BEIJING, March 20 (Xinhua) — Question: @ old, middle and small generations, how to increase the average life expectancy by one year in the next five years?
Xinhua News Agency reporter Chen Xiyuan and Peng Yunjia
The just-released outline of the 14th Five-Year Plan and the 2035 Vision Goals calls for an increase in average life expectancy of one year over the next five years.
During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, the average life expectancy of Chinese residents has increased from 76.3 years to 77.3 years. How to raise another year? This requires the joint efforts of the old, middle and small generations.
@Infant and Teenager: Thrive and grow to lay the foundation
Statistics show that at present, there are more than 47 million children under the age of 3 in China, but the enrollment rate is only about 5 percent. The development of universal care system needs policy support.
According to the plan and the outline of the targets, the state will strictly implement the policy of supporting kindergartens in urban communities, support 150 cities in developing comprehensive and community-based childcare service institutions and facilities, encourage kindergartens to develop integrated childcare services, and add more than 500,000 demonstration childcare places.
At the same time, planning and target outline clear, with an emphasis on “a small” population consummation service system, to improve the whole service of eugenic and superior nurture, strengthen pregnancy maternal health services, improve the quality of birth population, reducing child mortality and severe birth defects occur, per thousand population owns infants and young children under the age of 3 digits to increased from 1.8 in 2020 to 4.5 in 2025, up 150%.
Adolescent stage is the “jointing and pregnant period” of life. In this regard, the plan and the outline of the goals set out the requirements for the implementation of the nutrition improvement plan for preschool children, the effective control of childhood obesity and myopia, the guarantee of school physical education class and extracurricular exercise time, with the focus on teenagers to carry out national physical fitness monitoring and intervention.
Young and middle-aged people: eat dynamic balance pay attention to screening
In recent years, “Chinese wolfberry in a thermos cup” has become a new fashion for young people. But what cannot be ignored is, the sicken crowd of diseases such as hypertension, high blood fat, heart infarction and even cancer is tending to be younger.
The proportion of adult Chinese residents who are overweight or obese has reached 50.7%, according to a scientific research report on the Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents (2021) released by the Chinese Nutrition Society. Overweight, obesity and diet-related chronic diseases are becoming more serious.
Mortality rates from major malignant diseases are also closely related to average life expectancy. Yu Jinming, president of Shandong Tumor Hospital, said that increasing the efforts of early tumor screening, so that more patients can be found, diagnosed and treated early, can effectively improve the average life expectancy and save a lot of social resources while alleviating the pain of patients.
We will move the health threshold forward. We will outline plans and targets for promoting public fitness and curbing tobacco and alcohol consumption. We will strengthen the prevention, early screening and comprehensive intervention of chronic diseases. The state will build, renovate or expand about 1,000 sports parks to increase sports consumption and develop sports industries such as fitness, leisure and outdoor sports.
@Old Age: “live long” and “live well”
The plan and targets for providing a full range of life-cycle health services for the people have been clearly defined. The number of licensed (assistant) doctors and registered nurses has risen to 3.2 and 3.8 per 1,000 people, and the proportion of beds in nursing homes for the elderly has risen to 55 percent.
In order to let the elderly get higher quality of pension services, the future will support 2 million special difficulties age, disability, disabled elderly households optimal aging, equipped with auxiliary appliance and the lost devices, supporting the construction of 500 counties chaining operation, standardized management model community home endowment service network, to provide disability care, day care and other services.
“In recent years, the international evaluation of population health not only focuses on the average life expectancy years, but also pays more attention to the improvement of life quality and the extension of healthy life.” “We should not only increase the life span of one year, but also enjoy it healthily,” said Chen Jiaying, chief expert at the Jiangsu Institute of Health at Nanjing Medical University.