2021年11月27日

This year, more than 10 localities will raise subsistence allowances for urban and rural residents, with another eight provinces on the way

Since 2021, more than 10 localities have raised the subsistence allowance standards for urban and rural residents, with eight more provinces on the way.

Data diagram. China and Singapore Longitude and Latitude Photography

According to incomplete statistics, journalists from China-Singapore Jingwei found that 10 cities, including Nanchang, Xiamen, Jinan, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Shantou, Huizhou, Jiangmen and Zhaoqing, have already raised subsistence allowances for urban and rural residents by 2021.

Nanchang provisions, urban and rural subsistence allowance standard unified to 795 yuan a month; Xiamen has made it clear that the minimum living allowance will be raised from 800 yuan per person per month to 850 yuan, an increase of 6.3 percent. Jinan proposed raising the subsistence allowance to 904 yuan per month for urban and rural residents, 676 yuan per month for urban residents, and 904 yuan per month for rural residents in Zhongzhong, Huaiyin, Tianqiao, Licheng and Jinan High-tech Zone.

In addition, guangzhou, shenzhen and other kind of regional urban and rural low minimum standards for 1087 yuan/month, zhuhai, foshan, dongguan, zhongshan, and other 2 regions for 967 yuan/month, huizhou, jiangmen, excluding taishan and kaiping, enping), zhaoqing (excluding the Xia County) and other three regions for 853 yuan/month, shantou, shaoguan and other four types of urban areas is 800 yuan/month, rural is RMB 551 / month.

Han Keqing, a professor at Renmin University of China’s School of Labor and Human Resources, pointed out in an interview with Sino – Singapore Jingwei that China’s economic development has been maintaining a good trend of continuous growth and the national income level has been rising. Increasing subsistence allowances is not only in line with the expectations of economic growth and rising personal income, but also better ensures the basic living standards of groups in need and their families.

Jiang Han, a senior researcher at Pangu Think Tank, told Sino Singapore Jingwei that with the improvement of the level of economic development, it is necessary to raise the standard of subsistence allowances, which will help improve people’s sense of happiness and gain, and stimulate the vitality of the whole society.

At the 2021 provincial-level NPC and CPPCC sessions, seven provincial-level government work reports from Shanghai, Henan, Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Hunan and Xizang will raise subsistence allowance standards. In addition, the civil affairs department of Chongqing recently revealed that it will also moderately increase the subsistence allowance standards for urban and rural residents.

To be specific, Shanghai proposed to raise pension, medical insurance, subsistence allowance and other social security benefits as a whole, reform and improve the social assistance system; Henan requires an appropriate increase in subsistence allowances for urban and rural residents, support for people living in extreme poverty, and the raising of orphans, to ensure the basic living standards of people in need. Heilongjiang required that subsistence allowances for urban and rural residents and those living in extreme poverty should be increased, and that the tiered social assistance system should be improved. Inner Mongolia has raised basic pension benefits for urban and rural residents and aid and support for people in need.

In addition, some provinces are the exact amount raised. The minimum living allowance for urban and rural residents will be raised by another 20 yuan per person per month, Shanxi said. Hunan proposes to raise the level of subsistence allowances for urban and rural residents to ensure that the annual subsistence allowance level for urban residents is not less than 550 yuan per person per month, and that the per capita subsistence allowance level for urban residents is not less than 374 yuan per person per month, and that the annual subsistence allowance level for rural residents is not less than 4,300 yuan per person per year, and that the per capita subsistence allowance level for rural residents is not less than 229 yuan per person per month. Tibet has raised subsistence allowances to 10,920 and 5,060 yuan per person per year, respectively, for urban and rural residents.

Zhang Zhixin, an associate professor at the Capital University of Economics and Business, pointed out to Xinxin Jingwei that there are three principles to be followed in raising the subsistence allowance standard. Secondly, it should be consistent with the local economic development level and residents’ income level. Third, we should adhere to the principles of openness, fairness and transparency.

Zhang also suggested that all localities should make steady progress and rationally set standards based on their economic and financial status and their ability to pay.

Data diagram. China and Singapore Longitude and Latitude Photography

When it comes to how to promote the fairness, fairness, openness and transparency of the subsistence allowance inclusion process, experts said that dynamic monitoring and adjustment can be made with the help of big data and third-party evaluation.

Han pointed out that the social assistance department of the Ministry of Civil Affairs is in charge of the subsistence allowance system, which has formed a well-organized four-level administrative structure of “central, provincial, prefecture-city, district and county” as the main management system, and has set up a low-income family identification guidance center and other institutions. The above systems and institutions extend to urban and rural communities. Community directors or full-time staff conduct regular or irregular household surveys to make dynamic adjustments to the recipients of subsistence allowances. In addition, the third-party assessment is also an important basis for the review and adjustment of the recipients of subsistence allowances.

Zhang Zhixin suggested strengthening the dynamic monitoring of big data (income, property status and consumption data) of low-income families through scientific and technological means, and forming a proper supervision pattern among regulatory authorities, public opinion and news media. (Xin Xin Jingwei APP)

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