Qitaihe July 22 (reporter Jiang Hui)22, science and technology innovation China @ Heilongjiang coal resource-based city transformation and development summit forum (hereinafter referred to as the forum) in the “coking coal capital” Qitaihe City opened. This BBS organizing committee invited, Chinese Academy of Engineering Sun Chuanyao, member of Chinese Academy of Sciences academician of academy of sciences of Chen kx, Russia’s natural ji-ren wang, from China coal society, the Chinese chemical society, China nonferrous metals society, Chinese society for composite materials and so on eight of experts and scholars and related high-tech business elite, around “kechuang, transformation, green, the revitalization of the” theme, Through field investigation, in-depth exchange and discussion, the project will provide suggestions for the transformation and development of coal resource-based cities in Heilongjiang Province, and build qitaihe “model room” of “Science and technology Innovation China”.
In May 2020, the “Science and Technology Innovation China” platform created by China Association for Science and Technology was officially launched, and a series of actions of China Association for Science and Technology to serve the integrated development of science, technology and economy were fully launched. “Kechuang China” platform selection 65 pilot cities (park), organized 210 across the country to learn on demand to form a corps of science and technology, drive the talent, technology, results of sinking enterprises, park, hope that through cooperation with local party committee government, for the enterprise innovation, industrial upgrading and transformation of local development to provide professional services, build good ecological economic integration of science and technology development, Let science and technology effectively serve the high-quality development of local economy and society. Qitaihe City became one of the first pilot cities.
“The economic transformation of resource-exhausted cities is a worldwide problem, and all resource-exhausted cities are faced with the problem of how to find a new way out”. At the forum, Academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering and former president of Beijing Research Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Sun Chuanyao made a keynote report on the transformation countermeasures and typical cases of resource-exhausted cities. Taking the United States, the European Union, Japan and other countries as examples, AcademacademySun Chuanyao divided the transformation of resource-exhausted cities into four categories: market-led, government-led, industry-assisted, and free-for-all. At the same time, taking the Ruhr region of Germany, Lorraine region of France, Kita Kyushu City of Japan, Fuxin City of Liaoning province, Baiyin City of Gansu Province, Jiaozuo City of Henan Province and other domestic and foreign cities as examples, the paper analyzes and summarizes the transformation measures and achievements of these resource-exhausted cities.
“Resource-exhausted cities face the problem of disposal of abandoned industrial sites. Direct closure or abandonment of mines will cause huge waste of resources, which may lead to safety, environmental and social problems.” At the end of the report, Sun chuanyao also suggested that the rational development and utilization of abandoned industrial sites could promote the transformation of resource-exhausted cities.
“As a typical resource-based city, Qitaihe’s transformation development should do a good job in top-level design, seize the ‘carbon opportunity’, and make a comprehensive and systematic layout according to the past foundation”. At the forum, Li Hong, director of national Research Center for Resource Economy, Peking University, made a keynote report on the transformation and Development Path of resource-based Cities under the background of “double carbon” goal. Li hong said that China has 262 resource-based cities, and economic transformation and sustainable development is particularly urgent, which is the main battlefield to achieve the goal of “double carbon”.
“The ‘double carbon’ target puts forward new requirements, gives birth to new demands and gives birth to new industries.” Li Hong said that although the resource-based city facing a lack of local financial resources restriction “double carbon” goal, locational disadvantage influence foreign cooperation and open system such as energy shortage is difficult to meet the “double carbon” action “carbon challenge”, but also ushered in the “carbon opportunity” : the main force of “double carbon” goal lies in resource-based cities; The “double carbon” project will receive strong national support; A new round of scientific and technological revolution is accelerating, and resource-based cities receive technology dividends. Resource-based city is the main body of resource supply and an important link of domestic big circulation……
“Heilongjiang is an important old industrial base in China, with profound innovation and development and rich resources. It shoulders an important strategic mission in the revitalization of the old industrial base in northeast China, and is a key strategic region served by China Association for Science and Technology.” Development around the coal resources city transformation, party member of China Association for Science and Technology, secretary of the secretariat, said Lv Zhaoping qitaihe in industrial structure adjustment, ecological environment governance, innovation elements supply faced with the transformation of large pressure, according to the new stage of development requirements, seize the favorable opportunity of the construction of the pilot, “kechuang China” focus “carbon peak, carbon neutral” goal, Focusing on key industrial fields such as clean and efficient utilization of coal, modern coal chemical industry, graphite materials, and biomedicine, scientific and feasible solutions are put forward to solve the key problems restricting the green transformation development of Qitaihe, and a new model of green development of resource-exhausted city is actively explored. “Kechuang China” hang point, science and technology of the working party interact to draw lessons from the successful experience of the developed local pilot cities, further help qitaihe strengthen institutional innovation, strengthen policy support of science and technology, through the national institute of technology, talents, achievements, such as sinking channels of innovation resources, effective link “political gold production, taking” innovation elements, Explore a new way of integrating science, technology and economy with qitaihe characteristics, and fully support Qitaihe to build a “model room” for the integration of science, technology and economy.
“If a city wants to move steadily up the road to modernization, it must strengthen the construction of a scientific and technological innovation system and accelerate the building of a first-mover advantage to support high-quality development.” Qitaihe is one of the three rare coal fields in China and has produced more than 600 million tons of high-quality coal, said Wang Wenli, party secretary of Qitaihe, at the opening ceremony of the forum. With the help of the golden sign of the pilot city of “Science and Technology Innovation China”, Qitaihe has established cooperative relations with more than 30 universities and research institutes, such as Tsinghua University, Peking University, Hit University, 8 national societies and 6 academicians, and 54 enterprises have settled in the “science and Technology Innovation China” integration service platform. “We will learn from zhejiang Province, jiaxing, Ningbo and Wenzhou, to be a good student”. (after)