. How will relevant policies be implemented? What will be the impact of delayed retirement on the young and older workers? The reporter interviewed experts Jin Weigang, Sun Jie and Zeng Xiangquan to analyze and answer questions such as how to take small steps to stabilize and delay retirement.
It has been released on various media platforms recently
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It sparked a heated discussion among netizens
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We are not as worried as small make up
(When can I retire and live in retirement?)
Is delayed retirement really coming?
What effect does it have on young people?
Don’t worry, the expert answers come!
China’s working-age population has been declining for eight consecutive years, and the labor participation rate continues to decline. The aging process of the population is still accelerating, and the elderly population is further increasing. In the future, there may be insufficient labor supply.
In addition, from the perspective of labor demand, economic development has entered a new normal, with the development of high-tech and high-quality economic development creating more new jobs.
In this regard, he also said that the delay of retirement will have a certain impact on the employment mechanism of government agencies and public institutions, but the impact is limited.
There is a hierarchical and classified structure in the labor market, and there is no strong substitution between older workers and young people. Young people are more willing to work in the emerging industries and services represented by the Internet.
Of course, delayed retirement does have a certain impact on the employment mechanism in government organs and public institutions. In the case of the total staffing, number of posts and ranks unchanged, the scale of new employees will be reduced in the short term and internal promotion will be affected, so corresponding supporting policies and measures are needed. But its impact was limited by the small number of people.
The implementation of delayed retirement will have an impact on the work and expectation of older workers near retirement, especially those with low education level and mainly engaged in manual labor, and will face greater difficulties in employment.
The Party Central Committee and the State Council have attached great importance to this issue. The Employment Promotion Law has a special chapter entitled “Employment Assistance”, which clearly requires people’s governments at all levels to establish and improve the employment assistance system and give priority to people who have difficulty finding jobs.
In recent years, China has successively introduced a series of policies and measures to provide employment assistance to those who are difficult to obtain employment because they are older, enjoy the minimum living security, or have been unemployed for more than one year continuously.
For those who have difficulty finding jobs, the state has been encouraging enterprises to create jobs, encourage flexible employment and start their own businesses, arrange public welfare jobs, and strengthen employment services and vocational training to ensure employment.
We will continue to strengthen monitoring and early warning of the employment situation, guide local governments to step up policy implementation, provide targeted services to older workers in need, help older people who have difficulty finding jobs to find jobs or start their own businesses, and ensure that zero employment households are eliminated. At the same time, we will continue to implement the lifelong vocational skills training system, further promote the vocational skills upgrading action, strengthen job skills upgrading training for older workers, and take a variety of measures to improve the skills of older workers.
In addition to the impact that delayed retirement may have on older workers, older workers, with decades of work experience and profound accumulation of experience and technology, have obvious advantages in many areas of employment. According to international experience, postponing retirement is conducive to increasing the participation rate of older workers, promoting the development of the “silver economy”, helping to increase the income and consumption capacity of older workers, and thus promoting the growth of consumer demand and employment.
Some people are concerned that after postponing retirement, the time of endowment insurance payment will be longer and the time of receiving will be shorter.
To this, Jin Weigang of dean of Chinese labor and social security scientific research institute expresses, join protect personnel to fulfill pay cost obligation in working age group, it is beneficial to the individual.
System of worker basic endowment insurance follows the principle that right and obligation photograph correspond, ginseng protects personnel to fulfill capture cost obligation in working age group, reach legal emeritus age and accumulative full set capture cost fixed number of year, can get basic old-age pension by the month, long capture gets much, much capture gets much. Plan of pay of annuity of our country at present hair has very strong incentive mechanism, delay retires, continue to work, continue pay cost, will increase ginseng the basic pension level after protecting personnel retires. In addition, longer working hours will increase the wages earned during individual labor. On the whole, it is beneficial to individuals.
As life expectancy has increased significantly and the number of years of education has increased, the current legal retirement age is indeed low. It is reasonable to delay retirement appropriately, which is conducive to balancing working period and rest period, and is more conducive to giving full play to one’s talents and realizing the value of life. It is also beneficial to individuals.
In addition, for delay retirement may cause young children no one to take life, fertility intentions, in turn, affects young people, experts say, if the elderly population, especially a woman’s retirement age appear sharply higher, may have great influence on our country’s, especially the young female baby age stage of labor participation and employment impact.
According to the statement, China postpones retirement by a few months every year or a month every few months, with a gentle pace. People who retire before the reform only delay their retirement by a few months, which has very little impact on family care and child-rearing activities. Younger workers, on the other hand, have plenty of time to plan their family lives before retirement.
In addition, Sun Jie suggested that while gradually delaying the legal retirement age, the relevant departments should simultaneously improve the policy of child care and promote the domestic service industry to be more standardized and more convenient and practical.