society to participate in the implementation of the plan, give full play to the role of trade unions, the Communist Youth League, and women’s federations, and give full play to the role of the democratic parties, federations of industry and commerce, and personages without party affiliation, so as to maximize the consensus and strength of the whole society. We will establish an endogenous incentive mechanism that meets the requirements of high-quality development, improve the motivation-oriented performance evaluation and accountability mechanisms, and mobilize the enthusiasm, initiative, and creativity of cadres, especially those at the grassroots level.

We will accelerate the establishment and improvement of a national planning system that is led by the national development plan, based on spatial planning, supported by special and regional plans, and composed of national, provincial, municipal and county-level plans, with precise positioning, clear boundaries, complementary functions, and unified linkage.

Section I Strengthening the Leading Role of the State Development Plan

We will make better use of the strategic guiding role of national development plans, and strengthen the support of spatial, special, and regional plans for their implementation. In accordance with the requirements and key tasks for territorial space development and protection set out in this Plan, a national space plan will be formulated and implemented to provide space guarantee for the implementation of major strategic tasks. Focusing on the strategic priorities and major tasks set out in this Plan, we will formulate and implement a number of national key and special plans in such areas as scientific and technological innovation, digital economy, green ecology, and people’s livelihood, and specify timetables and road maps for the implementation of development tasks. According to the regional development strategic tasks specified in this Plan, a number of national regional planning implementation plans shall be formulated and implemented. To strengthen the implementation of the development strategies, main objectives, key tasks and major engineering projects put forward by local plans.

Section II: Strengthening the cohesion and coordination of planning

We will improve the planning management system, such as the catalogue list, compilation, filing, coordination, etc., formulate the catalogue list of special national plans for the 14th Five-Year Plan period, promote the filing of plans by relying on the National Comprehensive Planning Management Information Platform, and bring all kinds of plans under unified management. Join coordination mechanism, establish and improve the planning submitted to the CPC Central Committee and the State Council for approval before the examination and approval of the planning and development planning at the provincial level shall be connect with this plan, to ensure that national spatial planning, special planning, regional planning and other planning and the planning of all types and at all levels in the main goal, the development direction, overall layout, the major policy, coordinated major projects, risk prevention and control, etc.

We will strengthen the organization, coordination and supervision of the implementation of the Plan, and establish and improve mechanisms for monitoring and evaluating the implementation of the Plan, ensuring policies, and assessing and supervising the implementation of the Plan.

Section I Responsibility for Implementing the Plan

All regions and departments shall, according to the division of functions and duties, formulate implementation plans for the main targets and tasks of their respective regions and departments in the Plan. For binding targets, major engineering projects, public services, ecological and environmental protection, and security and other tasks specified in this Plan, the subject of responsibility and schedule requirements shall be clearly defined, public resources shall be rationally allocated, social resources shall be guided and regulated, and the completion of such tasks shall be ensured on schedule. The expected targets and tasks in industrial development and structural adjustment put forward in this Plan are mainly realized by giving full play to the role of market entities. Governments at all levels should create a sound policy environment, institutional environment and legal environment. The annual plan shall carry out the development objectives and key tasks proposed in the plan, decompose the main indicators determined in the plan into the index system of the annual plan, set annual objectives and do a good job of comprehensive balance between the years, and reasonably determine the annual focus of work.

Section II: Strengthening Monitoring and Assessment of Planning Implementation

We will carry out dynamic monitoring and mid-term and summary assessments of the implementation of the plan, and submit such assessments to the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee for deliberation in accordance with procedures, and report on the implementation of the plan to the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress in accordance with the law, and willingly accept the oversight of the NPC. We will give play to the supervisory role of state supervisory organs and audit institutions in promoting the implementation of the plan. The implementation of the plan shall be incorporated into the evaluation system of relevant departments, local leading bodies and cadres, and serve as an important basis for improving government work. If it is necessary to adjust this plan, the State Council shall put forward an adjustment plan and submit it to the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress for approval.

Section Three: Strengthening Policy Coordination Guarantee

We will ensure that planning sets the direction, finance provides the guarantee, finance provides the support and other policies are coordinated, and strive to establish a mechanism for coordination between planning and macro policies. In accordance with the objectives and tasks of this plan and in combination with the situation of economic development, the macro-policy orientation shall be reasonably determined. We will ensure that public finance is subordinate to and in the service of public policies, increase financial support for major strategic tasks of the state, and strengthen coordination between the medium-term fiscal plan and the annual budget as well as the government investment plan and the implementation of this plan. Priority will be given to the major tasks and engineering projects identified in this plan. We should adhere to the principle that projects follow the plan and that funds and elements follow the plan. We should draw up a list of major projects in accordance with this plan, simplify the examination and approval procedures for the projects in the list, give priority to ensuring the site selection, land supply and funding needs of the planned projects, and ensure that the land use needs of individual major projects are uniformly guaranteed by the state.

Section IV Accelerating Legislation of Development Planning

We will adhere to the principle of formulating and implementing plans in accordance with the law, formalize the provisions and requirements of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on the development of a unified planning system and the national development plan as well as the effective practices and practices in legal form, accelerate the promulgation of a development planning law, and strengthen legal guarantee for the formulation and implementation of plans.

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